Content thumbnail Tesla Model S | Owner's Manual

Tesla Model S | Owner's Manual

Cover.fm Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 1:20 PM MODEL S OWNER’S MANUAL

Cover.fm Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 1:20 PM DOCUMENT APPLICABILITY This document describes the features available at time of printing for: MODEL S SOFTWARE Version: 5.0 Features released in subsequent versions of software are not described in this document. However, you can display information about the newest features by viewing the Release Notes on the ModelS touchscreen. These Release Notes are displayed on the touchscreen after a software update, and can be displayed at any time by touching the Tesla “T” at the top center of the touchscreen, then touching the Release Notes link (see page5.24). If information provided in this document conflicts with information in the Release Notes, the Release Notes take precedence. ILLUSTRATIONS The illustrations provided in this document are for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version and market region, the information displayed on the touchscreen in your Model S may appear slightly different. PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS All specifications and descriptions contained in this document are verified to be accurate at the time of printing. However, because continuous improvement is a goal at Tesla, we reserve the right to make product modifications at any time. ERROR OR OMISSIONS To communicate any inaccuracies or omissions in this manual, please send an email to: [email protected]. ©2012-2013 TESLA MOTORS, INC. All rights reserved. All information in this document and all MODEL S® software is subject to copyright and other intellectual property rights of Tesla Motors, Inc. and its licensors. This material may not be modified, reproduced or copied, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of Tesla Motors, Inc. and its licensors. Additional information is available upon request. The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of Tesla Motors, Inc. in the United States and other countries: TESLA TESLA MOTORS TESLA MODEL S ROADSTER HOMELINK® and the HOMELINK® house icon are registered trademarks of Johnson Controls, Inc. Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. iPhone® is a registered trademark of Apple, Inc. Android™ and Google Maps™ are trademarks of Google, Inc. Sirius, XM and all related marks and logos are trademarks of Sirius XM Radio Inc. Pandora is a registered trademark of Pandora Media, Inc. Spotify is a registered trademark of the Spotify Group. All other trademarks contained in this document are the property of their respective owners and their use herein does not imply sponsorship or endorsement of their products or services. The unauthorized use of any trademark displayed in this document or on the vehicle is strictly prohibited.

book.book Page i Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM TABLE OF CONTENTS OVERVIEW Maps..................................................................... 5.19 Interior Overview............................................... 1.2 Navigation....................................................... 5.20 Exterior Overview............................................. 1.3 Security Settings............................................ 5.22 HomeLink® Universal Transceiver............ 5.23 OPENING AND CLOSING Software Updates.......................................... 5.24 Doors..................................................................... 2.2 Mobile App....................................................... 5.25 Windows.............................................................. 2.7 CHARGING Rear Trunk........................................................... 2.8 Front Trunk....................................................... 2.10 Electric Vehicle Components...................... 6.2 Sunroof............................................................... 2.12 Battery Information........................................ 6.4 Glove Box.......................................................... 2.13 Charging Model S............................................ 6.5 Cup Holders...................................................... 2.14 MAINTENANCE SEATING AND SAFETY Maintenance Schedule................................... 7.2 RESTRAINTS Tire Care and Maintenance.......................... 7.3 Front and Rear Seats...................................... 3.2 Temporary Tire Repair................................... 7.8 Seat Belts............................................................ 3.4 Cleaning.............................................................. 7.12 Child Safety Seats............................................ 3.7 Wiper Blades and Washer Jets................. 7.15 Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats..... 3.11 Fluid Reservoirs............................................... 7.16 Airbags............................................................... 3.15 Fuses.................................................................... 7.19 Jacking and Lifting........................................ 7.23 DRIVING Parts and Accessories.................................. 7.24 Driver Profiles................................................... 4.2 SPECIFICATIONS Steering Wheel................................................. 4.3 Identification Labels....................................... 8.2 Mirrors.................................................................. 4.5 Vehicle Loading................................................ 8.3 Starting and Powering Off........................... 4.6 Dimensions and Weights.............................. 8.5 Gears.................................................................... 4.7 Subsystems........................................................ 8.6 Instrument Panel.............................................. 4.8 Wheels and Tires.............................................. 8.8 Lights................................................................... 4.11 Wipers and Washers..................................... 4.15 ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE Park Assist......................................................... 4.16 Trip Information.............................................. 4.18 About Roadside Assistance......................... 9.2 Energy Usage................................................... 4.19 Instructions for Transporters...................... 9.3 Brakes................................................................ 4.20 Traction Control............................................. 4.22 CONSUMER INFORMATION Cruise Control................................................. 4.23 Disclaimers....................................................... 10.2 Rear View Camera........................................ 4.24 Reporting Concerns...................................... 10.3 USING THE TOUCHSCREEN Touchscreen Overview.................................. 5.2 Touchscreen - Controls................................. 5.4 Touchscreen - Settings................................. 5.6 Climate Controls............................................... 5.8 Active Air Suspension................................... 5.11 Media and Audio............................................. 5.12 Phone.................................................................. 5.17 P/N: 1028871-07-A REV: 1 i

book.book Page ii Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM OVERVIEW Interior Overview............................................... 1.2 Exterior Overview............................................. 1.3 1.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Interior Overview Interior Overview OVERVIEW 1. Interior doors (page 2.4) 9. Glove box button (page 2.13) 2. High beams (page 4.12) 10. Power window switches (page 2.7) Turn signals (page 4.14) 11. Exterior mirror adjustment switches Wipers and washers (page 4.15) (page 4.5) 3. Cruise control (page 4.23) 12. Seats (page 3.2) 4. Steering wheel buttons - left (page 4.3) 13. Steering column adjuster (page 4.3) 5. Instrument panel (page 4.8) 14. Horn (page 4.4) 6. Steering wheel buttons - right (page 4.4) 15. Brakes (page 4.20) 7. Gear selector (page 4.7) 16. Hazard warning lights (page 4.14) 8. Touchscreen (page 5.2) 17. Cabin climate control (page 5.8) NOTE: Touch Controls in the bottom left 18. Cup holders (page 2.11) corner of the touchscreen to control ModelS features such as doors, locks, and lights. 1.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Exterior Overview Exterior Overview 1. Exterior lights (page 4.11) 6. Front trunk (page 2.10) 2. Door handles (page 2.4) 7. Wheels and tires (page 8.8) 3. Sunroof (page 2.12) 8. Rear view camera (page 4.24) 4. Charge port (page 6.5) 9. Rear trunk/liftgate (page 2.8) 5. Exterior mirrors (page 4.5) 10. Parking sensors - optional (page 4.16) OVERVIEW 1.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM OPENING AND CLOSING Doors Keyless Locking and Unlocking.................. 2.2 Using the Key..................................................... 2.2 Using Exterior Door Handles...................... 2.4 Using Interior Door Handles........................ 2.4 Interior Locking and Unlocking.................. 2.4 Child-protection Locks................................... 2.5 Drive-away Locking......................................... 2.5 Walk-away Locking......................................... 2.5 Unlocking with a Dead Key Battery.......... 2.5 Opening Interior Doors with No Power... 2.6 Windows Opening from the Exterior........................... 2.7 Opening and Closing from the Interior.... 2.7 Locking Rear Windows.................................. 2.7 Rear Trunk Opening................................................................ 2.8 Closing.................................................................. 2.8 Adjusting the Opening Height.................... 2.8 Interior Release................................................. 2.9 Opening with No Power................................ 2.9 Front Trunk Opening.............................................................. 2.10 Closing................................................................ 2.10 Interior Emergency Release........................ 2.11 Opening with No Power............................... 2.11 Sunroof Opening and Closing.................................... 2.12 Glove Box Opening and Closing.................................... 2.13 Cup Holders Opening and Closing.................................... 2.14 2.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Doors Doors OPEDoorNsING AND CLOSING Keyless Locking and Unlocking Using the Key Model S has sensors that can recognize the To quickly familiarize yourself with the key, presence of a key. The sensors are located at think of the key as a miniature version of each end of the dash panel and behind the rear ModelS, with the Tesla badge representing the bumper, and have a range of approximately front. The key has three buttons that feel like three feet (one meter). softer areas on the surface. 1. Trunk If Model S is equipped with the optional tech • Double-click to open the rear trunk. package, walking up to Model S when you have • If Model S is equipped with a powered your key with you automatically unlocks the liftgate, double-click to close the rear doors. Similarly, open the trunk by just walking trunk. You can also single-click to stop up to Model S with your key with you and press the liftgate when it is moving. the switch located under the trunk’s exterior 2. Lock/Unlock All handle. • Double-click to unlock doors and the rear Press a door handle, and it extends. Or, if the trunk. Hazard warning lights flash twice AUTO-PRESENT HANDLES setting is turned on and door handles extend. (see page 2.4), door handles extend • Single-click to lock doors and trunks (all automatically when Model S unlocks. doors and trunks must be closed). Hazard If you turn on the walk-away locking setting warning lights flash once and door using the touchscreen, Model S locks when you handles retract. walk away carrying your key with you (see • Press and hold to lower all windows. page2.5). 3. Front trunk (also called the “frunk”) • Double-click to open the front trunk. You do not need to point the key at Model S, but you must be within operating range (which varies depending on the strength of the key’s battery). If Model S is unable to detect the key, the touchscreen displays a message indicating that a key is not inside. Place the key where Model S can best detect it, which is below the 12V power socket (see page 4.6). Radio equipment on a similar frequency can affect the key. If this happens, move the key at least 30 cm away from other electronic devices (phone, laptop, etc). 2.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Doors If the key does not work, you may need to 4. Insert the new battery (type CR2032) with change its battery. if the key’s battery is the ‘+’ side facing up. Avoid touching the discharged, you can open Model S by following flat surfaces of the battery, and wipe the the unlocking procedure described on battery clean before fitting. Finger marks page2.5. can reduce battery life. CAUTION: Remember to bring the key 5. Align the battery, then press the key and with you when you drive. Although you battery together until they snap into place. can drive Model S away from its key, you Used batteries contain harmful will be unable to power it back on after it substances. Seek advice on disposal from powers off. Tesla or your local authority. CAUTION: Protect the key from impact, water damage and high temperatures. Getting More Keys Avoid contact with solvents, waxes and If you lose a key or require an additional one, abrasive cleaners. contact Tesla. Model S can recognize up to three keys. Replacing the Key Battery When ordering a new key for Model S, take all The key’s battery lasts for approximately a year. available keys with you for reprogramming. When the battery is low, a message displays on the instrument panel. Follow these steps to replace it: 1. Place the key, button side down, on a soft surface. 2. Release the battery cover using a small flat bladed tool. 3. Remove the battery by pushing it toward the center of the key to release it from the front retaining clips. OPENING AND CLOSING 2.3

opening & closing.fm Page 4 Friday, July 26, 2013 2:01 PM Doors Doors Using Exterior Door Handles Using Interior Door Handles A light press on a door handle extends it, Pull the interior door handle toward you to provided Model S detects a valid key nearby. open the door. If Model S is equipped with the optional tech package, you can set the door handles to extend automatically whenever you approach the driver’s side carrying the key. On the touchscreen, touch Controls > Settings > Auto-Present Handles > On. NOTE: To prevent children from opening rear Insert your hand into the handle and pull to doors using the interior handles, use the open the door. touchscreen (Controls > Settings > Child Door handles retract if you do not use them Protection Locks) to turn on the within one minute after they extend. Just press child-protection locks (see page 2.5). a handle to extend it again. Door handles also retract a minute after the last door closes, when Interior Locking and Unlocking Model S begins moving, and when you lock From inside Model S, you can use the Model S. touchscreen to lock or unlock doors and trunks, NOTE: To preserve battery life, Model is provided a valid key is inside the vehicle. Touch designed to temporarily disable the Controls > Lock/Unlock. The current lock Auto-Present Handles feature when: status displays on the bottom left of the • The key has been out of range for more instrument panel. than 24 hours. NOTE: If a door or trunk is still open when you • The key remains within range for five lock Model S, it locks when you close it. minutes after all doors have been closed. In these cases, extend the handles by touching the driver’s door handle or pressing the unlock button on the key. There is no need to reset the setting. The next time you approach Model S, provided the above conditions do not apply, handles automatically extend. Whenever a door is open, the Door Open indicator displays on the instrument panel. The image of the ModelS on the touchscreen Controls window also shows which door or trunk is open. 2.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Doors Child-protection Locks Unlocking with a Dead Key Battery Model S has child-protection locks on the rear If Model S does not unlock when you walk up to doors and liftgate to prevent them from being it, or when you press the unlock button on your opened using interior handles. Use the key, the key’s battery may be dead. If this is the touchscreen to turn child protection locks on or case, you can still unlock and drive Model S. off. Touch Controls > Settings > Child To unlock Model S (and disable the security Protection Locks. alarm), position the key near the base of the NOTE: It is recommended that you turn passenger side windshield wiper, as shown. child-protection locks on whenever children are seated in the rear seats. Drive-away Locking Model S can automatically lock all doors (including the trunks) whenever your driving speed exceeds 8 km/h. To turn this feature on or off, touch Controls > Settings > Drive-Away Door Lock. Walk-away Locking To drive Model S, place the key against the If Model S is equipped with the optional tech center console, immediately below the 12V package, Model S doors and trunks can power outlet, then press the brake pedal to turn automatically lock whenever you walk away ModelS on. carrying the key. For instructions on how to replace the key’s To turn this feature on or off, touch Controls > battery, see page 2.3. Settings > Walk-Away Door Lock. NOTE: Unlocking Model S using this method NOTE: If all doors are closed and you disables walk-away locking. You must manually double-click the key to unlock Model S, re-enable walk-away locking after replacing the walk-away locking is temporarily suspended key’s battery. until the next time you use the key to lock Model S. This allows you to keep Model S unlocked in your garage. OPENING AND CLOSING 2.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Doors Doors Opening Interior Doors with No Power If Model S has no electrical power, front doors open as usual using the interior door handles. To open the rear doors, fold back the edge of the carpet below the rear seats to expose the mechanical release cable. Pull the mechanical release cable toward the center. 2.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Windows Windows to be fully operational and can cause Opening from the Exterior To open windows from outside Model S, press hazardous, unauthorized or unintentional use and hold the unlock button on the key. of Model S. Locking Rear Windows To prevent passengers from using the rear window switches, press the rear window lock switch. The switch light turns on. To unlock rear windows, press the switch again. Opening and Closing from the Interior Press down on a switch to lower the associated window all the way down. Window switches operate at two levels. To lower a window partially, hold the switch and release when the window is at the desired position. WARNING: To ensure safety, it is recommended that you lock the rear windows whenever children are seated in the rear seats. WARNING: Never leave children unattended in Model S. Similarly, pull a switch to raise the associated window. This also operates at two levels—when raising, hold the switch and release when the window is at the desired position. WARNING: Before closing a power window, it is the driver’s responsibility to ensure that all occupants, especially children, do not have any body parts extended through the window’s opening. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. WARNING: When leaving Model S, always take your key with you. Leaving the key in Model S allows all doors, windows, and controls OPENING AND CLOSING 2.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Rear Trunk Rear Trunk Rear Trunk Opening Closing To open the rear trunk, do one of the following: To close the trunk, pull down on the liftgate and • Touch Controls > Trunk on the touchscreen. push firmly, ensuring it is fully closed. • Double-click the Trunk button on the key. If Model S is equipped with the optional tech • Press the switch located under the exterior package, you can close the powered liftgate by: handle (if not equipped with the optional • Double-clicking the trunk button on the key. tech package, you must first unlock • Touching Controls > Trunk on the ModelS). touchscreen. • Pressing the switch located on the underside of the liftgate (see page 2.8). If a powered liftgate senses an obstruction when closing, it automatically opens and sounds two chimes. Remove the obstruction and try closing it again. If it cannot close the second time, powered operation is temporarily disabled. Manually closing it restores powered operation. NOTE: The power closing feature is also temporarily disabled if you leave the powered liftgate open for more than an hour. Adjusting the Opening Height If Model S is equipped with a powered liftgate, you can adjust its opening height to make it easier to reach: When the liftgate is open, the 1. Open the liftgate, then lower it to the instrument panel displays the Door desired opening height. Open indicator light. The image of the Model S on the touchscreen Controls window also displays the open trunk. To stop a powered liftgate while it is moving, single-click the Trunk button on the key. Then, when you double-click the Trunk button, it moves again, but in the opposite direction (provided it was not almost entirely open or closed when you stopped it). For example, if you single-click to stop the liftgate while it is opening, when you double-click, it closes. To open the trunk in the unlikely situation in which Model S has no electrical power, see page2.9. 2. Press and hold the button on the underside of the liftgate for 2 seconds until you hear a confirmation beep. 3. Confirm that you have set it to the desired height by closing the liftgate, then reopening it. 2.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Rear Trunk Interior Release Opening with No Power To open the trunk from inside Model S, press If Model S has no electrical power, you can the interior release switch and push the liftgate open the rear trunk from inside. Use the up. mechanical release cable located on the underside of the liftgate, next to the interior light. 1. Remove the cover by pulling its lower edge very firmly toward you. If Model S is equipped with the optional tech 2. Pull the cable to release the latch. package, you do not need to push it up. When 3. Push the liftgate open. you press the release switch, it opens, and when you pull the switch, it closes. NOTE: The interior release switch is disabled if the child-protection locks are turned on (see page2.5), or if Model S is moving. OPENING AND CLOSING 2.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Front Trunk Front Trunk Front Trunk Opening Closing To open the front trunk: Lower the hood, then place both hands on the • Touch Controls > Front Trunk on the front of the hood as shown. Press down firmly touchscreen, or double-click the front trunk with both hands to engage the latches. Lift the button on the key. front edge of the hood to ensure it is fully • Pull the hood up. closed. WARNING: Slamming or dropping the hood can cause damage, and does not ensure that it is properly closed. WARNING: Do not drive with the hood secured by the secondary catch alone. The door open indicator displays on the instrument panel when the front trunk is open. The image of the Model S on the touchscreen Controls window also displays the open trunk. To open the front trunk in the unlikely situations where Model S has no electrical power, see page2.11. 2.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Front Trunk Interior Emergency Release Opening with No Power An interior release button inside the front trunk If Model S has no electrical power, or if you are allows a person locked inside to get out. This unable to open the front trunk using the release button is active whenever Model S is touchscreen or key, pull the mechanical release stationary. lever located below the glove box. This releases the primary catch. Press the interior release button to open the front trunk, then push up on the hood. NOTE: The button glows for several hours after a brief exposure to ambient light. Then push down on the secondary catch lever and lift the hood. You may need to push the hood down slightly to release the pressure against the secondary catch. OPENING AND CLOSING 2.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Sunroof Sunroof Sunroof WARNING: Do not allow occupants to Opening and Closing If your Model S is equipped with a sunroof, extend any part of their body through the touch Controls > Sunroof on the touchscreen sunroof. Doing so can cause serious to operate it. Drag, or tap on, the sunroof slider injury from flying debris, tree branches, or other bar, or touch the image of the sunroof and drag obstructions. it. The sunroof moves to the selected position. WARNING: Before closing the sunroof, ensure that occupants, especially children, do not have any body part extended through the sunroof opening. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. CAUTION: Remove snow and ice before opening the sunroof. Opening a sunroof covered in snow and ice can cause damage. CAUTION: Do not carry objects in ModelS that protrude through the sunroof. Doing so can damage the sunroof’s seals and anti-trap mechanism. Touch OPEN once to open the sunroof to its comfort position (80% open to minimize wind noise). Or, move the sunroof to the comfort position by dragging the slider bar to the indent position. If you find wind noise (which varies depending on driving speed) excessive, even with the sunroof in the comfort position, open a window slightly. Touch OPEN twice to open the sunroof fully. Touch CLOSE to fully close the sunroof. If the sunroof’s safety mechanism detects any obstruction, it does not close. If, after removing the obstruction, it still does not close, touch and hold CLOSE to override the sunroof’s anti-trap mechanism. Touch VENT to open the sunroof slightly. To stop the sunroof from moving at any time, touch the image of the sunroof. 2.12 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 13 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Glove Box Glove Box Opening and Closing To open the glove box, press the switch located to the right of the touchscreen. If you leave the glove box open for five minutes, its light automatically turns off. NOTE: The glove box locks whenever Model S is locked externally, using the key or walk-away locking. It does not lock when Model S is locked using the touchscreen. WARNING: When driving, keep the glove box closed to prevent injury to a passenger if a collision or sudden stop occurs. OPENING AND CLOSING 2.13

book.book Page 14 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Cup Holders Cup Holders Cup Holders Opening and Closing To expose a cup holder, slide back the armrest. 2.14 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS Front and Rear Seats Correct Driving Position................................ 3.2 Adjusting the Driver’s Seat........................... 3.2 Folding Rear Seats........................................... 3.3 Raising Rear Seats........................................... 3.3 Head Supports................................................... 3.3 Seat Covers......................................................... 3.3 Seat Belts Wearing Seat Belts......................................... 3.4 Wearing Seat Belts When Pregnant........ 3.4 Seat Belt Pre-tensioners................................ 3.5 Testing Seat Belts............................................ 3.5 Seat Belt Warnings......................................... 3.6 Child Safety Seats Guidelines for Seating Children.................. 3.7 Choosing a Child Safety Seat...................... 3.7 Seating Larger Children................................. 3.8 Installing Child Safety Seats......................... 3.8 Installing Seat Belt Retained Child Seats 3.8 Installing ISOFIX Child Seats....................... 3.9 Attaching Upper Tether Straps................ 3.10 Testing a Child Safety Seat........................ 3.10 Warnings - Child Safety Seats................... 3.10 Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Usage Restrictions.......................................... 3.11 Opening............................................................... 3.11 Folding................................................................ 3.12 Seating a Child................................................ 3.13 Warnings - Tesla Child Seats..................... 3.14 Airbags Location of Airbags....................................... 3.15 How the Airbags Work................................. 3.16 Types of Airbags............................................ 3.16 Disabling the Front Passenger Airbag... 3.17 Inflation Effects............................................... 3.18 Airbag Warning Indicator........................... 3.18 Airbag Warnings............................................. 3.18 3.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Front and Rear Seats Front and Rear Seats SEAFronTt anINGd A RNeDar SAF SeatEsTY RESTRAINTS Correct Driving Position Adjusting the Driver’s Seat The seat, head support, seat belt and airbags work together to maximize your safety. Using these correctly ensures greater protection. Position the seat so you can wear the seat belt correctly, while being as far away from the front airbag as possible: 1. Sit upright with both feet on the floor and the seat back reclined no more than 30 degrees. 2. Make sure you can easily reach the pedals and that your arms are slightly bent when holding the steering wheel. Your chest should be at least 25 cm from the center of the airbag cover. 3. Place the shoulder section of the seat belt mid-way between your neck and your shoulder. Fit the lap section of the belt tightly across your hips, not across your stomach. Model S seats include integrated head supports 1. Adjust lumbar support. that cannot be adjusted or removed. 2. Adjust backrest. 3. Move seat forward/backward. 4. Adjust the seat’s height and tilt angle. WARNING: Do not adjust seats while driving. Doing so increases the risk of a collision. WARNING: Riding in a moving vehicle with the seat back reclined can result in serious injuries in a collision, as you could slide under the lap belt or be propelled into the seat belt. Ensure your seat back is reclined no more than 30 degrees when the vehicle is moving. 3.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Front and Rear Seats Folding Rear Seats Raising Rear Seats ModelS has a split rear seat that can fold Before raising a rear seat, make sure that the forward. seat belts are not trapped behind the backrest. Before folding, remove items from the seats Pull the seat back upward until it locks into and the rear foot well. To allow the rear seat place. backs to fold completely flat, you may need to To confirm that the seat back is locked in the move the front seats forward. upright position, try pulling it forward. WARNING: Always ensure the seat backs are locked in their upright position. Failure to do so increases the risk of injury. Head Supports Seats include integrated head supports that cannot be adjusted or removed. Seat Covers Do not use seat covers on Model S. Doing so could restrict deployment of the side air bags if an accident occurs. It can also reduce the To fold a rear seat, press the corresponding accuracy of the occupant detection system. lever and fold the seat forward. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Seat Belts Seat Belts Seat Belts 4. Pull the belt to check that it is securely Wearing Seat Belts Using seat belts and child safety seats is the fastened. most effective way to protect occupants if a 5. Pull the diagonal part of the belt toward the collision occurs. Therefore, wearing a seat belt reel to remove excess slack. is required by law in most jurisdictions. To Release a Belt Both the driver and passenger seats are Hold the belt near the buckle to prevent the equipped with three-point inertia reel seat belt from retracting too quickly, then press the belts. Inertia reel belts are automatically button on the buckle. The belt retracts tensioned to allow occupants to move automatically. Ensure there is no obstruction comfortably during normal driving conditions. that prevents the belt from fully retracting. The The seat belt reel automatically locks to prevent belt should not hang loose. If a seat belt does movement of occupants if ModelS experiences not fully retract, contact Tesla. a force associated with hard acceleration, braking, cornering, or an impact in a collision. Wearing Seat Belts When Pregnant The seat belt reminder on the Do not put the lap or shoulder sections of the instrument panel alerts you if a seat belt seat belt over the abdominal area. Wear the lap for an occupied seat is not fastened. If section of the belt as low as possible across the the belt remains unfastened, the reminder hips, not the waist. Position the shoulder flashes and an intermittent chime sounds. If all portion of the belt between the breasts and to occupants are buckled up and the reminder the side of the abdomen. Consult your doctor stays on, re-fasten seat belts to ensure they are for specific guidance. correctly latched. Also remove any heavy object (such as a briefcase) from an unoccupied seat. If the reminder light continues to stay on, contact Tesla. To Fasten a Belt 1. Ensure correct positioning of the seat (for correct driving position, see page 3.2). WARNING: Never place anything between you and the seat belt to cushion the impact in the event of an accident. 2. Draw the belt out smoothly, ensuring the belt lays flat across the pelvis, chest and mid-point of your collar bone, between the neck and shoulder. 3. Insert the latch plate into the buckle and press together until you hear a “click” indicating it is locked in place. 3.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Seat Belts Seat Belt Pre-tensioners Testing Seat Belts The front seat belts are equipped with To confirm that seat belts are operating pre-tensioners that work in conjunction with correctly, perform these three simple checks on the airbags in a severe frontal collision. The each seat belt. pre-tensioners automatically retract both the 1. With the seat belt fastened, give the seat belt anchor and the seat belt webbing, webbing nearest the buckle a quick pull. reducing slack in both the lap and diagonal The buckle should remain securely locked. portions of the belts, resulting in reduced 2. With the belt unfastened, unreel the forward movement of the occupant. webbing to its limit. Check that unreeling is free from snags, and visually check the webbing for wear. Allow the webbing to retract, checking that retraction is smooth and complete. 3. With the webbing half unreeled, hold the tongue plate and pull forward quickly. The mechanism should lock automatically and prevent further unreeling. If a seat belt fails any of these tests, contact Tesla immediately. For information about cleaning seat belts, see page7.13. If the pre-tensioners and airbags did not activate in an impact, this does not mean they malfunctioned. It usually means that the strength or type of force needed to activate them was not present. WARNING: Once the seat belt pre-tensioners have been activated, they must be replaced. After any accident, have the airbags, seat belt pre-tensioners and any associated components checked and, if necessary, replaced. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Seat Belts Seat Belts Seat Belt Warnings WARNING: When seat belts are not in WARNING: Seat belts should be worn by use, they should be fully retracted and all occupants for every journey no matter not hanging loose. If a seat belt does not fully how short. Failure to do so increases the risk of retract, contact Tesla. injury or death if an accident occurs. WARNING: Secure small children in a suitable child safety seat (see page 3.7). Always follow the child safety seat manufacturer's instructions when installing. WARNING: Ensure that all seat belts are worn correctly. An improperly worn seat belt increases the risk of injury or death if an accident occurs (see page 3.4). WARNING: Do not wear seat belts over hard, fragile or sharp items in clothing, such as pens, keys, eyeglasses, etc. The pressure from the seat belt on such items can cause injury. WARNING: Seat belts should not be worn with any part of the strap twisted. WARNING: Each seat belt assembly must be used by one occupant only. It is dangerous to put a seat belt around a child being carried on an occupant’s lap. WARNING: Seat belts that have been worn in an accident must be inspected or replaced by Tesla, even if damage to the assembly is not obvious. WARNING: Seat belts that show signs of wear (such as fraying) or have been cut or damaged in any way, must be replaced by Tesla. WARNING: Avoid contaminating a seat belt’s components with any chemicals, liquids, grit, dirt or cleaning products. If a seat belt fails to retract or latch into the buckle, it must be replaced immediately. Contact Tesla. WARNING: Do not make modifications or additions that can prevent a seat belt mechanism from taking up slack, or that can prevent a seat belt from being adjusted to remove slack. A slack belt greatly reduces occupant protection. WARNING: Do not make modifications that can interfere with the operation of a seat belt, or that can cause a seat belt to become inoperable. 3.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Child Safety Seats Child Safety Seats Guidelines for Seating Children You must restrain infants and small children If your ModelS is equipped with Tesla built in using a child safety seat appropriate for the rear facing child seats, these seats are child child’s age, weight, and size. Carefully follow safety seats and are designed only for children the instructions provided by the manufacturer within a specific height and weight range (see of the child safety seat. Never use child safety page3.11). seats in the front row passenger seat. Refer to the tables below for guidelines on the type of seatbelt installed and ISOFIX installed child restraint you should used based on the weight of the child. Seatbelt Installed Child Restraints Front Rear Rear Mass Group Passenger Outboard Centre Group 0 up to 10 kg L U U Group 0+ up to 13 kg L U U Group 1 9 - 18 kg UF* U, UF U, UF Group II 15 - 25 kg UF* U, UF U, UF Group III 22 - 36 kg UF* U, UF U, UF U: Universal rear facing child restraint UF: Universal forward facing child restraint L: Suitable for these particular child restraints - Maxi-Cosi Cabrio/Cabriofix E4 04443517 or Takata Mini E4 04443717 *: Seat must be placed in rearmost highest position ISOFIX Installed Child Restraints Vehicle ISOFIX Position Mass Group Size Class Fixture Rear Outboard Rear Centre Group 0 up to 10 kg E R1 IL IL Group 0+ up to 13 kg E R1 IL IL DR2IL IL CR3IL IL Group 1 9 - 18 kg D R2 U, UF IL CR3U, UF IL BF2IUF IUF B1 F2x IUF IUF AF3IUF IUF IL: Suitable for any semi-universal child restraint (any rear or forward facing restraint with support leg) IUF: Suitable for any universal child restraint (forward facing with tether) NOTE: If the combined weight of the child and the child safety seat is over 29 kg, Tesla recommends attaching the safety seat using the seat belt and upper tether strap. In addition to safety, this has the added benefit of ensuring the seat belt reminder does not stay lit. Always follow the seat belt manufacturer’s instructions when installing child safety seats. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Child Safety Seats Child Safety Seats Seating Larger Children Installing Seat Belt Retained Child If a child is too large to fit into a child safety Seats seat, but too small to safely fit into the standard First, make sure that the child falls into the seat belts, use a booster seat appropriate for correct weight range for the seat. the child’s age and size. Carefully follow the Avoid dressing the child in bulky clothing and manufacturer’s instructions to secure the do not place any objects between the child and booster seat using the seat belts. Do not use the restraint system. the ISOFIX system to secure booster seats, even in situations where the booster seat is Adjust harnesses for every child, every trip. equipped with the ISOFIX system. Always follow the detailed instructions provided by the child safety seat manufacturer. Installing Child Safety Seats General guidelines are provided below. There are two general methods used to install 1. Place the child safety seat in ModelS, route child safety seats: the seat belt, and secure the buckle in • Seat belt retained - these seats are secured accordance with the child safety seat using the vehicle’s seat belts (see page 3.8). manufacturer’s instructions. • ISOFIX* retained - these seats can attach to anchor bars built into the vehicle’s rear seats (see page 3.9). Check the child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions and the table on page 3.7 to determine which installation method to use. Some child safety seats can be installed using either method. Always follow the child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions. 2. Allow the seat belt to retract, and remove all slack in the seat belt while firmly pushing the child safety seat into the ModelS seat. 3. If the seat belt retained child safety seat has an upper tether, attach it to the back of the seat (see page 3.10). 3.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Child Safety Seats Installing ISOFIX Child Seats To install a ISOFIX retained child safety seat, Lower ISOFIX anchor points are provided at all slide the safety seat latches onto the anchor three second row seating positions and are bars until they click into place. Carefully read located between the seat back rest and rear and follow the instructions provided by the cushion. The exact location of each anchor child safety seat manufacturer. point is indicated by the child safety seat identification tab on the seat. Once installed, test the security of the installation before seating a child. Attempt to twist the child safety seat from side to side and Although ISOFIX anchor points are provided at try to pull it away from the seat, then check that all three rear seating positions, you can only use the anchors are still securely in place. two at the same time. To seat three children, use a non-ISOFIX retained seat in the middle. When installing two ISOFIX retained child safety seats, you cannot install them adjacent to each other with one in the middle and the other on the left (driver’s side). SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Child Safety Seats Child Safety Seats Attaching Upper Tether Straps Warnings - Child Safety Seats If an upper tether strap is provided, attach its WARNING: Do not allow a baby or infant hook to the anchor point located on the back of to be held on a lap. All children should be the rear seats. Always position the strap so that restrained in an appropriate child safety seat at it runs over the center of the Model S head all times. support, except in cases where you are WARNING: To ensure children are safely installing a ISOFIX retained child safety seat in seated, follow all instructions provided in the center position—in this case, run the strap this document and by the manufacturer of the over the left hand side of the head support, as child safety seat. shown. Tighten according to the child safety WARNING: Children should ride in a rear seat manufacturer’s instructions. facing child safety seat using the seat’s integrated 5 point harness for as long as possible. WARNING: When seating larger children, make sure the child's head is supported and the child’s seat belt is properly adjusted and fastened. The shoulder portion of the belt must be away from the face and neck, and the lap portion must not be over the stomach. WARNING: Never attach two child safety seats to one anchor point. In a collision, one anchor point may not be strong enough to secure both seats. WARNING: Child safety seat anchors can withstand loads resulting only from correctly fitted child safety seats. Do not use these anchors for any other purpose. WARNING: Always check harnesses and tether straps for damage and wear. WARNING: Never leave a child unattended in Model S, even if the child is secured in a child safety seat. NOTE: To prevent the strap from moving from WARNING: Never use a child safety seat side to side, the top of the head support that has been involved in an accident. deforms. Have the seat inspected or replaced as a described in the child safety seat Testing a Child Safety Seat manufacturer’s instructions. Before seating a child, always make sure the child safety seat is not loose: 1. Hold the child safety seat by the belt path and try to slide the safety seat from side to side and front to back. 2. If the seat moves more than 2.5 cm, it is too loose. Tighten the belt or reconnect the ISOFIX retained child safety seat. 3. If you are unable to reduce slack, try a different seat location or try another child safety seat. 3.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats 3. Undo the Velcro strap: Usage Restrictions The Tesla built in rear facing child seats are child restraint systems and are approved to United Nations ECE Regulation R44.04 standards for use by children in Mass Groups II and III, weighing 15 - 36 kg. These seats must only be used for children who are between 3 and 12 years old, and 98 - 135 cm tall. Always ensure the top of the child’s head cannot contact the vehicle and that the child is seated comfortably with the seat belts positioned and latched correctly. The child’s pelvis must be held securely in place by the lap belt. Follow all instructions provided and do 4. Pull the handle to release the head supports not use supplemental child safety seats in from the seat back, then pull the head these seats. supports toward you to unfold them: NOTE: To draw more air into the rear seating areas, it is recommended that whenever a child is seated in the Tesla built in rear facing child seats, you set the climate control system to draw outside air into Model S, instead of recirculating the air. See page 5.9. Opening 1. Remove the cover from the trunk floor and pull the strap to lift the seat assembly upward: 5. Raise the seat back to the upright position and push until it locks into position. Visually check to ensure that the retaining catches are engaged: 2. Push the seat assembly into position: 6. Check that the seat back and seat base are securely retained in the upright position by trying to pull the seat back toward you. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Folding 4. Pull the strap at the rear of the seat to fold CAUTION: Before folding the seats, the seat assembly into the trunk floor: fasten the seat belts to prevent them from getting trapped in the seat mechanism and being damaged. 1. Pull the handle to release the seat back and pull the seat back fully forward: 5. Replace the cover on the trunk floor: 2. Push the lever to release the head supports from the seat back, then fold back onto the seat: 3. Secure the Velcro strap: 3.12 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 13 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Seating a Child 7. Slide the shoulder clips into place to ensure The Tesla built in rear facing child seats are child the upper portion of the belts remain restraint systems and are approved to United positioned over the child’s shoulders. Nations ECE Regulation R44.04 standards for use by children in Mass Groups II and III, weighing 15 - 36 kg. These seats must only be used for children who are between 3 and 12 years old, and 98 - 135 cm tall. Always ensure the top of the child’s head cannot contact the vehicle and that the child is seated comfortably with the seat belts positioned and latched correctly. Follow all instructions provided and do not use supplemental child safety seats in these seats. NOTE: To draw more air into the rear seating areas, it is recommended that whenever a child is seated in the Tesla built in rear facing child seats, you set the climate control system to draw outside air into Model S, instead of recirculating the air. See page 5.9. 1. Position the child in the seat with arms through the loops of the seat belts. 2. Connect the two halves of the seat belt tongue. 3. Insert the seat belt tongue latch into the buckle and ensure it is securely fastened. To release, press the button on the buckle, and separate the two halves of the seat restraint. 4. Adjust the shoulder belts so they run over the top of the child’s shoulders and away from the face. 5. Adjust the length of the buckle to ensure the lower straps sit low on the child’s pelvis. The child’s pelvis must be held firmly in place. 6. Pull the lower straps until the child is securely held in the seat. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.13

book.book Page 14 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats Warnings - Tesla Child Seats WARNING: Do not remove the built in WARNING: The Tesla built in rear facing rear facing child seats for any reason, seats are child restraint systems and are including cleaning. To ensure safety of approved to United Nations ECE Regulation occupants, removal and installation must be R44.04 standards for use by children in Mass performed by qualified Tesla service Groups II and III, weighing 15 - 36 kg. These technicians. seats must only be used for children who are WARNING: Do not make modifications or between 3 and 12 years old, and additions that can interfere with the 98-135cmtall, provided the top of the child’s operation of the Tesla built in rear facing child head cannot contact the interior. seats. WARNING: Do not use supplemental WARNING: To prevent injury, ensure all child restraint systems, including booster loose items (bags, luggage, etc) are seats, in the Tesla built in rear facing child seats. secured. In an accident, or during hard braking WARNING: Always ensure that the top of and sharp turns, loose items could cause injury. the child’s head cannot touch the headliner and that the child is seated comfortably with the seat belts correctly fastened. WARNING: Follow all instructions and heed all warnings related to the Tesla built in rear facing child seats. Failure to do so can compromise occupant safety. WARNING: Read all safety warnings and labels attached to the seats. WARNING: Do not leave children unattended in Model S, even if the child is secured in a child safety seat or a Tesla built in rear facing child seat. In hot weather, the interior temperature can reach dangerous levels that can result in dehydration, serious injury or death. WARNING: Do not remove or replace the fabric on a Tesla built in rear facing child seat. The covers are an integral part of the restraint’s performance and should not be removed or replaced with any other type than those supplied by Tesla. WARNING: If the Tesla built in rear facing child seats have been worn in an accident, they must be inspected or replaced by Tesla, even if damage is not obvious. WARNING: Before allowing a child to ride in the Tesla built in rear facing child seats, check that the seat is securely held in the upright position by trying to pull the seat back toward you. 3.14 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 15 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Airbags Airbags Location of Airbags Airbags are located in the approximate areas shown here. Airbag warning information is printed on the sun visors. 1. Passenger knee airbag 2. Passenger front airbag 3. Side airbags 4. Curtain airbags 5. Driver’s knee airbag 6. Driver’s front airbag SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.15

book.book Page 16 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Airbags Airbags How the Airbags Work Types of Airbags Inflation of airbags depends on the rate at Advanced The front airbags are advanced which the vehicle’s cabin changes speed in a front airbags designed to reduce airbag collision. The rate of deceleration determines airbags related injuries to children or small whether airbags inflate. adults who ride in front. On the Airbags inflate instantly with considerable driver’s side, the front airbag force accompanied by a loud noise. The inflated works with a seat position sensor bag, together with the seat belts, limits that adjusts the inflation level movement of occupants to reduce the risk of based on the seating position of injury. the occupant. For safety of infants Front airbags are not ordinarily designed to and small children, the front inflate in rear collisions, rollovers, minor front or passenger airbag can be disabled side collisions, heavy braking, or driving over as described on page 3.17. bumps and potholes. Therefore, significant Knee Knee airbags and the front airbags superficial damage can occur to the vehicle airbags work together. The knee airbags without the airbags inflating or, conversely, a limit the forward motion of the relatively small amount of structural damage front seat occupants by restricting can cause airbags to inflate. leg movement, thereby positioning If you are planning to modify your vehicle for a the occupants so that the front person with disabilities in a way that may affect airbags work more effectively. the airbag system, contact Tesla. Side Side airbags protect the thorax airbags region of the torso and the pelvis and inflate only if a severe side impact occurs. Airbags on the non-impacted side do not inflate. Curtain Curtain airbags help protect the airbags head and ordinarily inflate only if a severe side impact occurs or if the vehicle rolls over. The airbags on the non-impacted side do not inflate. 3.16 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 17 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Airbags Disabling the Front Passenger The ON/OFF status of the front passenger Airbag airbag displays in the upper right corner of the When a child is seated in the front passenger touchscreen. seat (even though the child is seated in a child safety seat or booster seat), you must ensure the front passenger airbag is turned off. This prevents the airbag from injuring the child if a collision occurs. NOTE: Rear seats are the preferred location for seating children in child safety seats. To turn the passenger airbag on or off, touch Controls > Settings > Safety & Security > Passenger Airbag. You can also turn the passenger airbag on or off by touching the status indicator, shown above. If the status shows the airbag as on, even if you have turned it off (or vice versa), contact Tesla immediately. NOTE: Model S has a capacitive touchscreen and may not respond to your touch if you are wearing standard gloves. If the touchscreen is not responding, remove gloves or wear gloves with conductive fingertips for use with capacitive touchscreens. WARNING: If the control for the passenger airbag does not appear to be functioning, do not seat any passenger in the front seat. Contact Tesla immediately to have the vehicle inspected and if necessary, repaired. WARNING: Never seat a child in a child safety seat or a booster seat on the front passenger seat when the airbag is activated. Doing so can cause serious injury or death. WARNING: Do not use seat covers on Model S. Doing so could restrict deployment of the side air bags if an accident occurs. It can also reduce the accuracy of the occupant detection system. SEATING AND SAFETY RESTRAINTS 3.17

book.book Page 18 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Airbags Airbags Inflation Effects Airbag Warnings When airbags inflate, a fine powder is released. All occupants, including the driver, This powder can irritate the skin and should be should always wear their seat belts thoroughly flushed from the eyes and from any whether or not an airbag is also provided at cuts or abrasions. their seating position to minimize the risk of After inflation, the airbags deflate to provide a severe injury or death in the event of a crash. gradual cushioning effect for the occupants Front seat occupants should not place and to ensure the driver’s forward vision is not their arms over the airbag module, as an obscured. inflating bag can cause fractures or other If airbags have inflated, or if your vehicle has injuries. been in an accident, always have the airbags, WARNING: Do not use seat covers on seat belt pre-tensioners and any associated Model S. Doing so could restrict components checked and, if necessary, deployment of the side air bags if an replaced by Tesla. accident occurs. It can also reduce the In a collision, in addition to the airbags inflating: accuracy of the occupant detection system. • Doors unlock and the door handles extend. WARNING: Airbags inflate with • Hazard warning lights turn on. considerable speed and force, which can cause injury. To limit injuries, ensure that • Interior lights turn on. occupants are wearing seat belts and are • High voltage is disabled. correctly seated, with the seat positioned as far To restore Battery power, use the touchscreen back as possible. to manually power off Model S (see page 4.6), WARNING: Do not use a child safety seat then press the brake to power it back on again. or seat young children on a seat with an operational airbag in front of it. Doing so can Airbag Warning Indicator cause injury or death if the airbag inflates. The airbag indicator on the instrument WARNING: To ensure correct inflation of panel remains lit if the airbag system is the side airbags, maintain an malfunctioning. The only time this unobstructed gap between an occupant’s torso indicator should light up is briefly when and the side of Model S. ModelS first starts up, in which case it turns off WARNING: Passengers should not lean within a few seconds. If it remains lit, contact their heads against the doors. Doing so Tesla immediately and do not drive. can cause injury if a curtain airbag inflates. WARNING: Do not allow passengers to obstruct the operation of an airbag by placing feet, knees or any other part of the body on or near an airbag. WARNING: Do not attach or place objects on or near the front airbags, the side of the front seats, the headliner at the side of the vehicle, or any other airbag cover that could interfere with inflation of an airbag. Objects can cause serious injury if the vehicle is in a crash severe enough to cause the airbag to inflate. WARNING: Following inflation, some airbag components are hot. Do not touch until they have cooled. 3.18 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM DRIVING Driver Profiles Trip Information Creating a Driver Profile............................... 4.2 Displaying Trip Information....................... 4.18 Restoring a Driver’s Profile.......................... 4.2 Saved Driver Settings.................................... 4.2 Energy Usage Displaying Energy Usage............................ 4.19 Steering Wheel Driving Tips to Maximize Range.............. 4.19 Adjusting Position........................................... 4.3 Adjusting Sensitivity...................................... 4.3 Brakes Using Left Steering Wheel Buttons.......... 4.3 Braking Systems............................................ 4.20 Using Right Steering Wheel Buttons....... 4.4 Brake Wear..................................................... 4.20 Horn...................................................................... 4.4 Regenerative Braking.................................... 4.21 Parking Brake................................................... 4.21 Mirrors Adjusting Exterior Side Mirrors.................. 4.5 Traction Control Rear View Mirror.............................................. 4.5 How It Works................................................... 4.22 Starting and Powering Off Cruise Control Starting Model S.............................................. 4.6 Operating Cruise Control........................... 4.23 Powering Off..................................................... 4.6 Changing the Cruising Speed................... 4.23 Canceling and Resuming............................ 4.23 Gears Shifting Gears................................................... 4.7 Rear View Camera Leaving Model S in Neutral (Tow Mode) 4.7 Camera Location........................................... 4.24 Instrument Panel Instrument Panel Overview......................... 4.8 Indicator Lights................................................ 4.9 Lights Controlling Lights............................................ 4.11 Headlight High Beams.................................. 4.12 Headlights After Exit..................................... 4.13 Cornering Lights............................................. 4.13 Turn Signals...................................................... 4.14 Hazard Warning Flashers............................ 4.14 Wipers and Washers Wipers................................................................. 4.15 Washers............................................................. 4.15 Park Assist How Park Assist Works................................ 4.16 Visual and Audio Feedback....................... 4.16 Controlling Audible Feedback.................. 4.17 Limitations and False Warnings............... 4.17 Other Parking Aids........................................ 4.17 4.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Driver Profiles Driver Profiles DRIDrivVeIrN PGrofiles Creating a Driver Profile If Model S is equipped with the optional tech package, you only need to adjust Model S once. When you first adjust the driver’s seat, steering wheel, or driver’s side mirror, the touchscreen prompts you to create a driver profile. Your profile saves the position of the seat, steering wheel, and driver’s side mirror, as well as several other preferences you make using the touchscreen’s Settings window (Controls > Settings). You can also add a driver profile by touching Controls > Settings > Driver Profiles. Then enter the name of the driver and touch Create Profile. If you change the position of the steering wheel, driver’s seat, or driver’s side mirror after you have saved a profile, the touchscreen prompts you to save the new position or restore the previously saved position (other preferences are automatically saved). To use a setting without saving or restoring, just ignore the prompt. Restoring a Driver’s Profile To adjust Model S based on a driver’s profile, touch the driver profile icon, located to the left side of the Tesla “T” on the touchscreen’s status bar. Then choose the driver and the saved adjustments are automatically made. Saved Driver Settings To see what settings are associated with your driver profile, touch Controls > Settings > Driver Profiles. Then touch the See what’s saved link. A popup window displays the settings that are associated with a driver profile. These settings vary depending on the version of software currently running in Model S. 4.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Steering Wheel Steering Wheel Adjusting Position Using Left Steering Wheel Buttons Adjust the steering wheel to the desired driving Use the buttons on the left side of the steering position by moving the control on the left side wheel to change radio stations, control the of the steering column. media player’s volume, and control what displays on the left side of the instrument panel whenever the Navigation app is not displaying instructions. NOTE: The volume control on the steering wheel does not adjust spoken navigation instructions. To control the volume of navigation instructions, use the navigation window on the touchscreen (see page 5.19). WARNING: Do not make adjustments 1. Next while driving. Doing so increases the If you are listening to local radio and you likelihood of a collision. have defined more than one radio preset, (see page 5.12) press to play the next preset Adjusting Sensitivity in the radio band that is currently playing. If You can adjust the feel and sensitivity of the you have not defined more than one preset, steering system to suit your personal press to go to the next available frequency. preference: If you are listening to Internet radio, or to an audio file on a connected Bluetooth or USB 1. On the touchscreen, touch Controls. device, press to skip to the next song or 2. Choose a steering option: station. • Comfort - reduces the effort required to 2. Scroll Wheel turn the wheel. In town, Model S feels • To adjust the media volume, roll up or easier to drive and park. down. • Standard - Tesla believes that this setting • To mute the media volume, or to offers the best handling and response in pause/play an audio file, tap the wheel. all conditions. • Sport - Increases the effort required to • To choose what displays on the left side turn the wheel. When driving at higher of the instrument panel, press the scroll speeds, Model S feels more responsive. wheel to display the available options. Then roll the scroll wheel to browse The only way to really know which option you through the options. Tap the scroll wheel like best is to try them. when the option you want is selected. 3. Previous Same as described above for Next, except it skips to the previous song or station. NOTE: Regardless of how you customize the left side of the instrument panel, it automatically changes to display navigation instructions (if applicable), or to let you know if a door or trunk is open when Model S is in a driving gear. DRIVING 4.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Steering Wheel Steering Wheel Using Right Steering Wheel Buttons • Fan Speed - roll the wheel to adjust the Use the buttons on the right side of the steering speed of the fan used to cool or heat the wheel to control the phone and some Model S cabin. features, use voice commands, and customize • Display Brightness - roll the wheel to what Model S feature the right scroll wheel can change the brightness level of the control. displays, or press the wheel to restore default settings. NOTE: Regardless of how you customize the • Media Source Picker - roll the wheel to right side of the instrument panel, it control what Media Player is playing, or automatically displays the phone menu when press the wheel to add/remove the someone is calling you on a Bluetooth currently playing station or audio track as connected phone. a Favorite. • Sunroof (if equipped) - roll the wheel to adjust the position of the sunroof. Press the lower right button at any time to either exit a menu, or go back one level in the menu structure. 1. Phone Menu Horn During a phone call, press to display the To sound the horn, press the center pad on the phone menu, which gives you the option to steering wheel. mute, hold, or end the call. 2. Scroll Wheel • Roll the wheel up or down to choose an option from a menu. When the option you want is highlighted, press the wheel to select it. • Tap the wheel to select the function you have customized for it (see item 3). • To choose what displays on the right side of the instrument panel, press the wheel to display the available options. Then roll the wheel to browse through the options. Tap the scroll wheel when the option you want is selected. 3. Customize the Scroll Wheel/Exit a Menu Press and select Phone to browse through and select contacts and recent calls. Press and select Customize to associate the scroll wheel with a specific function. You can choose from: • All - roll the wheel to choose from all available functions (listed next). • Climate Temps - roll the wheel to change the temperature, or press the wheel to turn the climate control system on and off. 4.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Mirrors Mirrors Adjusting Exterior Side Mirrors Rear View Mirror Press the button associated with the mirror you Except when in Reverse gear, the rear view want to adjust (left or right), then press the dial mirror automatically dims in proportion to the to move the mirror to the desired position. level of glare from the headlights of a vehicle Repeat for the other side mirror. Touch SAVE on behind you. the touchscreen to save the mirror adjustment in your driver profile. To fold an exterior mirror, place your hand on the back of it and push it toward the door. If Model S is equipped with the optional tech package, the driver’s side mirror automatically dims in proportion to the level of glare from the headlights of a vehicle behind you (except when in Reverse gear). Also, both exterior side mirrors have heaters that turn on and off with the rear window heater. Mirror Auto-tilt When Reversing If Model S is equipped with the optional tech package, both exterior mirrors can automatically tilt downward when backing up. To adjust the auto-tilt position, shift into Reverse, then adjust the mirrors as described above (press the button associated with the mirror you want to adjust, then press the dial to move the mirror to the desired position). Touch SAVE on the touchscreen to save the mirror adjustment in your driver profile. When you shift back into Drive, the mirrors tilt back to their normal (upward) position. But now that you have adjusted them for backing up, they automatically tilt to the selected downward position whenever you shift into Reverse. You can turn the auto-tilt feature on or off using the touchscreen, Touch Controls > Settings > Mirror Auto-Tilt. DRIVING 4.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Starting and Powering Off Starting and Powering Off Starting and Powering Off Always keep the key with you. After driving, Starting Model S When you open a door, Model S powers on the you need it to restart Model S after it powers instrument panel and touchscreen. The center off. And when you leave Model S, you must circle on the instrument panel displays the bring it with you to lock Model S, either status of doors and the charge level, and you manually or automatically (see page 2.5). can operate all controls. To drive: Powering Off • PRESS THE BRAKE - the center circle on When you finish driving, shift into Park by the instrument panel changes to display the pressing the button on the end of the gear speedometer, power meter, charge level, selector. The parking brake automatically and selected gear (P, R, N, or D) engages and all systems keep operating. When • SELECT A GEAR - all the way down for you leave Model S with the key, it powers off Drive and all the way up for Reverse, automatically, turning off the touchscreen and instrument panel. Everything you need to know when driving Model S also powers off automatically after Model S displays on the instrument panel. being in Park for 15 minutes, even if you are sitting in the driver’s seat. Key Not Inside To power off Model S while you are still sitting If Model S does not detect a key when you in the driver’s seat, touch Controls > E-Brake & press the brake, the instrument panel displays a Power Off > Power Off. Model S automatically message telling you that a key was not powers back on again if you press the brake or detected. touch anywhere on the touchscreen. Place the key in the center console cup holder NOTE: Model S automatically shifts into Park where Model S can best detect it. whenever you finish driving and exit, even if you shift into Neutral before exiting. To keep Model S in Neutral, see page 4.7. If Model S still does not detect the key, try holding it against the center console, immediately below the 12V power socket (see page5.16). Or try using another key. If another key does not work, contact Tesla. A number of factors can affect whether ModelS can detect the key. These include a low battery in the key, interference from other devices using radio signals, and objects between the key and receiver. 4.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Gears Gears Park Shifting Gears When Model S is in Park, you must press the With Model S stopped, press the end of the brake to shift to another gear. gear selector. Whenever Model S is in Park, the Move the lever up or down to change gears. parking brake is applied. Model S automatically shifts into Park whenever you: • Open the driver’s door and exit. • Connect a charge cable. Leaving Model S in Neutral (Tow If you try to shift into a gear that the current Mode) driving speed prohibits, you hear a chime and Model S automatically shifts into Park the gear does not change. whenever you finish driving and exit Model S. To keep Model S in Neutral when you exit, Reverse allowing it to roll freely (for example, pulling Push the lever all the way up and release. You onto a transporter, etc.), activate Tow mode: can only shift into Reverse when Model S is 1. Shift into Park. stopped or moving less than 8 km/h. If moving 2. Press the brake pedal. less than 1.6 km/h, you must press the brake. 3. Touch Controls > E-Brake & Power Off > Neutral Tow Mode. Push the lever up or down to the first position Model S beeps, shifts into Neutral, and releases and release to shift into Neutral. Neutral allows the parking brake (if engaged). ModelS to roll freely. When Tow mode is active, Model S If Model S is in Park and you use the displays this indicator light on the touchscreen to release the parking brake instrument panel, along with a message (Controls > E-Brake & Power Off), Model S telling you that Model S will remain free rolling. shifts into Neutral (see page 4.21). NOTE: In Tow mode, Model S does not shift into Model S automatically shifts into Park when you a driving gear. To cancel Tow mode, shift into exit. To leave Model S in Neutral, use the Park or touch Tow mode again. Tow mode also touchscreen to engage Tow mode (see cancels if you use the touchscreen to apply the page4.7). parking brake (Controls > E-Brake & Power Off > Parking Brake). Drive Push the lever all the way down and release. You can shift into Drive when Model S is stopped or moving less than 8 km/h in Reverse. If Model S is moving less than 1.6 km/h, you must press the brake to shift into Drive. DRIVING 4.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Instrument Panel Instrument Panel Instrument Panel Instrument Panel Overview NOTE: The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version, and market region, the information displayed may be slightly different. 1. The center display changes depending on 6. Door lock status whether Model S is off or ready to drive. If 7. Odometer Model S is off, the center displays shows 8. Outside temperature remaining estimated range and status of 9. Range estimate doors. Pressing the brake powers Model S on—the indicator lights flash on for a The estimated range based on the amount of energy remaining in the Battery. You can specify how you want to display range by touching second and the center display shows Controls > Settings > Language & Units and choosing: speed, power, charge level, estimated • Rated - based on ECE R101 testing. • Ideal - assumes ideal driving conditions based on driving at a steady range (see item 9), and active gear. When speed of 89 km/h on a flat road, and using no additional energy (seat Model S is plugged in, the instrument heaters, air conditioning, etc). panel displays charging status (see NOTE: When anticipating when you need page6.8). to charge, use range estimates as a general guideline only. 2. Use the left steering wheel buttons to 10. Pay attention to alert messages that operate the audio system. You can also appear at the bottom center of the press and roll the scroll wheel to change instrument panel. If any alerts are in effect, what displays on the left side of the you can view information about them by instrument panel (see page 4.3). touching the alert icon (exclamation 3. Pay attention to important status mark) on the touchscreen’s status bar (the messages that display here. topmost area of the touchscreen). 4. All indicator lights flash on briefly when 11. Currently selected gear Park, Reverse, you press the brake to prepare to drive. Neutral, or Drive. They should then turn off, unless the light 12. Date and time applies to a current situation (see page4.9). 5. Use the right steering wheel buttons for voice commands, to handle telephone calls, and to control some features of ModelS. You can customize what features the scroll wheel can control (see page4.4). 4.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Instrument Panel Indicator Lights Indicator lights flash on briefly when you press the brake pedal to prepare for driving. Unless an indicator light applies to a current situation, they should turn off. If an indicator light fails to turn on or off, contact Tesla. In addition to indicator lights, alerts display on the top or bottom center of the instrument panel. If alerts are in effect, an alert icon (exclamation mark) displays on the top of the touchscreen. Touch this icon to display a description of the alert. Indicator Description Airbag safety. If this indicator does not flash on briefly when Model S prepares to drive, or if it remains on, contact Tesla immediately. See page 3.18. A seat belt is not fastened. See page 3.4. The front passenger’s air bag has been turned off using the touchscreen. Seepage3.17. Rear fog lights. See page 4.11. Parking lights (side marker lights, tail lights, and license plate lights) are on. Headlight low beams are on. Headlight high beams are on. See page 4.12. Electronic stability control systems are applying the brake to the relevant wheel to prevent slippage (light flashes). TC The traction control system has been disabled. See page 4.22. An Active Air Suspension fault is detected. Contact Tesla. See page 5.11. Active Air Suspension’s automatic self-leveling is disabled. In other words, Model S is in Jack mode and is ready to be lifted or pulled onto a transporter. Jack mode cancels when Model S is driven over 7 km/h. See page 5.11. The parking brake is manually applied. See page 4.21. A parking brake fault is detected. Contact Tesla. See page 4.21. DRIVING 4.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Instrument Panel Instrument Panel Indicator Description An ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) fault is detected. See page 4.20. Contact Tesla immediately. A brake system fault is detected or the brake fluid level is low. See page 4.20. Contact Tesla immediately. Tire pressure warning. The pressure of a tire is out of range. If a fault with the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) is detected, the indicator flashes. For a TPMS fault, contact Tesla. See page 7.3. A door or trunk is open. See page 2.4. Flashes green when the left turn signal is operating. Both turn signal indicators flash green when the hazard warning flashers are operating. Flashes green when the right turn signal is operating. Both turn signal indicators flash green when the hazard warning flashers are operating. Model S is in Tow mode and can roll freely. It does not automatically shift into Park when you exit. See page 9.3. 4.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Lights Lights Controlling Lights Touch Controls on the bottom left corner of the touchscreen to control most of the lights. In addition to the lights that you can control from the touchscreen, Model S has convenience lights that turn on and off automatically based on what you are doing. For example, you will notice interior lights, marker lights, tail lights, door handle lights, and puddle lights that turn on when you unlock Model S, when you open a door, and when you shift into Park. They turn off automatically after a minute or two or when you shift into a driving gear or lock Model S. DRIVING 4.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Lights Lights 1. If DOME lights are set to AUTO, interior 0 Headlights are not lowered. No dome (map) lights turn on when you unlock change is needed when all front and ModelS, open a door upon exiting, or shift rear seats are occupied and only into Park. They turn off after 60 seconds, the front trunk is laden. when you lock Model S, or when you shift into a driving gear. 1 Headlights are lowered one or two You can also turn an individual dome light 2 levels. Suitable when the front and on or off by pressing its lens. If you rear seats are occupied and the rear manually turn a dome light on, it turns off trunk is laden. For more details on when ModelS powers off. If Model S was vehicle loading, see page 8.3. already powered off when you manually NOTE: Headlight adjustments are not turned the light on, it turns off after 60 available if Model S is equipped with Active minutes. Air Suspension because Model S levels automatically. 5. Exterior lights are set to AUTO each time you start Model S. AUTO All exterior lights (headlights, tail lights, position lights, and license plate lights) automatically turn on when driving in low lighting conditions. These lights always revert to AUTO on your next drive, regardless of any other 2. If you turn on AMBIENT lights, the lights on setting that you selected when it the door armrests turn on whenever the was previously driven. headlights are on. NOTE: When set to AUTO, 3. Touch FOG to turn the rear fog lights on or headlights operate based on off. lighting conditions, particularly at The Rear Fog indicator displays on dawn and dusk. A blue sky, with the instrument panel whenever rear the sun located low on the fog lights are on. horizon, can cause the lights to The fog lights operate only when the switch on. headlights are on. Whenever headlights are Touch one of these options to temporarily turned off, fog lights also turn off. change the exterior light setting: 4. If your Model S is equipped with a coil OFF Headlights, tail lights, and license suspension system, you can adjust the plate lights turn off until you angle of the headlights to accommodate manually turn them back on or the load you are carrying. You may need to until the next time you drive lower the angle of the headlights to avoid ModelS. Only the daytime running blinding oncoming drivers in situations lights (front) are on. when you are carrying a significant amount The daytime running lights, the of weight in the rear trunk. After touching rear position lights, and the LEVEL, drag the slider to the desired license plate lights are on. position: All exterior lights (headlights, tail lights, position lights, and license plate lights) turn on. 4.12 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 13 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Lights Headlight High Beams Cornering Lights Push the left-hand steering column lever away If Model S is equipped with the optional tech from you. To cancel, pull the lever toward you. package, LED cornering lights broaden the beam of the headlights whenever you drive through a corner at 40 km/h or slower. The high beam indicator displays on the instrument panel whenever high beams are on. To flash the headlight high beams, pull the lever fully toward you and release. Headlights After Exit When you stop driving and park Model S in low lighting conditions, the exterior lights automatically turn on. They automatically turn off after two minutes or when you lock Model S. You can turn this feature on and off using the touchscreen. Touch Controls > Settings > Vehicle > Headlights After Exit. DRIVING 4.13

book.book Page 14 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Lights Lights Turn Signals Hazard Warning Flashers Move the left-hand steering column lever up Press the switch located to the left of the (before turning right) or down (before turning touchscreen to turn on the hazard warning left). flashers. All turn signals flash. Press again to turn off. The turn signals stop operating when canceled by the steering wheel, or when you return the lever to the central position. The corresponding turn signal indicator displays on the instrument panel when a turn signal is operating. You also hear a clicking sound. NOTE: Hazard warning flashers operate even Lane Change Flash without a recognized key nearby. To indicate a lane change, quickly press the lever up or down against the spring pressure, then release. The corresponding turn signal flashes three times. 4.14 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 15 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wipers and Washers Wipers and Washers Wipers Washers To wipe the windshield, rotate the end of the Press and hold the button on the end of the left-hand steering column lever away from you. left-hand steering column lever to spray washer You can choose from four levels: fluid onto the windshield. The wipers turn on. • 1st: Auto with low rain sensitivity.* • 2nd: Auto with high rain sensitivity.* • 3rd: Continuous, slow. • 4th: Continuous, high. When you release, the wipers turn off after wiping the windshield a couple more times. Periodically top up washer fluid (see page 7.18). De-icing Washer Nozzles For a single wipe, press and release the end of If Model S is equipped with the cold weather the lever. option, washer nozzles have de-icers that turn If the wipers are set to Auto and the sensor on whenever the ambient temperature nears detects no water, the wipers do not wipe. freezing, or when you turn on the heated wipers When you operate the wipers, headlights (Controls > Cold Weather > Heated Wipers). automatically turn on (if they are not on The washer de-icers turn off when the heated already). wipers turn off (after 15 minutes), provided the *Model S has a rain sensor located on the inside temperature is warm enough to prevent of the windshield at the base of the interior freezing. mirror. When wipers are set to Auto, the frequency at which they wipe depends on how much water the sensor detects. When wipers are set to the 2nd level, the sensor is more sensitive. To extend the life of wiper blades, remove ice from the windshield before turning wipers on. Ice has sharp edges that can damage the rubber on the blades. Periodically check and clean the edge of the wiper blade. If damaged, replace the blade immediately. For details on checking replacing wiper blades, see page 7.15. CAUTION: In harsh climates, ensure that the wiper blades are not frozen or adhered to the windshield. De-icing Wipers If Model S is equipped with the cold weather option, you can de-ice wipers by touching Controls > Cold Weather > Heated Wipers. This control heats the wipers for 15 minutes and then automatically turns off. DRIVING 4.15

book.book Page 16 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Park Assist Park Assist Park Assist objects that are moving, protruding, located How Park Assist Works If Model S is equipped with the Park Assist too far above or below the sensors, or too close option, both the front and rear bumpers include or too far from the sensors. Park Assist is for four sensors. When moving slowly in Drive or guidance purposes only and is not intended to Reverse, the sensors alert you if an object is replace your own direct visual checks for detected close to the front or rear bumper, obstructions or objects. It is not a substitute for respectively. careful driving. Visual and Audio Feedback Whenever Model S is moving slowly in Reverse or Drive at a speed of less than 4.8 km/h, the left side of the instrument panel provides feedback to alert you if an object is detected near the corresponding back or front bumper. When reversing, visual feedback also displays on the touchscreen, immediately below the camera view (see page 4.24). If chimes are turned on (see page 4.17), an audible beep sounds as you approach an object. You can temporarily mute the chime by pressing the scroll wheel on the left side of the steering wheel. Model S detects an object within about 120 cm in Drive, and about 160 cm of the When driving less than 4.8 km/h, the sensors rear bumper in Reverse. are activated. The chime starts to beep (if enabled). As Model S moves closer to the object, the yellow zone and the approximate distance from the object displays. WARNING: Never depend on Park Assist When Model S detects to inform you if an area you are the object within about approaching is free of objects and/or people. 40cm of the front Several external factors can reduce the bumper in Drive, and performance of Park Assist, causing either no about 30 cm of the rear readings or false readings (see page 4.17). bumper in Reverse, the Therefore, depending on Park Assist to red zone and a stop determine if Model S is approaching an advisory displays. The obstruction can result in damage to the vehicle chime’s beep changes to and/or objects, and can cause serious injury to a higher pitch. people. Always inspect the area with your own eyes. When reversing, perform shoulder checks If a sensor is unable to provide feedback, the and use all mirrors. Park assist does not detect instrument panel displays an alert message. children, pedestrians, bicyclists, animals, or 4.16 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 17 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Park Assist CAUTION: Keep sensors clean from dirt, Other Parking Aids debris, snow, and ice. Avoid using a high In addition to Park Assist, when shifted into pressure power washer on the sensors Reverse gear, the backup camera displays a and do not clean a sensor with a sharp or view of the area behind Model S. See abrasive object that can scratch or page4.24. damage its surface. CAUTION: Do not install accessories or stickers on or near the parking sensors. Controlling Audible Feedback You can use Park Assist with or without audible feedback. To turn chimes on or off, touch Controls > Settings > Safety & Security > Park Assist Chimes. You can also mute the chimes temporarily by pressing the scroll wheel on the left side of the steering wheel. The chimes are muted until you shift into a different gear or drive over 4.8 km/h. Limitations and False Warnings The parking sensors may not function correctly in these situations: • One or more of the parking sensors is damaged, dirty, or covered (such as mud, ice, or snow). • Object is located below approximately 20cm (such as a curb or low barrier). • Weather conditions (heavy rain, snow, or fog) are interfering with sensor operation. • Object is thin (such as a sign post). • A sensor’s operating range has been exceeded. • Object is sound-absorbing or soft (such as powder snow). • Object is sloped (such as a sloped embankment). • Model S has been parked in, or is being driven in, extremely hot or cold temperatures. • The sensors are affected by other electrical equipment or devices that generate ultrasonic waves. • Object is located too close to the bumper. • A bumper is misaligned or damaged. • An object that is mounted to Model S is interfering with and/or obstructing the sensor (such as a bike rack or a bumper sticker). DRIVING 4.17

book.book Page 18 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Trip Information Trip Information Trip Information Displaying Trip Information Trip information displays on the touchscreen , when you touch Controls > Trips. There are two trip meters available, A and B. To reset a particular trip meter, touch its associated RESET. NOTE: You can also display range and trip information on the instrument panel (see page4.3). 4.18 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 19 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Energy Usage Energy Usage Displaying Energy Usage Driving Tips to Maximize Range Touch the Energy app on the top of the Maximizing your driving range uses the same touchscreen to display a graph showing driving habits that you use to conserve fuel in a how much energy Model S has been gasoline-powered vehicle. using. Energy consumption depends on driving habits The graph visually shows energy consumption and environmental conditions (such as cold and projected range. The projected range is weather and hilly roads). To get the maximum based on consumption over the last tenth of a mileage from a charge, you should: mile. • Keep in mind that driving at high speeds (such as on a freeway) decreases range. • Avoid frequent and rapid acceleration. • Instead of using the brake to slow down, move your foot off the accelerator. Whenever Model S is moving and your foot is off the accelerator, regenerative braking slows down Model S and feeds surplus energy back to the Battery (see page 4.21). • Keep tires at the recommended inflation pressures (see page 7.3). • Lighten your load by removing any unnecessary cargo. Heavy acceleration and high speed driving • Limit the use of resources such as heating cause peaks on the graph as Model S uses more and air conditioning. Using seat heaters to energy. Slowing down causes dips. Points at keep warm is more efficient than heating which more energy was gained than used the cabin. (causing surplus energy to be regenerated and The power meter on the instrument panel and fed back to the battery) are shown in green. the Energy app (see page 4.19) provide To change the graph’s scale, use standard feedback on energy usage. With this feedback, touchscreen finger gestures to pinch or expand you will soon become familiar with how driving the display. You can show the energy used over habits and environmental conditions impact the past 10, 25, or 50 km. You can also change how much energy Model S is using. the graph’s scale by touching Controls > Settings > Apps > Energy. NOTE: You can also display this graph on the instrument panel by using the scroll button on the steering wheel (see page 4.3). DRIVING 4.19

book.book Page 20 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Brakes Brakes Brakes Emergency Braking Braking Systems Model S has an anti-lock braking system (ABS) In an emergency, fully press the brake pedal that prevents the wheels from locking when and maintain firm pressure, even on low you apply maximum brake pressure. This traction surfaces. ABS varies the braking improves steering control during heavy braking pressure to each wheel according to the in most road conditions. amount of traction available. This prevents During emergency braking conditions, the ABS wheels from locking and ensures that you stop constantly monitors the speed of each wheel as safely as possible. and varies the brake pressure according to the WARNING: Do not pump the brake pedal. grip available. Doing so interrupts operation of the ABS The alteration of brake pressure can be felt as a and can increase braking distance. pulsing sensation through the brake pedal. This WARNING: Always maintain a safe demonstrates that ABS is operating and is not distance from the vehicle in front of you a cause for concern. Keep firm and steady and be aware of hazardous driving conditions. pressure on the brake pedal while experiencing While ABS can improve stopping distance, it the pulsing. cannot overcome the laws of physics. It also The ABS indicator flashes briefly on the does not prevent the danger of hydroplaning instrument panel when you first start (where a layer of water prevents direct contact ModelS. If this indicator displays at any between the tires and the road). other time, an ABS fault has occurred and ABS is not operating. Contact Tesla. Brake Wear The braking system remains fully Model S brake pads are equipped with wear operational and is not affected by an indicators. A wear indicator is a thin metal strip ABS failure. However, braking distances attached to the brake pad that squeals as it may increase. rubs against the rotor when the pad wears If the instrument panel displays this down. This squealing sound indicates that the indicator at any time other than brake pads have reached the end of their displaying briefly when you first start service life and require replacement. To stop Model S, a brake system fault is the squealing, contact Tesla Service. detected or the brake fluid level is low. Brakes must be periodically inspected visually Contact Tesla immediately. by removing the tire and wheel. For detailed specifications and service limits for rotors and brake pads, see page 8.6. WARNING: Neglecting to replace worn brake pads will result in damage to the braking system and can create a braking hazard. 4.20 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 21 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Brakes Regenerative Braking Parking Brake Whenever ModelS is moving and your foot is The parking brake automatically engages off the accelerator, regenerative braking slows whenever you shift Model S into Park, and down ModelS and feeds any surplus energy releases whenever you shift into any other gear. back to the Battery. By anticipating your stops and simply removing your foot from the accelerator to slow down, you can take advantage of regenerative braking to increase driving range. Of course, this is no substitute for regular braking when needed for safety. NOTE: If regenerative braking is aggressively NOTE: The parking brake operates on the rear slowing Model S, such as on a steep descent, wheels only, and is independent of the brake lights turn on to alert other road users foot-operated brake system. that you are slowing down. Use the touchscreen to manually release the The power meter on the instrument panel parking brake (which also shifts Model S into displays real-time feedback on the amount of Neutral): energy being gained by regenerative braking. 1. Touch Controls > E-Brake & Power Off. The amount of energy fed back to the Battery 2. Press the brake pedal, then touch Parking using regenerative braking can depend on the Brake. If Model S was previously in Park, it current state of the Battery and the charge shifts into Neutral. level setting that you are using. If regenerative braking is limited, a dashed yellow line displays The parking brake indicator displays on on the power meter. For example, regenerative the instrument panel whenever you use braking may be limited if the Battery is the touchscreen to manually apply the extremely hot or cold because the surplus parking brake. energy is used to cool or heat the Battery. If an electrical issue occurs with the Regenerative braking is also limited if the parking brake, an amber parking brake Battery is already fully charged. fault message displays at the top center of the touchscreen. To Set the Regenerative Braking Level CAUTION: In the unlikely event that You can use the touchscreen to change the ModelS loses electrical power, you level of regenerative braking: cannot release the parking brake. 1. Touch Controls. 2. Choose from two levels: • Standard - provides the maximum amount of regenerative braking. When you release the accelerator, Model S slows down faster, reducing the need to use the brakes. • Low - limits the amount of regenerative braking. When you release the accelerator, Model S takes longer to slow down and coasts further. NOTE: Regenerative braking resets to Standard each time you start Model S. DRIVING 4.21

book.book Page 22 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Traction Control Traction Control Traction Control How It Works The traction control system constantly monitors the difference in speed between the front and rear wheels. If Model S experiences a loss of traction, the traction control system minimizes wheel spin by controlling brake pressure and motor power. The electronic stability control indicator displays on the instrument panel whenever the traction control system is actively controlling brake pressure and motor power. WARNING: Traction control does not prevent accidents caused by driving dangerously or turning too sharply at high speeds. Turning Off Under normal conditions, you should leave traction control on. Turn it off only in circumstances where you deliberately want the wheels to spin, such as: • Starting on a loose surface, such as gravel or snow. • Driving in deep snow, sand or mud. • Rocking out of a hole or deep rut. To turn traction control off, touch Controls > Driving > Traction Control > Off. The Traction Control Off indicator TC displays at the top center of the touchscreen whenever the traction control system is turned off. Although traction control turns on again automatically the next time you start Model S, turn it on using the touchscreen as soon as the circumstances that required you to turn it off have passed. 4.22 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 23 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Cruise Control Cruise Control Operating Cruise Control Changing the Cruising Speed Cruise control makes it easy for you to maintain Move the cruise control lever up (increase) or a consistent speed without holding your foot down (decrease). on the accelerator. This is useful when driving at the same speed over a long distance. You must be driving over 32 km/h to operate cruise control. WARNING: Do not use cruise control on winding or slippery road surfaces, or when traffic conditions make it unsafe to drive at a consistent speed. To operate cruise control: 1. When driving over 32 km/h, touch the end • Push the lever up/down to the first position of the cruise control lever. The light on the and release to increase/decrease speed by lever turns on. 1mph. • Push the lever up/down to the second position and release to increase/decrease speed by 8 km/h. • Hold the lever up or down to increase/decrease the speed in 3 km/h 2. Accelerate until you reach your desired increments until your desired speed is cruising speed. reached. 3. Move the cruise control lever up or down, NOTE: It may take a few seconds for Model S to then release. reach the new cruising speed. If you decrease the set speed to less than 32 km/h, cruise control cancels and the set speed clears. Canceling and Resuming Cruise control cancels automatically if you: • Press the brake. The instrument panel displays the Cruise On • Drive below 32 km/h. message above the speedometer and a white • Shift out of Drive. arrow on the speedometer shows your set speed. To cancel cruise control manually, briefly push the cruise control lever away from you. The message on the instrument panel turns off, but the set speed remains displayed until Model S powers off. To resume cruising at the previously set speed, briefly pull the cruise control lever toward you. Cruise control resumes only if driving over 32 km/h. You can accelerate at any time when driving at a set speed in cruise control. But when you release the accelerator, your speed returns to the set speed. WARNING: Driving downhill can increase driving speed, causing Model S to exceed your set speed. DRIVING 4.23

book.book Page 24 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Rear View Camera Rear View Camera Rear View Camera Cleaning the Camera Camera Location Model S is equipped with a rear view camera To ensure a clear picture, keep the camera lens located above the rear license plate. clean and free of obstructions. Remove any buildup of dirt by occasionally wiping the camera lens with a soft damp cloth. CAUTION: Do not use chemical-based or abrasive cleaners that can scour the surface of the camera lens. Whenever you shift into Reverse, the touchscreen displays the view from the camera. NOTE: If Model S is equipped with the optional Park Assist feature, visual feedback from the parking sensors displays below the camera image. See page 4.16. WARNING: The camera may not detect overhanging objects or barriers that can potentially cause damage or injury. 4.24 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM USING THE TOUCHSCREEN Touchscreen Overview Security Settings The Big Picture.................................................. 5.2 About the Security System........................ 5.22 Touchscreen - Controls HomeLink® Universal Transceiver Controlling Model S Features..................... 5.4 About HomeLink®.......................................... 5.23 Programming HomeLink............................. 5.23 Touchscreen - Settings Customizing Model S..................................... 5.6 Software Updates Loading New Software................................ 5.24 Climate Controls Viewing Release Notes................................ 5.24 Overview of Climate Controls..................... 5.8 Customizing Climate Control...................... 5.9 Mobile App Ventilation......................................................... 5.10 Model S Mobile App...................................... 5.25 Climate Control Operating Tips................ 5.10 Active Air Suspension Automatic Height Adjustments................. 5.11 Manual Height Adjustments........................ 5.11 Jack Mode.......................................................... 5.11 Media and Audio Overview............................................................ 5.12 AM and FM Radio Services......................... 5.13 DAB Radio Services...................................... 5.13 Internet Radio.................................................. 5.14 Media Settings................................................. 5.14 Favorites............................................................ 5.15 My Music & Devices....................................... 5.15 USB Connections............................................ 5.16 12V Power Socket........................................... 5.16 Phone Bluetooth® Compatibility............................. 5.17 Pairing a Bluetooth Phone.......................... 5.17 Importing Contacts........................................ 5.17 Unpairing a Bluetooth Phone.................... 5.17 Connecting to a Paired Phone.................. 5.18 Making a Phone Call...................................... 5.18 Receiving a Phone Call................................. 5.18 In Call Options................................................. 5.18 Maps Using Maps........................................................ 5.19 Navigation Navigation Overview................................... 5.20 Starting Navigation....................................... 5.20 During Navigation.......................................... 5.21 5.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen Overview Touchscreen Overview USITouNchG TscrHeenE T OvOUCerHSvieCwREEN The Big Picture The main components of the touchscreen are shown here. To manually control the brightness and contrast, touch Controls > Displays. When set to Auto, the touchscreen changes between Day and Night brightness depending on ambient lighting conditions. NOTE: The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version and market region, your touchscreen may appear slightly different. 5.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen Overview 1. Status bar 3. Main viewing area The top line displays status symbols and The main viewing area changes depending provides shortcuts to Charging, HomeLink, on the app you have chosen (in the Driver Profiles, vehicle information (the example, the Nav and Media apps are Tesla “T”), software update notifications, displayed). For some apps (such as Nav and Bluetooth® and the passenger airbag Web), you can zoom in and out using setting. The status symbols show current standard touchcreen finger gestures. temperature, network signal strength, 4. Maximize/minimize app Bluetooth, passenger airbag status, and Touch the small rectangle to expand the time. If an alert icon (exclamation mark) is associated app to fill the entire main displayed, touch it to see warning messages viewing area (some apps are not that are in effect. expandable). Touch again to display two NOTE: Time is automatically set over the apps in half-screen view. mobile network. To change the units used 5. Controls o o to display temperature (C or F ) and time Touch to access all Model S controls and (12- or 24- hour format), touch Controls > settings (doors, locks, lights, etc). Settings > Language & Units. 2. Apps 6. Climate controls (see page 5.9). There are several ways to display an app in 7. Volume control the main viewing area: Touch the up and down arrows to increase • Tap the app’s icon to display it in the top or decrease the volume of the speakers. viewing area. If the app is already You can also adjust the volume using the displayed, a second tap displays it in scroll wheel on the left side of the steering full-screen view (only some apps have a wheel. full-screen mode). NOTE: When you open a door to enter • Drag the app’s icon directly onto the top Model S, Media Player begins playing or bottom viewing area. whatever was playing when you exited. The • Touch and hold the app’s icon to display volume is low until you sit down and close a popup that lets you choose whether to the driver’s door, at which point, the volume display the app in the top or bottom of ramps up to the previously set level. Then the main viewing area. again, when you open the door to exit, the volume lowers. When the last door is Media. See page 5.12. closed, Media Player stops playing. 8. Reverse the position of the two currently displayed apps. Nav. See page 5.20. WARNING: Do not read the touchscreen while driving. Doing so increases the likelihood of a collision. Everything you need to Energy. See page 4.19. know when driving is displayed on the instrument panel. Web. Access the Internet using the web browser. Camera. Display the area behind Model S. This area also displays automatically whenever you shift into Reverse. See page 4.24. Phone. See page 5.18. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen - Controls Touchscreen - Controls Touchscreen - Controls Controlling Model S Features Touch Controls on the bottom left corner of the touchscreen to control and customize all main features of Model S. NOTE: The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version and market region, your touchscreen may appear slightly different. 5.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen - Controls 1. Close 4. Cold Weather Touch the circled X in the top left of a If Model S is equipped with the cold window to close it. You can also touch weather option, you can control all seat anywhere outside the window to close it. heaters and the heated wipers. Note that 2. Sunroof you can also control the front driver and If Model S is equipped with a sunroof, touch passenger seats using the main climate to adjust its position (see page 2.12). control panel located on the bottom of the 3. Driving touchscreen (see page 5.8). • Suspension 5. Trips If Model S is equipped with Active Air View and reset the trip meters that Suspension, touch to manually raise or summarize how far you have driven (see lower Model S (see page 5.11). You must page4.18). press the brake pedal before you can 6. Displays change suspension settings. Active Air Manually control the touchscreen’s Suspension causes Model S to self-level, brightness and control its day (light even when powered off. Therefore, when background) or night (dark background) lifting or towing, you must disable setting. When set to Auto, the touchscreen self-leveling (see pages 7.23 and 9.3). automatically changes between Day and • Steering mode Night brightness depending on the ambient Adjust the amount of effort required to lighting conditions. turn the steering wheel. Sport feels more 7. E-Brake & Power Off responsive whereas Comfort feels easier You can manually: to drive and park (see page 4.3). • Apply and release the parking brake • Regenerative braking (page 4.20). When you release the accelerator when • Power off (see page 4.6). driving, regenerative braking slows • Keep Model S in Neutral by activating ModelS and feeds any surplus energy Tow Mode (see page 9.3). back to the Battery. If set to Low, Model S 8. Doors & locks (see page 2.4) does not slow down as quickly, but you 9. Control lights (see page 4.11) may experience less range (see page4.21). WARNING: Do not read the touchscreen NOTE: Regardless of the setting, the while driving. Doing so increases the energy gained by regenerative braking is likelihood of a collision. Everything you need to reduced if the Battery is full, or if it is know when driving is displayed on the extremely cold or hot (the surplus energy instrument panel. is used to heat or cool the Battery). • Traction Control If you turn off Traction Control, a warning message displays on the instrument panel. The off setting stays in effect for the current drive only (see page 4.22). • Creep When on, Model S slowly moves forward when in Drive and backward in Reverse when you release the brake (similar to a conventional vehicle with an automatic transmission). You can only adjust this setting when Model S is in Park. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen - Settings Touchscreen - Settings Touchscreen - Settings Customizing Model S Touch the Settings tab on the Controls window to adjust Model S to suit your preferences. NOTE: The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version, and market region, the information displayed may be slightly different. For example, on U.S. vehicles, the “Language & UnitsŽ tab is called “Units & Format.Ž 5.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Touchscreen - Settings 1. Adjust settings associated with installed • Mirror Auto-Tilt: If on, exterior mirrors tilt apps (applications). Apps that have no downward when reversing (see settings that you can adjust at this time are page4.5). Available only if Model S is grayed out. equipped with the optional tech package. 2. Create driver profiles (see page 4.2) • Headlights After Exit: If on, headlights 3. Language & Units stay on for two minutes after you exit, or Adjust how Model S displays: until you lock Model S (see page 4.13). • Language: Set the language used when • Range Mode: If on, Model S conserves ModelS displays alerts, notification energy by limiting the power of the messages, and navigation instructions (if climate control system. Cabin heating and equipped). cooling may be less effective. NOTE: When you change the language, 5. Safety & Security you experience a brief delay as Model S Turn various safety and security features on shuts down and restarts the touchscreen. and off: • Region: Choose a region to define the • Passenger Airbag (see page 3.17). formatting convention used to display • Alarm, and security options Model S is dates (mm dd yy/dd-mm-yy, etc) and equipped with (see page 5.22). decimal separators (5.123, 5,123, etc). • Remote access by Tesla’s mobile • Distance: Miles or kms can be shown on applications (see page 5.25). the range display, speedometer, energy 6. HomeLink chart, trip meters, Google map searches Use HomeLink to control RF-enabled and navigation routes. garage doors, lights, or security systems • Time: 12 or 24 hour format. (see page 5.23). o o • Temperature: F or C. WARNING: Do not read the touchscreen • Charging Units: Display energy (kWh) or while driving. Doing so increases the distance (miles/kms). likelihood of a collision. Everything you need to • Range: Rated range (based on ECE R101 know when driving is displayed on the testing), or Ideal range (based on the instrument panel. assumption of driving in ideal conditions at a steady speed of 89 km/h on a flat road, and using no additional energy (seat heaters, air conditioning, etc). 4. Vehicle • Drive-away Door Lock: If on, all doors automatically lock whenever you drive Model S over 8 km/h (see page 2.5). • Walk-away Door Lock: If on, all doors automatically lock when you walk away from ModelS, carrying the key with you (see page 2.5). Available only if Model S is equipped with the optional tech package. • Child-Protection Locks: If on, safety locks prevent the rear doors and the liftgate from being opened from inside ModelS. • Auto-Present Handles: If on, door handles extend automatically whenever you approach ModelS carrying a key, whether locked or unlocked (see page2.4. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Climate Controls Climate Controls Climate Controls Overview of Climate Controls The climate controls are always available at the bottom of the touchscreen. By default, climate control is set to Auto On, which maintains optimum comfort in all but the most severe weather conditions. When you adjust the temperature, the system automatically adjusts the heating, air conditioning, air distribution, air circulation, and fan speed to maintain your selected temperature. To override these settings, touch Auto On (see page 5.9). The fan, heating, and air conditioning systems are powered by the Battery. Therefore, prolonged use decreases driving range. NOTE: The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only. Depending on vehicle options, software version, and settings, the information displayed may be slightly different. 1. The front seats are equipped with heating 4. The windshield defroster distributes air flow pads that operate at three levels from 3 to the windshield and operates the heating (highest) to 1 (lowest). and fan at their maximum level. Touch once When operating, the indicator turns red and for Normal Defrost (icon turns blue). Touch displays the setting number. twice for Max Defrost (icon turns red). NOTE: If Model S is equipped with the cold When on, touch again to turn off and weather option, the three rear seats also restore the air distribution, heating, and fan have seat heaters and all seat heaters can to their previous settings. be controlled by touching Controls > Cold 5. Turn climate control system on/off. Weather. 6. The rear window defroster warms up the NOTE: Seat heaters use less Battery energy rear window* for 15 minutes, then than the climate control system. automatically shuts off. 2. Touch the up or down arrow to set the cabin *If Model S is equipped with the optional temperature (from LO, 17° C to HI, 32° C). To tech package, exterior side mirrors are also apply a temperature setting to both the heated. driver and passenger side at the same time, WARNING: To avoid burns resulting from touch SYNC TEMP on the temperature prolonged use, individuals who have popup that appears when you touch an peripheral neuropathy, or whose capacity to arrow. feel pain is limited because of diabetes, age, NOTE: You can display temperature in neurological injury, or some other condition, o o should exercise caution when using the climate either F or C (Controls > Settings > Language & Units). control system and seat heaters. 3. Automatic/Manual climate control (see page5.9). 5.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Climate Controls Customizing Climate Control The climate control system is designed to automatically provide optimum comfort in most situations. All you need to do is set the desired temperature, and the air conditioning, air recirculation, air distribution, and fan speed automatically maintain your selected temperature. To override the automatic setting, touch Auto On to view the individual settings. Then touch the setting you want to change. When you change a setting, the Auto On icon turns from blue to gray and Reset Auto is displayed instead. 3. Touch one of these icons to specify how air is drawn into Model S: Outside air is drawn into Model S (see page 5.10). Although less efficient than recirculating the air in very hot or low climate conditions, this setting draws more air into the rear seating areas, and is recommended when occupants are seated in the Tesla built in rear facing child seats. Air inside Model S is recirculated. This prevents outside air (traffic fumes) from entering but reduces dehumidifying and cooling performance. Recirculating the air is the most efficient way to cool the front cabin area but it is also the loudest. To prevent the windshield from fogging in some conditions, 1. Touch Reset Auto to change all settings briefly change the setting every hour back to the their default values. to draw in outside air. 2. Touch A/C On or A/C off to turn the air 4. Touch one of these icons to select where air conditioning on and off, respectively. flows. You can choose more than one Turning it off reduces cooling, and also location: reduces the power used by the Battery. Because Model S runs much quieter than a Foot-level vents gasoline-powered vehicle, you may notice the sound of the compressor as it is Face-level vents operating. To minimize noise, reduce the fan speed or recirculate the air. NOTE: Turning off air conditioning can Windshield vents cause the windows to fog in some climate conditions. 5. Touch and drag the slider to set the speed of the fan. NOTE: In high temperatures, it is more efficient to operate the fan at a higher speed. Doing so reduces the amount of power needed by the air conditioning system. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Climate Controls Climate Controls Ventilation Climate Control Operating Tips Outside air is drawn into Model S through the • If the climate control system operates more grill in front of the windshield. Keep the grill loudly than you prefer, reduce the fan speed clear of obstructions such as leaves and snow. or adjust the air flow to draw in outside air To direct the flow of air inside Model S, move (instead of recirculating). the interior vents up, down, or from side to side. • In addition to cooling the interior, the air conditioning system also cools the Battery. Therefore, in hot weather, the air conditioning system can turn on even if you turned it off. This is normal because the system’s priority is to cool the Battery to ensure it stays within an optimum temperature range to support long life and optimum performance. • To ensure the climate control system operates efficiently, close all windows and ensure that the exterior grill in front of the windshield is free of ice, snow, leaves, and other debris. • To reduce the time it takes to reach a comfortable temperature in hot weather, NOTE: You can direct the outer face level vents drive with the windows slightly open for a toward the side windows to help defrost or few minutes when you first start driving. defog them. • In very humid conditions, it is normal for the windshield to fog slightly when you first Cabin Air Filter turn on the air conditioning. This fog clears Model S has an air filter that prevents pollen, within a few seconds. industrial fallout, road dust and other particles • It is normal for a small pool of water to form from entering through the vents. under Model S when parked. Extra water Tesla replaces the air filter every 40,000 km. produced by the dehumidifying process is drained underneath. 5.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Active Air Suspension Active Air Suspension • High - The suspension raises 23 mm above Automatic Height Adjustments If Model S is equipped with Active Air its normal height. Useful for extra ground Suspension, the system adjusts the height clearance (ramps, speed bumps, etc). based on driving speed. It also maintains a level • Standard - The default height. This setting height between the front and rear when ensures optimum comfort and handling carrying loads. under all loading conditions. NOTE: When Model S starts, you might hear the • Low - The suspension lowers 20 mm below sound of a compressor as the system’s its normal height. Useful for loading or reservoir fills with air. unloading cargo and passengers. If Model S is moving, Active Air Suspension adjusts height as follows: • Whenever you drive between 90 and 115 km/h, the suspension lowers to Low to improve aerodynamics and handling. When your driving slows to less than 65 km/h, the suspension raises back to Standard. • Whenever you drive over 115 km/h, the suspension immediately lowers to Low. • Whenever you drive at a speed less than 40km/h, the suspension immediately raises to Standard. • If you set the suspension to Low, then drive over 7 km/h, the suspension reverts to Standard. • If you set the suspension to Very High, then NOTE: Available settings depend on your drive over 15 km/h, the suspension lowers driving speed and other conditions. For to High. example, the suspension does not lower if a • If you set the suspension to High, then drive door is open. over 30 km/h, the suspension lowers to Standard. Jack Mode After driving, the height of the suspension Before jacking or lifting, set the suspension to periodically levels, even when Model S is Jack mode to prevent the self-leveling that powered off. occurs even when Model S is powered off. If a fault is detected with the air Press the brake pedal, then touch suspension system, a yellow indicator Controls > Jack. displays on the instrument panel. If the problem persists, contact Tesla. When Model S is in Jack mode, a red air suspension indicator displays on the Manual Height Adjustments instrument panel. CAUTION: Before adjusting the To deactivate, touch Jack again. suspension height, ensure Model S is NOTE: Jack mode automatically cancels when clear of all obstacles above and below. you drive over 7 km/h. Use the touchscreen to manually change the height of Model S. Press the brake pedal and touch Controls. Then choose from: • Very High - The suspension raises 33 mm above its normal height. Useful for extra ground clearance (ramps, speed bumps, etc). USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Media and Audio Media and Audio Media and Audio Overview Touch the Media icon to listen to the radio or play audio files. The touchscreen displays the Media Player. Use the Browse tab to select what you want to play and use the Now Playing tab to view and control what is currently playing. You can play AM, FM radio, and DAB radio (if Model S is equipped with the optional sound package). You can also play Internet radio, and audio files from a connected Bluetooth or USB device. 1. Favorites NOTE: If an empty preset is available Display the list of your favorite stations or (see item 14), adding a station to your media files. Favorites also assigns it to a preset. 2. Recently Played 8. Signal Strength Indicator Display the list of stations or music files you 9. DAB Controls have recently listened to. When listening to a DAB radio channel, 3. Browse touching the service name displays a popup Display media sources or browse audio that allows you to choose from a list of files. services that are available within the 4. Audio Settings currently selected DAB channel. Or touch the left (back) and right (forward) arrows to 5. Source Picker scroll through the service list. Choose a different media source. 10. Station Frequency/Channel Selector 6. Station Information Drag the selector bar left or right to Depending on the frequency being manually select a channel. received, information about the currently 11. Seek Previous selected station or radio service may be 12. Seek Next displayed. 13. Presets 7. Add/Delete Favorite Touch and hold to assign the currently Add the currently playing station to your playing radio station to the associated Favorites list. A blue icon indicates the preset. When assigned, the preset displays station has already been added and the station or channel name. You can store touching it again removes it. up to six presets for each radio source. 5.12 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 13 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Media and Audio AM and FM Radio Services DAB Radio Services Model S provides AM and FM radio services. If Model S is equipped with the sound studio These can be selected from the Browse tab or package, you can also select DAB radio from using the Source Picker, located in the upper the Browse tab or using the Source Picker, right corner of the Media Player window. located in the upper right corner of the Media You can manually tune the radio to any Player window. frequency by touching and dragging the You can manually tune the radio to any DAB channel selector bar on the Now Playing station by touching and dragging the selector screen. The channel selector bar allows you to bar on the Now Playing screen. move from one available radio station to the When listening to a DAB radio channel, the next. Browse tab includes the name of the currently For FM radio, you can also tune the radio to a selected service. You can touch the service specific channel by selecting the FM radio name to choose from a popup that lists all service on the Browse window, touching the services available within the current DAB Direct Tune option, then entering the channel channel, as shown below. You can also touch using the number pad. the left (back) and right (forward) arrows beside the service list to scroll through the list. If you are listening to a DAB frequency that can no longer receive an adequate signal, the radio automatically switches to the equivalent FM broadcast. You can disable this automatic switching by turning off the Use Strongest Frequency setting on the media settings screen. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.13

book.book Page 14 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Media and Audio Media and Audio Internet Radio Media Settings Internet radio services are accessed over a data To adjust settings for your FM and DAB radio connection. To use Internet radio, touch Media stations, and to log into your TuneIn account, > Browse > Internet. touch Controls > Settings > Apps > Media. Choose the Internet radio service you want to use (for example, TuneIn), then browse through the available categories and/or stations. When you select a specific station or episode, Media Player starts playing it and displays the Now Playing screen. To play the next station or episode in the selected category, touch the previous or next arrows on the Now Playing screen, or use the 1. DAB Radio arrow buttons on the left side of the steering wheel (see page 4.3). • Use Strongest Frequency - if on, the radio Internet Radio Account Registration automatically switches to the equivalent broadcast on a different frequency in Model S provides you with one or more Internet situations where the signal is weak. radio services. To enter your registration details, touch Controls > Settings > Apps > • Traffic Alerts - if on, radio broadcasting Media. Enter your username and password, can be interrupted at any time with traffic then touch Log In. alerts. NOTE: You can disable traffic alerts only. TuneIn Emergency broadcasts cannot be TuneIn does not require an account for it to disabled. work. But if you have a TuneIn account (go to 2. FM Radio www.tunein.com), you can log in as described • Use Strongest Frequency - described above. above. • Traffic Alerts - described above. • Use Regional Content - if on, the FM radio automatically switches to provide regional content, when available. 3. TuneIn Account Enter login information for your TuneIn Internet radio account (see page 5.14). 5.14 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 15 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Media and Audio Favorites My Music & Devices To add a currently playing radio station To play audio files from a portable device, touch or audio file to your Favorites list, touch Media > Browse > My Music & Devices. The the Favorites icon on the Now Playing name of the device will be displayed. Touch the screen. The icon turns blue to show that it is a song, album, or playlist you want to play and favorite. To remove a favorite, touch the icon Media Player starts playing and displays the again. Now Playing screen. To play the next song in the selected playlist or album, touch the previous or next arrows on the touchscreen, or use the left steering wheel buttons (see page 4.3). USB Connected Devices Connect a portable audio device or flash drive to one of the USB connections (see USB Connections). Touch Media > Browse > My Music & Devices, then touch the name of the device and the song you want to play. NOTE: Adding a radio station to your Favorites Bluetooth® Connected Devices list also assigns it to one of the six presets, if an If you have a Bluetooth-capable device such as empty preset is available. a phone, that is paired and connected to To select a favorite radio station or audio file, ModelS (see page 5.17), you can play audio you can browse your list of Favorites by files stored on it. Touch Media > Browse > My touching Browse > Favorites. The Favorites are Music & Devices, then touch the name of your sorted by their source. Drag to scroll up or Bluetooth connected device. down the list, then touch to play. The first audio file found on your Bluetooth begins playing and the touchscreen displays the Now Playing screen. To change the track playing, touch the previous or next icons on the touchscreen, or use the left steering wheel buttons. NOTE: To play media from a Bluetooth connected device, ensure that access to the device’s media is turned on. See page 5.17. You can also scroll through your Favorites list using the left steering wheel buttons (see page4.3), To remove a favorite from the list, touch the associated X. NOTE: If you remove a favorite radio station or channel that is assigned to a preset, it is also removed from the preset. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.15

book.book Page 16 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Media and Audio Media and Audio USB Connections 12V Power Socket Your Model S has two USB connections located Your Model S has a power socket located on on the front of the center console. Use these the front of the center console. Power from the connections to connect USB flash drives and socket is available whenever the instrument portable audio devices to the touchscreen. You panel and touchscreen are on. can also use these connections to charge USB devices. The 12V power socket is suitable for accessories requiring up to 15A or a maximum of 180 watts. To play audio files stored on a connected NOTE: In situations where Model S is unable to device, see page 5.15. detect the key (low battery, interference, etc), place it immediately below the 12V power NOTE: Do not connect multiple devices using a socket where Model S can best detect it. USB hub. This can prevent connected devices WARNING: The power socket and an from charging or from being recognized by the accessory’s connector can become hot. touchscreen. 5.16 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 17 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Phone Phone 6. Check that the number displayed on your Bluetooth® Compatibility You can use your Bluetooth-capable phone phone matches the number displayed on hands-free in Model S provided your phone is the touchscreen. Then, on your phone, within operating range. Although Bluetooth confirm that you want to pair. typically supports wireless communication When paired, Model S connects to the phone over distances of up to approximately 9 metres, and the touchscreen displays the Bluetooth performance can vary based on the phone’s symbol next to the phone’s name to show that software and age. the connection is active. Before using your phone with Model S, you must pair it. Pairing sets up Model S to work Importing Contacts with your Bluetooth-capable phone. Once paired, you can use the Bluetooth You can pair up to ten Bluetooth phones. settings screen to specify whether you want to ModelS always automatically connects to the allow access to your phone’s contacts and last phone that was used (provided it is within recent calls. range). If you want to connect to a different If access is turned on, you can see your list of phone, see Connecting to a Paired Phone, contacts on the Model S touchscreen. Touch page5.18. Phone > Contacts. You can then touch a NOTE: On many phones, Bluetooth turns off if contact to dial its phone number or navigate to the phone’s battery is low. its address. In addition to phones, you can also pair NOTE: Before contacts can be imported, you Bluetooth-enabled devices with Model S. For may need to either set your phone to allow example, you can pair an iPod Touch or an iPad syncing, or respond to a popup on your phone or Android tablet to stream music. to confirm that it is OK to sync contacts. This varies depending on the type of phone you are Pairing a Bluetooth Phone using. For details, refer to the owner documentation provided with your phone. Pairing sets up Model S to work with your If access is turned on, imported information is Bluetooth-capable phone. Once a phone is displayed when you touch the contacts tab on paired, Model S can connect to it whenever the the Phone app. phone is within range. To pair a phone, follow these steps while sitting Unpairing a Bluetooth Phone inside Model S: 1. Ensure both the touchscreen and the phone If you want to disconnect your phone and use it are powered on. again later, simply touch Disconnect on the 2. On the touchscreen’s status bar, Bluetooth settings screen. If you do not want to touch (the Bluetooth icon). use your phone with Model S again, touch Forget This Device. Once you forget a device, 3. On your phone, enable Bluetooth and set it you need to pair it again if you want to use it to discoverable. with Model S (see Pairing a Bluetooth phone). 4. On the Model S touchscreen, touch Start NOTE: Your phone automatically disconnects Search. The touchscreen searches then whenever you leave Model S. displays the list of all available Bluetooth devices within operating distance. 5. On the Model S touchscreen, touch the phone with which you want to pair. Within a few seconds, the touchscreen displays a randomly generated number, and your phone should display the same number. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.17

book.book Page 18 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Phone Phone Connecting to a Paired Phone Receiving a Phone Call ModelS automatically connects with the last When your connected phone receives an phone to which it was connected, provided it is incoming call, both the instrument panel and within operating range and has Bluetooth the touchscreen display the caller’s number or turned on. name (if the caller is in your phone’s contact list To connect to a different phone: and Model S has access to your contacts, as 1. On the Model S touchscreen’s status bar, described on page 5.17). touch (the Bluetooth icon). 2. The Model S touchscreen displays the list of paired phones. If the phone is not on the list, follow the instructions on page 5.17 to pair it. 3. Choose the phone you want to connect to from the list of paired phones, then touch Connect. Touch one of the options on the touchscreen, or When connected, the Model S touchscreen use the scroll wheel on the right side of the displays the Bluetooth symbol next to the steering wheel to Answer or Ignore the call (see phone name to show that the connection is page4.4). active. Making a Phone Call In Call Options When a call is in progress, you can display the You can make a phone call by using the Model S call menu on the instrument panel by pressing on-screen dialer, or by choosing a contact from the top button on the right side of the steering your contact list, and then touching the wheel. Then use the scroll wheel to scroll contact’s number you want to call. through and choose an option (see page 4.4). To make a phone call using the on-screen dialer: 1. Touch the Phone app on the touchscreen, then touch Dialer. NOTE: If a phone is not currently connected, the touchscreen displays the Connect Phone message. 2. Enter the phone number on the dialer. 3. Touch Call. The touchscreen displays the call screen and the number you are calling. To make a phone call by choosing a contact: 1. Touch the Phone app on the touchscreen, then touch Contacts. NOTE: Ensure that access to the phone’s contacts is turned on. See page 5.17. 2. Touch the name of the contact you want to call to display details about the contact. 3. Touch the number you want to dial (there may be more than one). The touchscreen displays the call screen and the name of the contact you are calling. NOTE: If it is safe and legal to do so, you can also initiate a call by dialing the number or selecting the contact directly from your phone. 5.18 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 19 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Maps Maps Using Maps Touch the Map icon to view and search for a location on Google MapsTM. If Model S is equipped with the navigation option, the icon is labeled Nav and you can also navigate to a specified location as described on the next page. If Model S is not equipped with the navigation option, onboard maps are not available and you need a data connection to search and display locations. 1. Display a list of recent searches. If Model S Whenever the map is not showing is equipped with the navigation option, you North at the top, a compass appears can also display recent places you have on the map. The compass arrow navigated to, and locations where you have points North and the text indicates the previously charged. direction you are driving. 2. Touch to enter search information. You can 4. Display Previous Charging locations on the enter an address, landmark, business, etc. map. 3. Touch to center the map on your car and 5. Expand the navigation window to fill the have the map track your position as you touchscreen’s entire viewing area. drive. The icon is blue when the map is 6. Drag the map to change the geographic tracking your position and by touching the area that is visible in the window. icon, you can change the orientation of the 7. The red arrow marks your current location. map: 8. Zoom in and out. You can also zoom using North Up - North is always at the top standard touchscreen finger gestures. of the screen. 9. Toggle between map and satellite views. Heading Up - The direction you are 10. Toggle between showing traffic and hiding heading is always at the top of the traffic. screen. The map rotates when you NOTE: To change the size of the font used to change direction. display the map’s labels, touch Controls > You can rotate the map in any direction. Settings > Apps > Maps. When you rotate the map you’ll notice the icon turn gray, indicating the map is no longer tracking your position. Touch the icon again to track your position. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.19

book.book Page 20 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Navigation Navigation Navigation If you press Cancel before Navigation starts, Navigation Overview the popup remains and you can choose to With the navigation option, onboard navigate when ready, or you can specify a maps allow you to navigate to any different destination. The popup will include location, even in areas where a data the destination’s phone number (if available) connection is not available. When you specify a and you can touch Call to dial the number from location, the touchscreen displays the route a Bluetooth-connected phone. and provides turn-by-turn instructions. NOTE: If Model S is not equipped with the optional navigation feature, the app’s icon is labeled Maps (see previous page). Starting Navigation 1. Touch the Nav icon to display the map. For a description of the map’s features, see the previous page. 2. Touch the search bar to enter the destination. You can enter complete address information, then touch GO. If you have a data connection, you can start entering the destination, then choose one of the auto-complete entries that appear. For example, you can enter just the street, business name, or category (such as hotels, coffee, etc). A list of matching destinations and their corresponding pushpins appear on the map and you can then touch any list item or its pushpin to start navigation. If you don’t have a data connection, you must enter complete and exact location information. NOTE: You can also touch PLACES and choose a location from the list of Recent Places, Recent Searches, or Visited Chargers. When you enter or choose a destination, a destination popup appears on the map, displaying information about your selected destination. Navigation starts automatically if you do not touch Cancel within 5 seconds. 5.20 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 21 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Navigation During Navigation During navigation, the touchscreen displays the navigation route and the turn-by-turn direction list. Depending on the map’s zoom level, you might not be able to see the entire route. But as you drive, the map shows your location on the map. During navigation, the instrument panel also displays directions to your destination and you hear spoken instructions. 1. The turn-by-turn direction list summarizes 9. Center the map on your destination and the navigation route. You can scroll the list display the destination popup, which to review the turn-by-turn directions. provides details about the destination and a 2. Touching any route segment in the list shortcut you can use to automatically call centers the map on it. Touching again the destination from a Bluetooth connected resumes the map to its previous state. phone (if a number is available). 3. Control the volume of the spoken instructions. 4. Estimated duration, mileage and arrival time. 5. Exit navigation. 6. The checked flag marks your destination on the map. 7. The red arrow marks your current location. 8. See page 5.19. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.21

book.book Page 22 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Security Settings Security Settings Security Settings About the Security System If Model S does not detect a key nearby and a locked door or trunk is opened, the horn beeps and headlights and turn signals flash. To deactivate the alarm, press any button on the key. You can manually enable or disable the alarm system by touching Controls > Settings > Safety & Security > Alarm. When set to on, Model S activates its alarm one minute after the doors lock and a recognized key is no longer detected nearby. If Model S is equipped with the optional security package, it includes a battery-backed siren. If the Tilt/Intrusion setting is on, this siren sounds when Model S detects motion inside the cabin or if it is raised (for example, with a tow truck or jack) when doors are locked and a recognized key is not detected. To turn the tilt and intrusion detection system on or off, touch Controls > Settings > Safety & Security > Tilt/Intrusion. NOTE: If you plan to leave something that moves, such as a dog, inside your locked ModelS, remember to turn off the tilt/intrusion system. Any type of motion detected inside ModelS activates the siren. 5.22 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 23 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM HomeLink® Universal Transceiver HomeLink® Universal Transceiver ® About HomeLink If Model S is equipped with the optional tech package, you can program the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver to operate up to three garage doors, gates, lights, and security systems that can transmit Radio Frequency (RF) signals. Programming HomeLink 1. Park in front of the device you want to program, and have the device’s remote control ready. 2. Touch Controls > Settings > HomeLink on the touchscreen. 3. Touch Enter Name, then use the onscreen keyboard to enter a name for your HomeLink device. 4. Touch Create HomeLink. 5. Follow the onscreen instructions. Once programmed, you can operate the device by touching its corresponding HomeLink icon on the touchscreen’s status bar. HomeLink remembers the location of your programmed devices. When you approach a known location, the HomeLink control on the touchscreen automatically drops down. When you drive away, it disappears. NOTE: For security reasons, erase your HomeLink settings if you sell Model S. WARNING: Your device might open or close during programming. Before programming, make sure that the device is clear of any people or objects. WARNING: Do not use the HomeLink Universal Transceiver with a garage door that does not meet federal safety standards. A garage door opener that cannot detect an object in its path and then automatically stop and reverse, does not meet these standards. Using a garage door opener without these features increases the risk of injury or death. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.23

book.book Page 24 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Software Updates Software Updates Software Updates Loading New Software Viewing Release Notes Model S updates its software wirelessly, When a software update is complete, learn providing new features throughout your term about the new features by displaying the of ownership. The first time you enter ModelS release notes. To display release notes at any after an update is made available, a scheduling time touch the Tesla “TŽ at the top center of window displays on the touchscreen. the touchscreen, then touch Release Notes. NOTE: A software update can take up to two hours to complete (an estimated time is provided). Model S must be in Park when the new software is being installed. When a software update is available, a yellow clock icon appears on the touchscreen’s status bar. 1. Touch the up and down arrows to change the installation time (if necessary). Then touch Set For This Time to schedule the installation. Once scheduled, the yellow clock icon on the touchscreen’s status bar becomes white. 2. Touch Install Now to immediately start the installation process. You can reschedule the installation any time before it begins. To do so, touch the clock icon on the touchscreen’s status bar to display the update window. If Model S is charging when the software update begins, charging stops. Charging resumes automatically when the update is complete. If you are driving Model S at the scheduled update time, the update is canceled and you need to reschedule. If the touchscreen displays a message indicating that a software update was not successfully completed, contact Tesla. 5.24 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 25 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Mobile App Mobile App Model S Mobile App The Tesla Model S mobile app allows you to communicate with Model S remotely using your iPhone® or Android™ phone. With this app, you can check charging progress, start and stop charging, heat or cool Model S, locate Model S or track its movement, flash lights, honk the horn, lock and unlock, and more. Simply download the app to your phone and enter your login credentials. You must also ensure that Model S is ready to communicate with the mobile app by turning on its remote access setting. Touch Controls > Settings > Safety & Security > Remote Access > On. USING THE TOUCHSCREEN 5.25

book.book Page 26 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM CHARGING Electric Vehicle Components High Voltage Components........................... 6.2 Mobile Charging Equipment....................... 6.3 High Power Wall Connector........................ 6.3 Battery Information About the Battery........................................... 6.4 Battery Care...................................................... 6.4 Charging Model S Opening the Charge Port............................. 6.5 Plugging In......................................................... 6.5 During Charging............................................... 6.5 Stopping Charging.......................................... 6.5 Charge Port Light............................................ 6.6 Changing Charge Settings............................ 6.7 Charging Status............................................... 6.8 6.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Electric Vehicle Components Electric Vehicle Components CElHectARriGcI VNGehicle Components High Voltage Components 1. Battery WARNING: The high voltage system has 2. DC-DC converter no user serviceable parts. Do not 3. High voltage cabling (colored orange) disassemble, remove or replace high voltage 4. 10 kW on-board master charger components, cables or connectors. High voltage cables are colored orange for easy 5. OPTIONAL: 10 kW on-board charger identification. 6. Charge port WARNING: Read and follow all 7. Drive unit instructions provided on the labels that are attached to Model S. These labels are there for your safety. WARNING: In the unlikely event that a fire occurs, immediately contact your local fire emergency responders. 6.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

charging.fm Page 3 Thursday, July 25, 2013 1:00 PM Electric Vehicle Components Mobile Charging Equipment High Power Wall Connector ModelS is equipped with a Mobile Connector A High Power Wall Connector is also available and the adapter(s) you need to plug into from Tesla. This connector is the fastest way to commonly used power outlets. charge Model S at home and installs in your When using the Mobile Connector, first plug the garage. For more information, go to Mobile Connector into the power outlet, then www.teslamotors.com. plug in Model S. For more information about your Mobile Connector, see the Mobile Connector Owner’s Manual. NOTE: Additional adapters can be purchased from Tesla. CHARGING 6.3

charging.fm Page 4 Monday, July 22, 2013 11:52 AM Battery Information Battery Information Battery Information Temperature Limits About the Battery ModelS has one of the most sophisticated Do not expose Model S to ambient battery systems in the world. The most temperatures above 60° C or below -30° C for important way to preserve the Battery is to more than 24 hours at a time. LEAVE YOUR MODELS PLUGGED IN when you Battery Warnings and Cautions are not using it. This is particularly important if you are not planning to drive Model S for WARNING: The Battery has no parts that several weeks. When plugged in, Model S wakes an owner or a non-Tesla authorized up when needed to automatically maintain a service technician can service. Under no charge level that maximizes the lifetime of the circumstances should you open or tamper with Battery. the Battery. Always contact Tesla to arrange for There is no advantage to waiting until the Battery servicing. Battery’s level is low before charging. In fact, CAUTION: If the Battery’s charge level the Battery performs best when charged falls to 0%, you must plug it in. If you leave regularly. it unplugged for an extended period, it may not be possible to charge Model S or use the Battery Care vehicle without jump starting or replacing the 12V battery. Leaving Model S unplugged for an Never allow the Battery to fully discharge. Even extended period can also result in permanent when Model S is not being driven, its Battery Battery damage. If you are unable to charge discharges very slowly to power the onboard Model S, contact Tesla immediately. electronics. On average, the Battery discharges CAUTION: The Battery requires no owner at a rate of 1% per day. Situations can arise in maintenance. Do not remove the filler cap which you must leave Model S unplugged for an and do not add fluid. If the instrument panel extended period of time (for example, at an warns you that the fluid level is low, contact airport when traveling). In these situations, Tesla immediately. keep the 1% in mind to ensure that you leave the Battery with a sufficient charge level. For At the end of its service life, the Battery example, over a two week period (14 days), the should be recycled. Contact Tesla for Battery discharges by approximately 14%. recycling arrangements. Discharging the Battery to 0% may permanently damage the Battery. To protect against a complete discharge, Model S enters a low-power consumption mode when the charge level drops to 5%. In this mode, the Battery stops supporting the onboard electronics to slow the discharge rate to approximately 4% per month. Once this low-power consumption mode is active, it is important to plug in Model S within two months to avoid Battery damage. NOTE: When the low-power consumption mode is active, the auxiliary 12V battery is no longer being charged and can completely discharge within 12 hours. In the unlikely event that this occurs, you may need to jump start or replace the 12V battery before you can charge. In this situation, contact Tesla. 6.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Charging Model S Charging Model S When the connector is properly inserted, Opening the Charge Port The charge port is located on the driver’s side charging begins after Model S: of Model S, behind a door that is part of the rear • Engages a latch that holds the connector in tail light assembly. place. Park Model S so that the charge cable easily • Shifts into Park (if it was in any other gear). reaches the charge port. • Heats or cools the Battery, if needed. If the With Model S unlocked, or a recognized key Battery requires heating or cooling, you nearby, press and hold the button on a Tesla may notice a delay before charging begins. charging cable. NOTE: Whenever Model S is plugged in but not If the cable you are using actively charging, it draws energy from the wall does not have this instead of using energy stored in the Battery. button, touch Controls > For example, if you are sitting in Model S and Charge Port. Or, you can using the touchscreen while it is parked and touch the battery icon at plugged in, the energy being used is drawn the top of the from the power outlet instead of the Battery. touchscreen, then from the Charging screen, During Charging touch Open Charge During charging, the charge port pulses green Port. and charging status displays on the instrument To charge at a public panel (see page 6.8). The frequency at which charging station, attach the charge port’s light pulses slows down as the an adapter to the station’s charging connector. charge level approaches full. When charging is The most commonly used adapter(s) for each complete, the light stops pulsing and is solid market region are supplied with Model S. green. The charge port lights up white when you open NOTE: If Model S is locked, the light around the the charge port door. If you do not connect a charge port does not light up. charging cable, the light eventually turns off. If the light around the charge port lights up red NOTE: If you do not insert the charge cable into while charging, a fault is detected. Check the the charge port within a few minutes after instrument panel or touchscreen for a message opening the charge port door, the latch closes. describing the fault. A fault can occur due to If this happens, use the touchscreen to open something as common as a power outage. If a the charge port door. power outage occurs, charging resumes CAUTION: The connector end of the automatically when power is restored. charge cable can damage the paint if NOTE: When charging, particularly at high dropped onto Model S. currents, the refrigerant compressor and the CAUTION: Do not attempt to force the fan operate as needed to keep the Battery cool. charge port door open. Doing so can Therefore, it is normal to hear sounds during damage the latch. A damaged latch charging. cannot hold the door closed. Stopping Charging Plugging In You can stop charging at any time by If desired, use the touchscreen to change the disconnecting the charge cable or touching charge limit and the charging current (see Stop Charging on the touchscreen. page6.7). To disconnect the charge cable: If you are using the Mobile Connector, plug it 1. Press the button on a Tesla connector to into the power outlet before plugging it into release the latch. Model S. 2. Pull the connector from the charge port. Align the connector to the charge port and 3. Push the charge port door closed. insert fully. CHARGING 6.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Charging Model S Charging Model S To prevent unauthorized unplugging of the charging cable, Model S must be unlocked or able to recognize a key before you can disconnect the charging cable. NOTE: Model S stops charging whenever you double-click the key. If you do not unplug within 60 seconds, charging resumes. CAUTION: Tesla strongly recommends leaving Model S plugged in when not in use. This maintains the Battery at the optimum level of charge. Charge Port Light White The charge port door is open and charge mode is initiated. Green - pulsing Charging is in progress. Green - solid Charging is complete. Red - flashing A fault was detected and charging has stopped. Check the instrument panel or touchscreen for a message describing the fault. 6.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Charging Model S Changing Charge Settings 3. Location-specific schedule The charge settings screen displays on the With Model S in Park, set a specific time touchscreen whenever the charge port door is when you want Model S to begin charging open. at the current location. If, at the scheduled To display charge settings at any time, time, Model S is not plugged in at the touch the Battery icon on the top of the location, it will start charging as soon as you touchscreen, or touch Controls > Charging plug it in as long as you are plugging it in (located in the upper right portion of the within six hours of the scheduled time. If Controls screen). you plug in after six hours, Model S does not start charging until the scheduled time on The following illustration is provided for the next day. To override this setting, touch demonstration purposes only and may vary Start Charging or Stop Charging (see slightly depending on the software version and item 4). When you set a scheduled market region of your Model S. charging time, Model S displays the set time on the instrument panel and the touchscreen. 4. Touch to open the charge port door or to start (or stop) charging. 5. The current automatically sets to the maximum current available from the attached charging cable, unless it was previously reduced to a lower level. For 3-phase charging, the available current represents the current per phase (up to 32 amps). During charging, the right status flag displays the 3-phase symbol in front of the displayed current. If needed, touch the up/down arrows to change the current (for example, you may want to reduce the current if you are 1. Charge status messages (such as Charging concerned about overloading a domestic Scheduled, Charging In Progress) display wiring circuit shared by other equipment). here. It is not possible to set the charging current 2. Adjust the charge limit based on your to a level that exceeds the maximum anticipated driving needs. Touch Set available from the attached charge cable. Charge Limit, then drag the slider bar to the When you change the current, Model S desired charge level. You can charge to any remembers the location. So if you level from 50% to 100%. For daily driving, subsequently charge at the same location, charge between 50% and 90% to improve you do not need to change it again. battery longevity. Charge above 90% for NOTE: Reducing the current increases trips requiring maximum range. The setting charging time. you choose applies to both immediate and scheduled charging sessions. CHARGING 6.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Charging Model S Charging Model S Charging Status The following illustration is provided for demonstration purposes only and may vary slightly depending on the software version and market region of your Model S. 1. Charging rate per hour. 5. Charging status information displays here. 2. Total estimated driving distance (or For example, if Model S is charging, it energy) available. Instead of driving displays the time remaining until fully distance as shown here, you can change charged at the currently selected charge settings to display the amount of energy level. When scheduled charging is set for available instead. To do so, touch Controls a location, it displays when charging will > Settings > Language & Units. start. 3. Current being supplied/Total current 6. Voltage being supplied by the charging available from the connected power cable. supply (see page 6.7). If connected to a 3-phase power supply, the available current represents the current per phase and the 3-phase symbol is displayed. 4. Estimated increase in driving distance (or energy) achieved so far in this charging session. Instead of driving distance as shown here, you can change settings to display the amount of energy achieved instead. To do so, touch Controls > Settings > Language & Units. 6.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM MAINTENANCE Maintenance Schedule Parts and Accessories Service Intervals................................................ 7.2 Parts, Accessories, and Modifications... 7.24 Daily and Monthly Checks............................. 7.2 Body Repairs................................................... 7.24 High Voltage Safety........................................ 7.2 Tire Care and Maintenance Maintaining Tire Pressures............................ 7.3 Inspecting and Maintaining Tires.............. 7.4 Replacing Tires and Wheels......................... 7.5 Using Tire Chains.............................................. 7.6 Tire Pressure Monitoring............................... 7.6 Temporary Tire Repair Tire Repair Kit.................................................... 7.8 Inflating with Sealant and Air...................... 7.9 Inflating with Air Only................................... 7.10 Replacing the Sealant Canister.................. 7.11 Cleaning Cleaning the Exterior.................................... 7.12 Cleaning the Interior..................................... 7.13 Polishing, Touch Up, and Body Repair... 7.14 Using a Car Cover.......................................... 7.14 Floor Mats......................................................... 7.14 Wiper Blades and Washer Jets Checking and Replacing Wiper Blades.. 7.15 Cleaning Washer Jets................................... 7.15 Fluid Reservoirs Removing the Maintenance Panel........... 7.16 Checking Battery Coolant........................... 7.16 Checking Brake Fluid.................................... 7.17 Topping Up Washer Fluid........................... 7.18 Fuses Fuse Box Locations....................................... 7.19 Replacing a Fuse............................................ 7.19 Fuse Box 1........................................................ 7.20 Fuse Box 2......................................................... 7.21 Fuse Box 3....................................................... 7.22 Fuse Box 4....................................................... 7.22 Jacking and Lifting Jacking Procedure........................................ 7.23 7.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Maintenance ScheduleMaintenance Schedule MMAaiInNteTnaENANnce ScChEedule Monthly Checks Service Intervals Regular maintenance is the key to ensuring the • Check the condition and pressure of each continued reliability and efficiency of your tire (see page 7.3). Model S. • Check washer fluid level and top up if Take Model S to Tesla at the regularly scheduled necessary (see page 7.18). maintenance intervals of every 12 months, or • Check that the air conditioning system is every 20,000 kms, whichever comes first. operating (see page 5.9). Model S must be serviced by Tesla-certified CAUTION: Contact Tesla immediately if technicians. Damages or failures caused by you notice any significant or sudden drop maintenance or repairs performed by non-Tesla in fluid levels or uneven tire wear. certified technicians are not covered by the warranty. High Voltage Safety Fluid Replacement Your Model S has been designed and built with Do not change or top up Battery coolant and safety as a priority. However, be aware of these brake fluid yourself. Tesla service technicians precautions to protect yourself from the risk of replace fluids at the regularly scheduled service injury inherent in all high-voltage systems: intervals: • Read and follow all instructions provided on • Brake fluid - every 2 years or 40,000 kms, the labels that are attached to Model S. whichever comes first. These labels are there for your safety. • Battery coolant - every 4 years or • The high voltage system has no 80,000kms, whichever comes first. user-serviceable parts. Do not disassemble, remove or replace high voltage NOTE: Any damage from opening the Battery components, cables or connectors. High coolant reservoir is excluded from the warranty. voltage cables are colored orange for easy identification. Daily and Monthly Checks • If an accident occurs, do not touch any high In addition to the regularly scheduled voltage wiring, connectors, or components maintenance performed by Tesla, you should connected to the wiring. carry out a few simple checks more frequently. • In the unlikely event that a fire occurs, immediately contact your local fire Daily Checks emergency responders. • Check the Battery’s charge level, displayed WARNING: Always disconnect the charge on the instrument panel. cable before working underneath • Check that all exterior lights, horn, turn ModelS, even if charging is not in progress. signals, and wipers and washers are WARNING: Keep your hands and clothing working. away from cooling fans. Some fans • Check the operation of the brakes, operate even when Model S is powered off. including the parking brake. WARNING: Some fluids (battery acid, • Check the operation of the seat belts Battery coolant, brake fluid, windshield (see page 3.5). washer additives, etc.) used in motor vehicles • Look for fluid deposits underneath Model S are poisonous and should not be inhaled, that might indicate a leak. It is normal for a swallowed, or brought into contact with open small pool of water to form (caused by the wounds. For your safety, always read and follow air conditioning system’s dehumidifying instructions printed on fluid containers. process). Dispose of used fluids and other chemicals at authorized waste disposal sites. It is illegal to pollute drains, waterways or soil. 7.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tire Care and Maintenance Tire Care and Maintenance Checking and Adjusting Tire Pressures Maintaining Tire Pressures Keep tires inflated to the pressures shown on Follow these steps when tires are cold and the Tire and Loading Information label located Model S has been stationary for over three on the driver’s door pillar (even if it differs from hours: the pressure printed on the tire itself). 1. Remove the valve cap. 2. Firmly press an accurate tire pressure gauge onto the valve to measure pressure. 3. If required, add air to reach the recommended pressure. 4. Re-check pressure by removing and re-attaching the tire gauge. 5. If you added too much air, release air by pressing the metal stem in the center of the valve. 6. Recheck the pressure with the tire gauge and adjust if necessary. 7. Replace the valve cap to prevent dirt from entering. Periodically check the valve for damage and leaks. WARNING: Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failures. It can cause a tire to overheat, resulting in severe tire cracking, tread separation, or blowout, which The Tire Pressure indicator light on the causes unexpected loss of vehicle control and instrument panel alerts you if one or increased risk of injury. Under-inflation also more tires is under- or over-inflated. reduces Battery range and tire tread life. The Tire Pressure indicator light does not WARNING: Check tire pressures using an immediately turn off when you adjust tire accurate pressure gauge when tires are pressure. After inflating the tire to the cold. It takes only one mile of driving to warm recommended pressure, you must drive over up the tires sufficiently to affect tire pressures. 40 km/h for more than 10 minutes to activate Parking the vehicle in direct sunlight or in hot the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), weather can also affect tire pressures. If you which turns off the Tire Pressure indicator light. must check warm tires, expect increased If the indicator light flashes for one minute pressures. Do not let air out of warm tires in an whenever you power on Model S, a fault with attempt to match recommended cold tire the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) is pressures. A hot tire at or below the detected (see page 7.6). recommended cold tire inflation pressure is dangerously under-inflated. WARNING: Do not use any tire sealant other than the type provided in a Tesla tire repair kit. Other types can cause tire pressure sensors to malfunction. If your ModelS did not include a tire repair kit, you can purchase one from Tesla Motors. MAINTENANCE 7.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tire Care and Maintenance Tire Care and Maintenance Inspecting and Maintaining Tires Punctured Tires Regularly inspect the tread and side walls for A puncture eventually causes the tire to lose any sign of distortion (bulges), cuts or wear. pressure, which is why it is important to check WARNING: Do not drive Model S if a tire tire pressures frequently. Permanently repair or is damaged, excessively worn, or inflated replace punctured or damaged tires as soon as to an incorrect pressure. Check tires regularly possible. Do not drive with a punctured tire, for wear, and ensure there are no cuts, bulges or even if the puncture has not caused the tire to exposure of the ply/cord structure. deflate. A punctured tire can deflate suddenly at any time. Tire Wear Your tubeless tires may not leak when Model S is originally fitted with tires that have penetrated, provided the object remains in the wear indicators molded into the tread pattern. tire. If, however, you feel a sudden vibration or When the tread has been worn down to 1.6 mm, ride disturbance while driving, or you suspect a the indicators start to appear at the surface of tire is damaged, immediately reduce your the tread pattern, producing the effect of a speed. Drive slowly, while avoiding heavy continuous band of rubber across the width of braking or sharp steering and, when safe to do the tire. so, stop the vehicle. Arrange to have Model S transported to Tesla or to a nearby tire repair Replace a tire as soon as an indicator band center. becomes visible or the tread depth reaches the In some cases, you can temporarily repair small minimum permitted by law. tire punctures (under 6 mm) using an optional Tire Rotation, Balance, and Wheel tire repair kit available from Tesla. This allows Alignment you to slowly drive Model S to Tesla or to a Tesla recommends rotating the tires every nearby tire repair facility (see page 7.8). 8000 kms. After rotating, always check and WARNING: Do not drive Model S with a adjust tire pressures. punctured tire. Even if the punctured tire NOTE: Do not rotate tires on the Performance has not deflated, it can suddenly deflate at any Plus models. time. Flat Spots If Model S is stationary for a long period in high temperatures, tires can form flat spots. When Model S is driven, these flat spots cause a vibration which gradually disappears as the tires get warm and regain their original shape. To minimize the flat spots during storage, inflate tires to the maximum pressure indicated on the tire wall, then, before driving, release air Unbalanced wheels (sometimes noticeable as to adjust tire pressure to the recommended vibration through the steering wheel) affect levels. vehicle handling and tire life. Even with regular use, wheels can get out of balance. Therefore, Driving in Low Ambient Temperatures they should be balanced as required. Tire performance reduces in low ambient If tire wear is uneven (on one side of the tire temperatures, resulting in reduced grip and an only) or becomes abnormally excessive, check increased susceptibility to damage from the alignment of wheels. impacts. Performance tires can temporarily harden when cold, causing you to hear rotational noise for the first few miles until the tires warm up. Contact Tesla for winter tire recommendations. 7.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tire Care and Maintenance Improving Tire Mileage Asymmetric Tires To improve the mileage you get from your tires, ModelS tires are asymmetric and must be maintain tires at the recommended tire mounted on the wheel with the correct sidewall pressures (see page 7.3), observe speed limits facing outward. The sidewall of the tire is and advisory speeds, and avoid: marked with the word OUTSIDE. When new • Pulling away quickly, or hard acceleration. tires are installed, make sure that the tires are • Fast turns and heavy braking. correctly mounted on the wheels. • Potholes and objects in the road. • Hitting curbs when parking. • Contaminating tires with fluids that can cause damage. Replacing Tires and Wheels Tires degrade over time due to the effects of ultraviolet light, extreme temperatures, high loads, and environmental conditions. It is recommended that tires are replaced every six years, or sooner if required. Wheel rims and tires are matched to suit the handling characteristics of the vehicle. WARNING: Road holding is seriously Replacement tires must comply with the impaired if the tires are incorrectly original specification. If tires other than those installed on the wheels. specified are used, ensure that the load and speed ratings marked on the tire (see Winter Tires page8.10) equal or exceed those of the original specification. In snowy and icy conditions, consider installing Ideally, you should replace all four tires at the winter tires. Winter tires must be the same size, same time. If this is not possible, replace the brand, construction and tread pattern on all tires in pairs (both front or both rear). When four wheels. For recommendations on winter replacing tires, always re-balance and check tires, contact Tesla. the alignment of wheels. WARNING: On dry roads, winter tires For the specification of the original wheels and could have less traction than the tires installed on Model S, see page 8.8. originally installed tires. WARNING: For your safety, use only tires and wheels that match the original specification. Tires that do not match the original specification can affect the operation of the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS). MAINTENANCE 7.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tire Care and Maintenance Tire Care and Maintenance Using Tire Chains pressure, stop and check your tires as soon as Tesla has tested and approved Security Chain possible, and inflate them to the proper Company (SCC) Model Z-563 chains for use on pressure (see page 7.3). Driving on a the rear wheels. These chains must only be significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire used if your Model S has 245/45R19 rear tires to overheat and can lead to tire failure. installed. Do not use chains on 21” tires. Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's When installing tire chains, follow the handling and stopping ability. instructions provided by the tire chain If Model S detects a fault with the Tire manufacturer. Mount them as tightly as Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), possible. this indicator flashes for one minute When using tire chains: whenever you power on Model S. • Drive slowly—do not exceed 48 km/h. NOTE: Installing accessories that are not • Avoid heavily loading Model S (heavy loads approved by Tesla can interfere with the TPMS can reduce the clearance between the tires system. and the body). WARNING: The TPMS is not a substitute • Remove the tire chains as soon as for proper tire maintenance, including conditions allow. manually checking tire pressures and regularly NOTE: Tire chains are prohibited in some inspecting the condition of tires. It is the jurisdictions. Check local laws before installing driver's responsibility to maintain correct tire tire chains. pressure, even if under-inflation has not CAUTION: Using non-recommended tire reached the level for the TPMS to trigger the chains, or using tire chains on other sized Tire Pressure Warning on the instrument panel. tires, can damage the suspension, body, TPMS Malfunction wheels, and/or brake lines. Damage caused by using non-recommended tire chains is not ModelS has also been equipped with a TPMS covered by the warranty. malfunction indicator to indicate when the CAUTION: Ensure that tire chains cannot system is not operating properly. touch suspension components or brake The TPMS malfunction indicator is combined lines. If you hear the chains making with the low tire pressure indicator light. When unusual noises that would indicate contact with the system detects a malfunction, the indicator ModelS, stop and investigate immediately. light flashes for approximately one minute after ModelS powers on, and then remains Tire Pressure Monitoring continuously lit. This sequence continues upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the Each tire should be checked monthly when malfunction exists. cold and inflated to the recommended When the TPMS malfunction indicator is on, the pressures that are printed on the Tire and system might not be able to detect or signal Loading Information label located on the low tire pressure as intended. TPMS driver’s door pillar (see page 7.3). If your malfunctions can occur for a variety of reasons, vehicle has tires of a different size than the size including installing replacement or alternate indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the pressure label, determine the proper tire TPMS from functioning properly. Always check inflation pressure for those tires. the TPMS malfunction indicator light after As an added safety feature, your vehicle has replacing one or more tires or wheels on your been equipped with a tire pressure monitoring vehicle to ensure that the replacement or system (TPMS) that displays a low tire pressure alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to telltale (Tire Pressure Warning) on the continue to function properly. instrument panel when one or more of your NOTE: If a tire has been replaced or repaired tires is significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, using a different tire sealant than the one when the Tire Pressure indicator light displays available from Tesla, and a low tire pressure is on the instrument panel alerting you of low tire 7.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tire Care and Maintenance detected, it is possible that the tire sensor has been damaged. Contact Tesla to have the fault repaired as soon as possible. Replacing a Tire Sensor If the Tire Pressure warning indicator displays frequently, contact Tesla to determine if a tire sensor needs to be replaced. Tire sensors must be replaced by a Tesla service technician who can perform a brief setup procedure. If a non-Tesla service center repairs or replaces a tire, the tire sensor will not work until Tesla performs the setup procedure. MAINTENANCE 7.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Temporary Tire RepairTemporary Tire Repair Temporary Tire Repair Tire Sealant Canister Tire Repair Kit Your Model S has no spare tire. Depending on The tire sealant provided in the Tesla tire repair the legislations that apply to the region in kit is approved for use with Model S and is which you purchased Model S, a tire repair kit designed not to damage the TPMS (Tire may or may not be included. If a tire repair kit Pressure Monitoring System) sensors. was not provided in Model S upon delivery, you Therefore, you must replace it only with one of can purchase one from Tesla. the same type and capacity (see page 7.11). Tire sealant canisters can be purchased from Tesla. The tire repair kit consists of a compressor and The tire sealant has an expiration date printed a canister of tire sealant (enough to repair one on the outside of the canister. If the expiration tire). When injected into a tire, the sealant can date has passed, the sealant might not work as penetrate a small puncture up to 6 mm to form expected. Always replace an expired tire a temporary repair. sealant canister. WARNING: Do not use any tire sealant other than the one available from Tesla. Doing so could cause tire pressure sensors to malfunction. WARNING: Always read and follow the safety and handling instructions printed on the sealant canister. WARNING: Keep tire sealant out of the reach of children. WARNING: Tire sealant can be harmful if NOTE: For punctures larger than 6 mm, severe it contacts the eyes or if swallowed or tread damage, a damaged sidewall, ripped tires inhaled. If the sealant comes into contact with or tires that have come off the rim, call your eyes, immediately flush with water and Roadside Assistance. seek medical attention if irritation persists. If WARNING: The tire repair kit is a swallowed, do not induce vomiting and seek temporary repair only. You must repair or medical assistance immediately. If inhaled, replace a damaged tire as soon as possible. breathe fresh air. Inhalation can cause WARNING: Do not exceed 48 km/h when drowsiness and dizziness. If breathing is driving with a tire that has been affected, seek medical assistance immediately. temporarily repaired with sealant. WARNING: Follow all directions and warnings on the tire repair kit before starting a repair. CAUTION: Do not drive on a deflated tire as this can cause serious damage. 7.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Temporary Tire Repair Inflating with Sealant and Air 6. Remove the red cap and screw the end of If you have a Tesla tire repair kit as described on the hose onto the tire’s valve. page7.8, follow these steps to temporarily repair a small tire puncture (less than 6 mm). 1. Stop Model S in a safe place away from traffic and ask passengers to wait in a safe area. 2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers to alert other road users. 3. If possible, position the wheel with the puncture at the bottom. 7. Attach the sealant kit’s black air hose to the sealant valve and press the lever down to secure it in place. 8. Ensure the compressor is lying on a level surface with the pressure gauge facing to the side as shown above. 9. Turn on the compressor. NOTE: The pressure gauge initially shows a high pressure while the compressor pushes 4. Detach the power supply connector from the sealant into the tire. Once the sealant is the back of the compressor and plug it into completely dispersed into the tire, the the 12V power socket located on the front pressure quickly drops and starts to rise of the center console. again as the tire inflates with air only. 5. Release the clear plastic hose from the tire 10. Inflate the tire to the recommended compressor. pressure. CAUTION: If you cannot reach the required pressure within 8 minutes, stop! The tire is too severely damaged to be temporarily repaired using sealant. Do not drive. Call Roadside Assistance to have Model S transported. 11. Turn off the compressor and disconnect the hose from the tire’s valve. Wipe any excess sealant from the tire valve and wheel rim. 12. Immediately drive for 8 km to distribute the sealant around the tire. Do not exceed 48km/h. 13. Stop and check the tire’s pressure. If necessary, inflate using the black air hose. 14. Have the tire repaired or replaced as soon as possible. 15. Replace the tire repair sealant canister (see page7.11). MAINTENANCE 7.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Temporary Tire RepairTemporary Tire Repair Inflating with Air Only NOTE: For your convenience, the tire repair kit If you have a Tesla tire repair kit as described in includes a selection of adapters that allow you page7.8, follow these steps to inflate a tire with to inflate other items. These adapters are air: located in a compartment on the back of the compressor. 1. Detach the power supply connector from the rear of the compressor and plug it into the 12V power socket located in Model S on the front of center console. CAUTION: To avoid overheating, do not use the compressor continuously for more than eight minutes. Allow the 2. Release the black air hose from the compressor to cool for 15 minutes compressor. between uses. 3. Attach the air hose to the valve and press CAUTION: The compressor runs slowly the lever down to secure it in place. when overheated from excessive use. Turn it off and allow it to cool. 4. Ensure the compressor is lying on a level surface with the pressure gauge facing to the side where you can read it. 5. To add air, turn on the compressor and inflate until the desired pressure is reached. 6. To release air, turn off the compressor, then press and hold the red button until the desired pressure is reached. 7.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Temporary Tire Repair Replacing the Sealant Canister If you have a Tesla tire repair kit as described in page7.8, you can purchase additional or replacement canisters of tire sealant from Tesla. Follow these steps to replace the canister in your Tesla tire repair kit: 1. Unwrap the clear hose from the compressor. This hose is included with the tire repair sealant canister. 2. Remove the canister cover by sliding it upward to release it from the compressor. 3. Remove the canister. 4. Insert the new canister and replace the cover. MAINTENANCE 7.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Cleaning Cleaning Cleaning Cautions for Exterior Cleaning Cleaning the Exterior To prevent damage to the paint, immediately CAUTION: Do not use hot water and remove corrosive substances (bird droppings, detergents. tree resin, dead insects, tar spots, road salt, CAUTION: In hot weather, do not wash in industrial fallout, etc). Do not wait until Model S direct sunlight. is due for a complete wash. If necessary, use CAUTION: If using a pressure washer, denatured alcohol to remove tar spots and maintain a distance of at least 30 cm stubborn grease stains, then immediately wash between the nozzle and the surface of the area with water and a mild, non-detergent Model S. Keep the nozzle moving and do soap to remove the alcohol. not concentrate the water jet on any one Follow these steps when washing the exterior area. of Model S: CAUTION: Do not aim water hoses 1. Rinse Thoroughly directly at window, door or hood seals, or Before washing, flush grime and grit from through wheel apertures onto brake the bodywork using a hose. Flush away components. accumulations of mud in areas where debris CAUTION: Avoid using tight-napped or easily collects (such as wheel arches and rough cloths, such as washing mitts. panel seams). If salt has been used on the CAUTION: If washing in an automatic car highways (such as during winter months), wash, use Touchless car washes only. thoroughly rinse all traces of road salt from These car washes have no parts (brushes, the underside of the vehicle. etc.) that touch the surfaces of Model S. 2. Hand Wash Using any other type of car wash could Hand wash Model S using a soft cloth and cause damage that is not covered by the cold or lukewarm water containing a mild, warranty. good quality car shampoo. CAUTION: Do not used chemical based 3. Rinse with Clean Water wheel cleaners. These can damage the After washing, rinse with clean water to finish on the wheels. prevent soap from drying on the surfaces. CAUTION: Avoid using a high pressure 4. Dry Thoroughly and Clean Exterior Glass power washer on the rear view camera or After washing and rinsing, dry thoroughly parking sensors (if equipped) and do not with a chamois. clean a sensor or camera lens with a Clean windows and mirrors using an sharp or abrasive object that can scratch automotive glass cleaner. Do not scrape, or or damage its surface. use any abrasive cleaning fluid on glass or Some cleaning products contain mirrored surfaces. chemicals that are hazardous to the environment. Always take precautions to prevent spilling. It is illegal to pollute drains, rivers and waterways. Used toxic chemicals must be disposed of at authorized waste disposal sites only. 7.12 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 13 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Cleaning Cleaning the Interior Seat Belts Frequently inspect and clean the interior to Extend the belts to wipe. Do not use any type maintain its appearance and to prevent of detergent or chemical cleaning agent. Allow premature wear. If possible, immediately wipe the belts to dry naturally while extended, up spills and remove marks. For general preferably away from direct sunlight. cleaning, wipe interior surfaces using a soft Tesla Built In Rear Facing Child Seats cloth (such as micro fiber) dampened with a mixture of warm water and mild non-detergent Vacuum the seats to remove any loose dirt. cleaner (test all cleaners on a concealed area Wipe the seats with a soft cloth dampened with before use). To avoid streaks, dry immediately warm water. You can also use an upholstery with a soft lint-free cloth. cleaner designer for automotive use. Extend the belts to wipe. Allow the belts to dry Interior Glass naturally, preferably away from direct sunlight. Do not scrape, or use any abrasive cleaning Touchscreen and Instrument Panel fluid on glass or mirrored surfaces. This can damage the reflective surface of the mirror and Clean the touchscreen and instrument panel the heating elements in the rear window. using a soft lint-free cloth specifically designed to clean monitors and displays. Do not use Airbags cleaners (such as a glass cleaner) and do not Do not allow any substance to enter an airbag use a wet wipe or a dry statically-charged cloth cover. This could affect correct operation. (such as a recently washed microfiber). Dashboard and Plastic Surfaces Chrome and Metal Surfaces Do not polish the upper surfaces of the Polish, abrasive cleaners or hard cloths can dashboard. Polished surfaces are reflective and damage the finish on chrome and metal could interfere with your driving view. surfaces. Leather Seats Cautions for Interior Cleaning Leather is prone to dye-transfer which can WARNING: If you notice any damage on cause discoloration, particularly on light an airbag or seat belt, contact Tesla colored leather. White and tan leather is coated immediately. with an anti-soiling treatment. Wipe spills as WARNING: Do not allow any water, soon as possible using a soft cloth moistened cleaners, or fabric to enter a seat belt with warm water and non-detergent soap. mechanism. Wipe gently in a circular motion. Then wipe dry CAUTION: Using solvents (including using a soft, lint-free cloth. Using detergents or alcohol), bleach, citrus, naphtha, or commercially available leather cleaners and silicone based products or additives on conditioners is not recommended because they interior components can cause damage. can discolor or dry out the leather. Cloth Seats Wipe spills as soon as possible using a soft cloth moistened with warm water and non-detergent soap. Wipe gently in a circular motion. Then wipe dry using a soft, lint-free cloth. Vacuum the seats as needed to remove any loose dirt. Carpets Avoid over-wetting carpets. For heavily soiled areas, use a diluted upholstery cleaner. MAINTENANCE 7.13

maintenance.fm Page 14 Thursday, July 25, 2013 12:49 PM Cleaning Cleaning Polishing, Touch Up, and Body Using a Car Cover Repair To preserve the cosmetic appearance of the To preserve the cosmetic appearance of the body when ModelS is not being used, use a body, you can occasionally treat the paint genuine Tesla car cover. Car covers can be surfaces with an approved polish containing: purchased from Tesla. • Very mild abrasive to remove surface contamination without removing or damaging the paint. • Filling compounds that fill scratches and reduce their visibility. • Wax to provide a protective coating between the paint and environmental elements. Regularly inspect the exterior paint for CAUTION: Never use a non-Tesla car damage. Treat minor chips and scratches using cover when Model S is plugged in. Doing a paint touch up pen (available for purchase so can prevent the Battery from being from Tesla). Use the touch-up pen after adequately cooled during charging. washing but before polishing or waxing. Repair rock chips, fractures or scratches. Body Floor Mats repairs should be performed only by a Tesla To extend the life of your carpet and make them approved body repair facility. Contact Tesla for easier to clean, use genuine Tesla floor mats. a list of approved facilities. Maintain mats by cleaning them regularly and CAUTION: Do not use cutting pastes, replacing them if they become excessively color restoration compounds, or polishes worn. containing harsh abrasives. These can WARNING: To avoid potential scour the surface and permanently damage the interference with a foot pedal, ensure paint. that the driver’s floor mat is securely CAUTION: Do not use chrome polish or fastened, and never place an additional floor other abrasive cleaners. mat on top of it. 7.14 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 15 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wiper Blades and Washer Jets Wiper Blades and Washer Jets non-detergent soap. Then, rinse the windshield Checking and Replacing Wiper Blades and wiper blades with clean water. The Periodically check and clean the edge of the windshield is clean when water beads do not wiper blade and check the rubber for cracks, form. splits and roughness. If damaged, replace the CAUTION: Only use cleaning products blade immediately to prevent damage to the approved for use on automotive glass glass. and rubber. Inappropriate products can Contaminants on the windshield, or on the cause damage or smears, and create wiper blades, can reduce the effectiveness of glare on the windshield. the wiper blades. Contaminants include ice, CAUTION: Only install replacement wax spray from car washes, washer fluid with blades that are identical to the original bug and/or water repellent, bird droppings, blades. Using inappropriate blades can tree sap, and other organic substances. damage the wiper system and affect the Follow these guidelines for cleaning: operation of the rain sensor. • Clean the windshield using non-abrasive Cleaning Washer Jets glass cleaner. • Wipe the blades clean using isopropyl The position of the windshield washers is set at (rubbing) alcohol or washer fluid. the factory and should never need adjusting. If the wipers remain ineffective after cleaning, If a windshield washer becomes blocked, use a replace the wiper blades. thin strand of wire to clear any blockages from the nozzle. For optimum performance, wiper blades should be replaced at least once a year. To replace wiper blades: 1. Lift the wiper arm away from the windshield. 2. Press the locking tab while sliding the blade down the arm. 3. To install the new blade, align the new blade on the wiper arm and slide it toward the hooked end of the arm until it locks into place. 4. Place the wiper arms with the blades against the windshield. WARNING: Do not operate the washers while cleaning Model S. Windshield washer fluid can irritate eyes and skin. Read and observe the washer fluid manufacturer’s instructions. If the problem persists with new blades, clean the windshield and wiper blades using a soft cloth or sponge and warm water with MAINTENANCE 7.15

book.book Page 16 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fluid Reservoirs Fluid Reservoirs Fluid Reservoirs Removing the Maintenance Panel Checking Battery Coolant To access fuses and check fluid levels, remove If the quantity of fluid in the cooling system the maintenance panel: drops below the recommended level, the 1. Pull the rear edge of the maintenance panel instrument panel displays a warning message. upward to release the five clips that hold Stop Model S as soon as safety permits and call the panel in place. Roadside Assistance to have Model S 2. Maneuver the maintenance panel toward transported to Tesla. the windshield to remove. Fluid Level Check Tesla checks the Battery coolant level at the regularly scheduled maintenance intervals. To check it yourself, park Model S on level ground. When ModelS is cool, remove the maintenance panel (see page 7.16). CAUTION: The maintenance panel protects the front trunk from water. When re-attaching, make sure it is fully seated. Check the fluid level visually by looking at the outside marks on the side of the reservoir. DO NOT REMOVE THE FILLER CAP AND DO NOT ADD FLUID. Doing so can result in damage not covered by the warranty. The fluid level should be between the MIN and the MAX marks. If you notice that the fluid level has dropped significantly, contact Tesla before using Model S. Topping Up the Battery Coolant Under no circumstances should you add coolant. If the instrument panel warns you that the fluid level is low, contact Tesla immediately. To maximize the performance and life of the Battery, the cooling system uses a specific type of G-48 ethylene-glycol coolant (HOAT). Contact Tesla for more specific information about the coolant. 7.16 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 17 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fluid Reservoirs Checking Brake Fluid Topping Up the Brake Fluid WARNING: Contact Tesla immediately if Do not top up your brake fluid. Tesla service you notice increased movement of the does this when you bring Model S in for regular brake pedal or a significant loss of brake fluid. servicing. The following instructions are Driving under these conditions can result in provided for information purposes and future extended stopping distances or complete reference only: brake failure. 1. Clean the filler cap before removing to The Brake indicator on the instrument prevent dirt from entering the reservoir. panel alerts you if the quantity of fluid in 2. Unscrew the cap and remove. the brake reservoir drops below the 3. Top up the reservoir to the MAX mark using recommended level. If it displays while driving, brake fluid meeting DOT3 or DOT4 stop as soon as safety permits by gently specifications. applying the brakes. Do not continue driving. 4. Replace the filler cap. Contact Tesla immediately for assistance. WARNING: Only use new fluid from a Fluid Level Check sealed air-tight container. Never use Tesla checks the brake fluid level at the previously used fluid or fluid from a previously regularly scheduled maintenance intervals. To opened container—fluid absorbs moisture check it yourself, park Model S on level ground. which decreases braking performance. When ModelS is cool, remove the maintenance WARNING: Brake fluid is highly toxic. panel (see page 7.16). Keep containers sealed and out of the reach of children. In the event of accidental consumption, seek medical attention immediately. CAUTION: Brake fluid damages painted surfaces. Immediately soak up any spills with an absorbent cloth and wash the area with a mixture of car shampoo and water. Check the fluid level visually by looking at the outside marks on the side of the reservoir without removing the filler cap. The brake fluid level should be between the MIN and the MAX marks. NOTE: The brake fluid level drops slightly during normal use, as a result of brake pad wear, but should not be allowed to drop below the MIN mark. MAINTENANCE 7.17

book.book Page 18 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fluid Reservoirs Fluid Reservoirs Topping Up Washer Fluid CAUTION: Under no circumstances do Model S has only one reservoir into which you you need to inspect or top up other fluid can add fluid. This is the washer fluid reservoir reservoirs. Two additional fluid reservoirs under the front trunk. When the level is low, a are located next to the washer fluid, but message displays on the instrument panel. Fill underneath the maintenance panel. In the until the fluid level is visible just below the filler unlikely event that you see a message on the neck. instrument panel that one of these fluid levels is low, stop Model S as soon as safety permits, Do not use formulated washer fluids that and contact Tesla. contain water repellent or bug wash. These CAUTION: Do not spill washer fluid on fluids can cause streaking, smearing, and body panels. Doing so can cause squeaking, or other noises. damage. Wipe up spills immediately and Operate the washers periodically to check that wash the affected area with water. the nozzles are clear and properly directed. WARNING: In temperatures below 4°C, To top up washer fluid: use a washer fluid with antifreeze. In cold 1. Clean the filler cap before opening to weather, using a washer fluid without antifreeze prevent dirt from entering the reservoir. can impair visibility through the windshield. 2. Open the filler cap. 3. Fill the reservoir until the fluid is visible just below the filler neck. 4. Replace the filler cap. NOTE: Some national or local regulations restrict the use of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). VOCs are commonly used as antifreeze in washer fluid. Use a washer fluid with limited VOC content only if it provides adequate freeze resistance for all climates in which you drive Model S. 7.18 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 19 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fuses Fuses Fuse Box Locations Replacing a Fuse Three fuse boxes are located under the To remove a fuse box cover, press the plastic maintenance panel, located in the front trunk. tabs on either side. For instructions on how to remove this panel, see page 7.16. Identify the fuse protecting the affected circuit. 1. Fuse box 1 (see page 7.20). DO NOT replace Refer to the label on the inside of the fuse box these fuses. If one of them fails, contact cover or the fuse tables provided in this section. Tesla. Pull the fuse to remove it. A break in the wire 2. Fuse box 2. (see page 7.21). inside the fuse indicates that the fuse has 3. Fuse box 3 (see page 7.22). blown. If Model S is equipped with the cold weather NOTE: Do not replace fuses in fuse boxes option, an additional fuse box (4) is located 1 and 4, and do not remove or replace any under the driver’s side trim panel. relays. If one of these fails, contact Tesla. WARNING: Always manually power ModelS off before replacing a fuse (see page4.6). CAUTION: Only use Tesla approved replacement fuses of the same rating and specification. Using an incorrect fuse can damage the electrical system and result in a fire. CAUTION: If a replacement fuse blows after installation, contact Tesla to have the electrical system checked. MAINTENANCE 7.19

book.book Page 20 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fuses Fuses Fuse Box 1 Access to fuse box 1 requires removal of components that must be performed by a Tesla service technician. The following fuse list is provided only to assist you in determining if a fuse in this box needs to be replaced. Contact Tesla Service if one of these fuses needs to be replaced. Fuse Rating Circuit Protected NOTE: THESE FUSES MUST BE REPLACED BY A TESLA SERVICE TECHNICIAN 1 5 A Accessory sensor, radio, USB hub 2 5 A Headlight leveling system (EU/China Coil Suspension vehicles only) 3 5 A Vanity lights, rear view mirror 4 30 A Outboard rear seat heaters (cold weather option) 5 15 A Seat heater (driver’s seat) 6 20 A Base audio amplifier 7 15 A Seat heater (front passenger seat) 820 APremium audio amplifier 9 25 A Sunroof 10 5 A Passive safety restraints 11 5 A Steering column controls 12 5 A Sensor for Drive mode and Yaw Rate (Stability/Traction Control) 13 15 A Wiper park 14 5 A Drive inverter 15 20 A Electric parking brake 16 5 A Parking/blind spot sensors 17 20 A Electric parking brake 18 5 A Not used 19 5 A In-vehicle HVAC sensor 20 5 A Cabin air heater logic 21 15 A Battery coolant pump 1 22 5 A Inlet actuators 23 15 A Powertrain coolant pump 24 5 A Cabin climate control 25 15 A Battery coolant pump 2 26 - Not used 27 10 A Thermal controller 7.20 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 21 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fuses Fuse Box 2 Fuse Rating Circuit Protected 28 25 A Window lift motor (right rear) 29 10 A Contactor power 30 25 A Window lift motor (right front) 31 - Not used 32 10 A Door controls (right side) 33 - Not used 34 30 A Rear center seat heaters, washer/wiper de-ice (cold weather option) 35 15 A 12V power socket 36 25 A Air suspension 37 25 A Window lift motor (left rear) 38 5 A Driver's seat memory 39 25 A Window lift motor (left front) 40 5 A Rear door handles 41 10 A Door controls (left side) 42 30 A Powered liftgate 43 5 A Perm. power sensor, brake switch 44 5 A Charger (charge port) 45 20 A Passive entry (horns) 46 30 A Body controls (group 2) 47 5 A Glove box light 48 10 A Body controls (group 1) 49 5 A Instrument panel 50 5 A Siren, intrusion/tilt sensor (Europe only) 51 20 A Touchscreen 52 30 A Heated rear window 53 5 A Battery management system 54 - Not used 55 30 A Left front electric seat 56 30 A Right front electric seat 57 25 A Cabin fan 58 - Not used 59 - Not used MAINTENANCE 7.21

book.book Page 22 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Fuses Fuses Fuse Box 3 Fuse Rating Circuit Protected 71 40 A Condenser fan (left) 72 40 A Condenser fan (right) 73 40 A Vacuum pump 74 20 A 12V drive rail (cabin) 75 5 A Power steering 76 5 A ABS 77 25 A Stability control 78 20 A Headlights - high/low beam 79 30 A Light - exterior/interior Fuse Box 4 If Model S is equipped with the cold weather option, an additional fuse box (4) is located under the driver’s side trim panel. Access to fuse box 4 requires removal of several components that must be performed by a Tesla service technician. The following fuse list is provided only to assist you in determining if a fuse in this box needs to be replaced. Contact Tesla Service if one of these fuses needs to be replaced. Fuse Rating Circuit Protected NOTE: THESE FUSES MUST BE REPLACED BY A TESLA SERVICE TECHNICIAN 101 15 A Left rear seat heater 102 15 A Right rear seat heater 103 15 A Middle rear seat heater control 104 15 A Middle rear seat heater 105 15 A Wiper de-icer 106 - Not used 7.22 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 23 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Jacking and Lifting Jacking and Lifting Jacking Procedure Follow the steps below to lift Model S. Ensure that any non-Tesla repair facility is aware of these lifting points. 1. Position Model S centrally between the lift posts. 2. If your Model S is equipped with Active Air Suspension, it automatically self-levels, even when power is off. Use the touchscreen to set the suspension as follows: • Touch Controls. • Press the brake pedal, then touch Very High to maximize the height of the suspension. • Touch Jack to disable self-leveling. When Jack mode is active, ModelS displays this indicator light on the instrument panel, along with a message telling you that active suspension is disabled. NOTE: Jack mode cancels automatically when ModelS is driven over 7 km/h. 3. Position the lift arm pads under the body rails at the locations illustrated. DO NOT WARNING: If your Model S is equipped position the lift arm pads under the Battery. with Active Air Suspension, it 4. Adjust the height and position of the lift automatically self-levels, even when power is arm pads to ensure they are correctly off. You MUST disable this system by engaging located. Jack mode before lifting or jacking. If you do 5. With assistance, raise the lift, ensuring the not disable Active Air Suspension, Model S can lift arm pads remain in their correct attempt to self-level, causing serious damage, positions. bodily injury, or death. WARNING: Never raise Model S when the charging cable is connected, even if charging is not in progress. WARNING: Do not work on an incorrectly supported vehicle. Doing so can cause serious damage, bodily injury, or death. CAUTION: DO NOT lift from under the Battery. Place the lift arm pads under the body rails only. The locations illustrated are the only approved lifting points for Model S. Lifting at any other points can cause damage. Damage caused by lifting Model S is not covered by the warranty. MAINTENANCE 7.23

book.book Page 24 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Parts and Accessories Parts and Accessories Parts and Accessories Parts, Accessories, and Modifications Use only genuine Tesla parts and accessories. Tesla performs rigorous testing on parts to ensure their suitability, safety, and reliability. Purchase these parts from Tesla, where they are professionally installed and where you can receive expert advice about modifications to Model S. Tesla is unable to assess parts manufactured by other distributors and therefore accepts no responsibility if you use non-Tesla parts on Model S. WARNING: Installing non-approved parts and accessories, or performing non-approved modifications, can affect the performance of Model S and the safety of its occupants. Any damage caused by using or installing non-approved parts, or by performing non-approved modifications, is not covered by the warranty. WARNING: Tesla does not accept liability for death, personal injury or damage that occurs if you use or install non-approved accessories or make non-approved modifications. Body Repairs If Model S is in a collision, contact Tesla to ensure that it is repaired with genuine Tesla parts. Tesla has selected collision repair centers that meet strict requirements for training, equipment, quality, and customer satisfaction. Some repair shops and insurance companies might suggest using non-original equipment or salvaged parts to save money. However, these parts do not meet Tesla's high standards for quality, fit and corrosion resistance. In addition, non-original equipment and salvaged parts (and any damage or failures they might cause) are not covered by the warranty. 7.24 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM SPECIFICATIONS Identification Labels Vehicle Identification Number..................... 8.2 Vehicle Loading Load Capacity Labeling................................. 8.3 Calculating Load Limits................................ 8.4 Towing a Trailer............................................... 8.4 Dimensions and Weights Exterior Dimensions........................................ 8.5 Weights................................................................ 8.5 Subsystems Motor.................................................................... 8.6 Transmission...................................................... 8.6 Steering............................................................... 8.6 Brakes.................................................................. 8.6 Suspension.......................................................... 8.7 Battery - 12V....................................................... 8.7 Battery - High Voltage................................... 8.7 Wheels and Tires Wheel Specifications..................................... 8.8 Wheel Alignment Values.............................. 8.8 Tire Specifications........................................... 8.8 Understanding Tire Markings..................... 8.10 8.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Identification Labels Identification Labels SIdPeEnCtifIFicICatiAon LTIONaSbels Vehicle Identification Number You can find the VIN at the following locations: • The top of the dashboard, stamped on a plate that can be seen by looking through the windshield. • Stamped on the chassis. Can be seen by removing the maintenance panel (see page7.16). • Printed on the Statutory Plate, located on the driver’s side door pillar. Visible when the driver’s door is open. 8.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Vehicle Loading Vehicle Loading Tire and Loading Information Label Load Capacity Labeling It is important to understand how much weight The Tire and Loading Information label your Model S can safely carry. This weight is provides: called the vehicle capacity weight and includes • The maximum number of occupant seating the weight of all occupants, cargo and any positions. additional equipment added to your Model S • The maximum vehicle capacity weight. since it was manufactured. • The size of the original tires. There are two labels attached to Model S that • The cold inflation pressures for the original state how much weight it can safely carry. front and rear tires. These pressures are These labels are located on the center door recommended to optimize ride and post and are visible when the driver’s door is handling characteristics. open: NOTE: Never change this label, even if you use different tires in the future. If Model S is loaded to its full capacity, double check all tires to ensure they are inflated to their recommended pressure levels. 1. Tire and Loading Information label 2. Statutory Plate WARNING: Overloading Model S has an adverse effect on braking and handling, which can compromise your safety or damage ModelS. CAUTION: Never load more than 136 kg in the front trunk. Doing so can cause damage. CAUTION: Never store large amounts of liquid in Model S. Significant liquid spills can cause electrical components to malfunction. SPECIFICATIONS 8.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Vehicle Loading Vehicle Loading Statutory Plate WARNING: The front and rear trunks are In addition to the VIN, the Statutory Plate the preferred places to carry objects. In provides: an accident, or during hard braking and sharp • GVWR - Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. The turns, loose items in the cabin could injure maximum allowable total mass of Model S. occupants. This is calculated as the weight of Model S, Example Load Limit Calculations all passengers, fluids, and cargo. • GAWR - Gross Axle Weight Rating for the How much cargo you can carry in Model S front and rear axles. The GAWR is the depends on the number and weight of maximum distributed weight that each axle passengers. The following are typical examples can support. of calculated load limits. These examples assume passengers weighing 68 kg. If the passengers weigh more or less, the available cargo and luggage load capacity decreases or increases respectively. Example 1: Driver and one passenger Description Total Vehicle capacity weight 433kg Subtract occupant weight 136 kg CAUTION: To prevent damage, never (2 x 68 kg) load Model S so that it is heavier than the Available cargo weight 297 kg GVWR or exceeds the individual GAWR weights. Example 2: Driver and four passengers Calculating Load Limits Description Total Vehicle capacity weight 433kg 1. Locate the statement “The combined Subtract occupant weight weight of occupants and cargo should (5 x 68 kg) 340kg never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s “Tire and Loading Information” Available cargo weight 93 kg label. The available cargo or luggage weight should 2. Determine the combined weight of the then be distributed between the front and rear driver and passengers that will be riding in trunks. the vehicle. 3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver CAUTION: Do not exceed the maximum and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs front trunk load weight of 136 kg. (see Step 1). 4. The resulting figure equals the available Towing a Trailer amount of cargo and luggage load WARNING: Do not tow a trailer. Model S capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount does not support a trailer hitch. Installing equals 635 kg, and there will be five 68 kg one could damage Model S and increase the passengers in the vehicle, the amount of risk of an accident. available cargo and luggage capacity is 294 kg (635-340 (5x68)=294 kg). 5. Determine the combined weight of cargo and luggage being loaded on the vehicle. That weight must not exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step4. 8.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 5 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Dimensions and Weights Dimensions and Weights Exterior Dimensions AOverall Length 196 in 4,970 mm B Overall Width (including mirrors) 86.2 in 2,189 mm C Overall Height 57 in 1,445 mm D Wheel Base 116.5 in 2,960 mm EOverhang - Front 37 in 929 mm F Overhang - Rear 42.5 in 1080 mm G Ground Clearance (air suspension) 5.35 in 136 mm HTrack - Front 65.4 in 1,662 mm Track - Rear 66.9 in 1,700 mm Weights Curb Weight* (assuming the 85 kWh Battery) 4,630 lbs 2,100 kg Gross Vehicle Weight Rating Gross Axle Weight Rating - Front Printed on the Statutory Plate. See page 8.4. Gross Axle Weight Rating - Rear Trailer Towing Not permissible *Curb Weight = weight of the vehicle with correct fluid levels, no occupants and no cargo SPECIFICATIONS 8.5

book.book Page 6 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Subsystems Subsystems Subsystems Motor Type AC induction motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive Rating 375 Volts Maximum Speed 16000 rpm Transmission Type Single speed fixed gear Overall Final Drive Ratio 9.73:1 Reverse Gear Reverse direction of motor, limited to 24 km/h Steering Type Rack and pinion with electronic power steering Variable ratio and speed sensitive Number of turns lock to lock 2.45 Turning Circle (curb to curb) 11.3 metres Brakes Type 4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) with Electronic Brake Force Distribution, Integrated Advanced Stability Control and Electronic Accelerator pedal actuated regenerative braking system Calipers Four piston fixed Rotor Diameters (ventilated) Front: 13.98”/355 mm Rear: 14.37”/365 mm Front Rotor thickness New: 1.26”/32 mm Service limit: 1.18”/30 mm Rear Rotor thickness New: 1.10”/28 mm Service limit: 1.02”/26 mm Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back New: 0.354”/9.0 mm plate) Service limit: 0.078”/2 mm Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back New: 0.315”/8.0 mm plate) Service limit: 0.078”/2 mm Electronic Parking Brake (EPB) Pad New: 0.216”/5.5 mm Thickness (excluding back plate). Electronic Service limit: 0.039”/1 mm calipers self-adjust for pad wear. Parking brake Electrically actuated parking brake calipers 8.6 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 7 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Subsystems Suspension Front Independent, double wishbone Air spring or coil spring/telescopic damper Sway bar Rear Independent Multi-link Air spring or coil spring/telescopic damper Sway bar (air suspension vehicles only) For alignment values, see page 8.8. Battery - 12V Type EXIDE U1R370XPW Maintenance free, sealed for life Rating 35 amp-hr Cold Cranking Amps (CCA): 320 A Voltage and Polarity 12V negative (-) Battery - High Voltage Type Liquid-cooled Lithium ion (Li-ion) Rating 60 or 85 kWh (at beginning of life) Voltage and Polarity 366V DC Negative (-) ground Temperature Range Do not expose the High Voltage Battery to ambient temperatures above 60° C or below -30° C for more than 24 hours at a time. SPECIFICATIONS 8.7

book.book Page 8 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wheels and Tires Wheels and Tires Wheels and Tires Wheel Specifications Wheel Type Location Size Offset 19” Front 8.0J x 19 40 mm Rear 8.0J x 19 40 mm 21” - Silver (standard) Front 8.5J x 21 40 mm 21” - Grey (standard) Rear 8.5J x 21 40 mm 21” - Silver and Grey (optional) Rear 9.0J x 21 40 mm Performance Plus vehicles Road Wheel Nut Torque 129 lb.ft Requirements for dynamic wheel balance 14 grams NOTE: For instructions on how to jack/lift Model S, see page 7.23. Wheel Alignment Values Air Suspension Coil Suspension Location Front Rear Front Rear o o o o o o o o Camber -0.75 +/- 0.35 -1.75 +/- 0.35 -.53 +/- 0.35 -1.55 +/- 0.35 o o o o o o o o Camber Split -0.00 +/- 0.20 -0.00 +/- 0.50 -0.00 +/- 0.20 -0.00 +/- 0.50 o o o o Caster 4.00 +/- 0.50 n/a 3.70 +/- 0.50 n/a o o o o Caster Split 0.00 +/- 0.20 n/a 0.00 +/- 0.20 n/a o o o o o o o Single Wheel OUT 0.05 OUT 0.15 IN 0.20 +/- 0.05 IN 0.02 OUT 0.08 IN 0.185 +/- 0.05 Toe IN 0.05o IN 0.12o o o o o Thrust Angle n/a 0.00 +/- 0.30 n/a 0.00 +/- 0.30 Suspension 213.5 +/- 5 mm Standard models: 230 mm (nominal) 158 mm Bolt Height 144 +/- 5 mm (nominal) (at design) Performance Plus: 151 +/- 5 mm 8.8 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 9 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wheels and Tires Tire Specifications Tire Type Location Size 19” wheels: Goodyear Eagle RS-A2 All P245/45R19 98V 21” wheels on standard vehicles: All P245/35R21 96Y Michelin Pilot Sport 21” wheels on Performance Plus vehicles: Front P245/35R21 96Y Michelin Rear P265/35R21 101Y Tire pressures vary depending on the type of tires fitted on Model S. Refer to the tire pressures printed on the Tire and Loading Information label. This label is located on the driver’s door pillar and is visible when the driver’s door is open (see page 7.3). Winter tires (Pirelli Sottozero or Nokian Studded - P245/45R19) can be purchased from a Tesla store. SPECIFICATIONS 8.9

book.book Page 10 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wheels and Tires Wheels and Tires Understanding Tire Markings Laws require tire manufacturers to place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires. This information identifies and describes the fundamental characteristics of the tire. 8.10 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 11 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Wheels and Tires 1 Tire category. P indicates that the tire is for passenger vehicles. 2 Tire width. This 3-digit number is the width (in millimeters) of the tire from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. 3 Aspect ratio. This 2-digit number is the sidewall height as a percentage of the tread width. So, if the tread width is 205 mm, and the aspect ratio is 50, the sidewall height is 102 mm. 4 Tire construction. R indicates that the tire is of Radial ply construction. 5 Wheel diameter. This 2-digit number is the diameter of the wheel rim in inches. 6 Load index. This 2 or 3-digit number is the weight each tire can support. This number is not always shown. 7 Speed rating. When stated, indicates the maximum speed (in mph) at which the tire can be used for extended periods. Q 99 T 118 V 149 R106U124W168 S112 H130 Y186 8 Tire composition and materials. The number of plies in both the tread area and the sidewall area indicates how many layers of rubber coated material make up the structure of the tire. Information is also provided on the type of materials used. 9 Maximum tire load. The maximum load which can be carried by the tire. 10 Maximum permissible inflation pressure. This pressure should not be used for normal driving. 11 U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN). Begins with the letters DOT and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The next 2 digits/letters represent the plant code where it was manufactured, and the last 4 digits represent the week and year of manufacture. For example, the number 1712 is used to represent the 17th week of 2012. The other numbers are marketing codes used at the manufacturer’s discretion. This information can be used to contact consumers if a tire defect requires a recall. 12 Treadwear grade. This number indicates the tire’s wear rate. The higher the treadwear number is, the longer it should take for the tread to wear down. A tire rated at 400, for example, lasts twice as long as a tire rated at 200. 13 Traction grade. Indicates a tire’s ability to stop on wet roads. A higher graded tire should allow you to stop your vehicle in a shorter distance than a tire with a lower grade. Traction is graded from highest to lowest as AA, A, B, and C. 14 Temperature grade. The tire’s resistance to heat is grade A, B, or C, with A indicating the greatest resistance. This grading is provided for a correctly inflated tire, which is being used within its speed and loading limits. SPECIFICATIONS 8.11

book.book Page 12 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE About Roadside Assistance Contacting Roadside Assistance................ 9.2 Regional Roadside Assistance Numbers. 9.2 Instructions for Transporters Use a Flatbed Only......................................... 9.3 Disable Self-Leveling (air suspension vehi- cles only)............................................................ 9.3 Activate Tow Mode........................................ 9.3 Connect the Tow Chain................................ 9.3 Pull Onto the Trailer and Secure the Wheels...................................................... 9.4 9.1

assistance.fm Page 2 Thursday, July 25, 2013 10:59 AM About Roadside Assistance About Roadside Assistance RAboOADutSI RDoaEd ASSIside AsSTAsNisCtaEnce Greece (Toll Free) . . . . + 0800 1809 205 0645 Contacting Roadside Assistance Tesla Roadside Assistance is available to you, Hungary (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9515 24 hours a day, 365 days a year for the duration Iceland (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9516 of your warranty period. Ireland (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9517 To contact Roadside Assistance, call the Italy (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9518 number for your region, listed on this page. Italy (Toll Free) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 800 122 709 Advise the representative of the vehicle Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9519 identification number (VIN), license plate Liechtenstein (Toll) . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9520 number, mileage, your location, and the nature of the problem. The VIN is on the upper Liechtenstein (Toll Free). . . . . .+ 0800 558 847 dashboard on the driver’s side of your vehicle Lithuania (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9521 and is visible through the windshield. Luxembourg (Toll). . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9522 For a complete description of the terms and Luxembourg (Toll Free) . . . + 0800 8002 2538 conditions of the Tesla Roadside Assistance Malta (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9523 Program, refer to the policy that was provided to you by Tesla when you purchased Model S. Monaco (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9524 It is your responsibility to provide vehicle Monaco (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . . . + 0800 94 1029 transporters with instructions on how to Netherlands (Toll) . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9525 transport Model S (see page 9.3). Netherlands (Toll Free). . . . . . + 0800 0200160 Norway (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9527 Regional Roadside Assistance Norway (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 800 11 093 Numbers Poland (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9528 A toll free number is available in most European Poland (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . . . . + 800 141 01492 regions. If a toll free number is not listed below, Portugal (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9529 go to www.teslamotors.com to check if a toll free number has become available in your area. Romania (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9530 Andorra (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9501 San Marino (Toll) . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9531 Andorra (Toll Free) . . . . . . . . . .+ 0800 914 590 Slovakia (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9532 Austria (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9502 Slovenia (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9533 Austria (Toll Free) . . . . . . . . . . + 0800 88 0992 Spain (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9534 Belgium (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9503 Sweden (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9535 Belgium (Toll Free) . . . . . . . . . . .+ 0800 29 027 Switzerland (Toll). . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9536 Bulgaria (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9504 Switzerland (Toll Free) . . . . . . . + 0800 83 7521 Croatia (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9505 United Kingdom (Toll). . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9537 Cyprus (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9506 United Kingdom (Toll Free). .+ 0800 358 5774 Czech Republic (Toll) . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9507 Denmark (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9508 Denmark (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . . . .+ 800 71 1024 Estonia (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9509 Finland (Toll). . . . . . . . . . . . .+ 31 (0)13 799 9510 France (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9511 France (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . . . .+ 0800 94 1029 Germany (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9512 Germany (Toll Free). . . . . . . . . + 0800 5893542 Gibraltar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9513 Greece (Toll) . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 31 (0)13 799 9514 9.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 3 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Instructions for Transporters Instructions for Transporters 2. Press the brake pedal, then on the Use a Flatbed Only Use a flatbed trailer only, unless otherwise touchscreen, touch Controls > E-Brake & specified by Tesla. Do not transport Model S Power Off > Tow Mode. with the tires directly on the ground. When Tow mode is active, Model S displays this indicator light on the instrument panel, along with a message telling you that Model S is free rolling. NOTE: Tow mode cancels when Model S is shifted into Park. CAUTION: If the electrical system is not CAUTION: Damage caused by transporting working, and you therefore cannot is not covered by the warranty. release the electric parking brake, attempt to quick start the 12V battery. For To transport Model S, follow the instructions instructions, call the number noted on the exactly as described next. previous page. If a situation occurs where you cannot disengage the parking brake, use tire Disable Self-Leveling (air skids or transport Model S for the shortest suspension vehicles only) possible distance using wheeled dollies. Before doing so, always check the dolly If Model S is equipped with Active Air manufacturer’s specifications and Suspension, it automatically self-levels, even recommended load capacity. when power is off. To prevent damage, you must activate JACK mode to disable Connect the Tow Chain self-leveling: 1. Touch CONTROLS on the bottom left of the 1. Remove the nose cone. touchscreen. Insert a plastic pry tool into the top right 2. Press the brake pedal, then touch Controls corner, and gently pry the nose cone > Very High to maximize height. towards you. When the clip releases, pull 3. Touch Jack. the nose cone towards you, without When Jack mode is active, twisting or bending it, to release the three ModelS displays this indicator remaining clips. light on the instrument panel, along with a message telling you that active suspension is disabled. NOTE: Jack mode cancels when Model S is driven over 7 km/h. CAUTION: Failure to activate Jack mode can cause Model S to become loose while being transported, resulting in significant damage. Activate Tow Mode Model S automatically shifts into Park CAUTION: Do not use a metal object whenever you open the door to exit, even if you (such as a screwdriver). Doing so can shifted into Neutral. To keep Model S in Neutral damage the nose cone and the (which disengages the parking brake), you surrounding area. must activate tow mode: 1. Shift into Park. ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE 9.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Instructions for Transporters Instructions for Transporters 2. Insert the towing eye. Fully insert the towing eye (found in the front trunk) into the opening on the right side, then turn counter-clockwise until securely fastened. 3. Attach the tow chain to the towing eye. CAUTION: Before pulling, make sure the towing eye is securely tightened. Pull Onto the Trailer and Secure the Wheels Secure wheels using chocks and tie-down straps: • Ensure any metal parts on the tie-down straps do not contact painted surfaces or the face of the wheels. • Do not place straps over body panels or through the wheels. CAUTION: Attaching straps to the chassis, suspension or other parts of the body can cause damage. CAUTION: To prevent damage, do not transport Model S with the tires directly on the ground. 9.4 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM CONSUMER INFORMATION Disclaimers Vehicle Telematics/Data Recorders....... 10.2 Quality Control................................................ 10.2 Reporting Concerns Contacting Tesla............................................. 10.3 10.1

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Disclaimers Disclaimers CDOiscNlaSUimMeErsR INFORMATION • Used for research purposes without Vehicle Telematics/Data Recorders This vehicle is equipped with electronic disclosing details of the vehicle owner or modules that monitor and record data from identification information. various vehicle systems, including the motor, • Disclosed to a Tesla affiliated company, Battery, braking and electrical systems. The including their successors or assigns, or our electronic modules record information about information systems and data management various driving and vehicle conditions, providers. including braking, acceleration, trip and other In addition, Tesla does not disclose the data related information regarding your vehicle. recorded to an owner unless it pertains to a These modules also record information about non-warranty repair service and in this case, the vehicle’s features such as charging events will disclose only the data that is related to the and status, the enabling/disabling of various repair. systems, diagnostic trouble codes, VIN, speed, direction and location. Quality Control The data is stored by the vehicle and may be You might notice a few kms on the odometer accessed, used and stored by Tesla service when you take delivery of your Model S. This is technicians during vehicle servicing or a result of a comprehensive testing process periodically transmitted to Tesla wirelessly that ensures the quality of your Model S. through the vehicle’s telematics system. This data may be used by Tesla for various purposes, The testing process includes extensive including, but not limited to: providing you with inspections during and after production. The Tesla telematics services; troubleshooting; final inspection takes place at Tesla Motors and evaluation of your vehicle’s quality, includes a road test conducted by a Tesla functionality and performance; analysis and technician. research by Tesla and its partners for the improvement and design of our vehicles and systems; and as otherwise may be required by law. In servicing your vehicle, we can potentially resolve issues remotely simply by reviewing your vehicle’s data log. Tesla’s telematics system wirelessly transmits vehicle information to Tesla on a periodic basis. The data is used as described above and helps ensure the proper maintenance of your vehicle. Additional Model S features may use your vehicle’s telematics system and the information provided, including features such as charging reminders, software updates, and remote access to, and control of, various systems of your vehicle. Tesla does not disclose the data recorded in your vehicle to any third party except when: • An agreement or consent from the vehicle’s owner (or the leasing company for a leased vehicle) is obtained. • Officially requested by the police or other authorities. • Used as a defense for Tesla in a lawsuit. • Ordered by a court of law. 10.2 MODEL S OWNERS MANUAL

consumerinfo.fm Page 3 Friday, July 26, 2013 1:06 PM Reporting Concerns Reporting Concerns Contacting Tesla For detailed information about your ModelS, go to www.teslamotors.com, click the MYTESLA link, then enter your login credentials (or sign up to get these credentials). If you have any questions or concerns about your ModelS, call Tesla. To find the number for your region, go to www.teslamotors,.com, select your region at the bottom of the page, then view contact information. CONSUMER INFORMATION 10.3

book.book Page 4 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page i Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX A body repairs ......................................................... 7-24 ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) .................4-20 body touch up .....................................................7-14 access panel, removing .....................................7-16 brake fluid replacement .....................................7-2 accessories, installing ...................................... 7-24 brakes accessories, plugging into power socket .5-16 anti-lock (ABS) ..............................................4-20 air circulation .........................................................5-9 emergency braking ......................................4-20 air conditioning fluid level ........................................................... 7-17 operating tips ................................................. 5-10 inspecting ........................................................4-20 overview .............................................................5-8 regenerative braking ....................................4-21 air distribution .......................................................5-9 specifications ....................................................8-6 air filter ................................................................... 5-10 wear ...................................................................4-20 air suspension automatic adjustments .................................5-11 C indicator lights ..................................................5-11 cabin temperature control ................................5-8 Jack mode ..........................................................5-11 camera (rear view) ............................................4-24 manual settings ................................................5-11 capacity weight .....................................................8-3 air vents .................................................................. 5-10 car cover ................................................................ 7-14 airbags car washes ............................................................. 7-12 after a collision ................................................3-18 carpets, cleaning ................................................. 7-13 front passenger, disabling ..........................3-17 chains ........................................................................7-6 how they work ................................................ 3-16 charge cable indicator lights .................................................3-18 connecting ..........................................................6-5 inflation effects ...............................................3-18 disconnecting ....................................................6-5 location of .........................................................3-15 charge current .......................................................6-7 safety information ..........................................3-18 charge levels ...........................................................6-7 types of ............................................................. 3-16 charge port .............................................................6-5 alarm ........................................................................5-22 charge port light .................................................. 6-6 antifreeze ................................................................7-16 charging anti-lock braking (ABS) ..................................4-20 adapters ..............................................................6-3 audio charge port ........................................................6-5 devices, connecting ...................................... 5-16 connecting the charge cable ......................6-5 devices, playing from ....................................5-15 current setting ..................................................6-7 playing files .......................................................5-15 disconnecting the charge cable .................6-5 steering wheel buttons .................................4-3 equipment summary ......................................6-3 automatic car washes ........................................7-12 High Power Wall Connector ........................6-3 instructions .........................................................6-5 B light ...................................................................... 6-6 backup camera ...................................................4-24 mobile equipment for ....................................6-3 battery (12V) public charging stations ................................6-3 going flat ............................................................6-4 set charge limit .................................................6-7 specifications ....................................................8-7 settings ................................................................6-7 Battery (high voltage) status ....................................................................6-8 care of ..................................................................6-4 stopping ..............................................................6-5 coolant ................................................................7-16 charging schedule, setting ................................6-7 discharge, impact of .......................................6-4 child protection fluid check .........................................................7-16 disabling liftgate ..............................................2-5 general information ........................................6-4 disabling rear door handles .........................2-5 specifications ....................................................8-7 locking rear windows .....................................2-7 temperature limits ...........................................6-4 child seats battery (key), replacing .....................................2-3 choosing ..............................................................3-7 Bluetooth general guidelines ...........................................3-7 audio devices, connecting ..........................5-15 installation methods .......................................3-8 general information .......................................5-17 installing multiple .............................................3-9 phone, connecting .........................................5-18 ISOFIX type, installing ...................................3-9 phone, contacts and media ........................5-17 larger children ...................................................3-8 phone, disconnecting ...................................5-17 rear facing, opening ....................................... 3-11 phone, pairing ..................................................5-17 rear facing, restrictions ................................ 3-11 phone, unpairing .............................................5-17 rear facing, safety ..........................................3-14 rear facing, seating a child ......................... 3-13 i

book.book Page ii Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX INDEX safety information .........................................3-10 driver seat belt retained, installing ........................3-8 profiles, creating ............................................. 4-2 testing ................................................................3-10 seat adjustment ................................................3-2 upper tether straps .......................................3-10 seating position ................................................3-2 cleaning driving exterior ...............................................................7-12 energy gains ....................................................4-21 interior ............................................................... 7-13 seating position ................................................3-2 climate control starting Model S .............................................. 4-6 operating tips ..................................................5-10 tips to maximize range ................................4-19 overview ..............................................................5-8 cold weather option ..........................................4-15 E console armrests ............................................................ 2-14 electric parking brake .......................................4-21 cup holders ...................................................... 2-14 emergency flashers ............................................4-14 power socket ................................................... 5-16 emergency rear door opening ........................ 2-6 USB ports .......................................................... 5-16 energy contact information app .......................................................................4-19 Tesla ....................................................................10-3 displaying usage of .......................................4-19 coolant gained from regenerative braking ..........4-21 Battery (high voltage) ................................. 7-16 graph ..................................................................4-19 replacement of .................................................7-2 range information ........................................... 4-8 cornering lights ................................................... 4-13 tips to minimize usage of ...........................4-19 cruise control ...................................................... 4-23 event data recording .........................................10-2 cup holders ........................................................... 2-14 exterior current, charging ..................................................6-7 car cover ...........................................................7-14 customizing Model S ...........................................5-6 cleaning ............................................................. 7-12 dimensions ..........................................................8-5 D overview ...............................................................1-3 polishing, touch up, & repair ......................7-14 DAB radio .............................................................. 5-13 specifications .....................................................8-5 dashboard overview .............................................1-2 exterior lights, controlling ................................4-11 data recording .....................................................10-2 de-icing ................................................................... 4-15 F delivery mileage ..................................................10-2 devices fan speed, interior ................................................ 5-9 Bluetooth, playing audio files ................... 5-15 favorites, adding and removing ....................5-15 connecting ....................................................... 5-16 features, downloading new ...........................5-24 playing audio files from ............................... 5-15 flash drives dimensions ..............................................................8-5 connecting ........................................................5-16 dome (map) lights .............................................. 4-11 playing audio from ........................................5-15 door handles flashers, warning .................................................4-14 exterior ................................................................2-4 flat tire repair ..........................................................7-8 interior .................................................................2-4 floor mats ...............................................................7-14 door labels ...............................................................8-3 fluids doors Battery (high voltage) .................................7-16 child protection locks ....................................2-5 brake ................................................................... 7-17 drive-away locking ..........................................2-5 replacement of ..................................................7-2 interior rear, opening with no power .......2-6 windshield washer .........................................7-18 locking and unlocking, key ..........................2-2 fog lights .................................................................4-11 locking and unlocking, touchscreen ........2-4 free rolling .............................................................. 4-7 opening exterior, no power .........................2-5 front passenger detection ...............................3-17 opening, exterior handles .............................2-4 front suspension specifications .......................8-7 opening, interior handles ..............................2-4 front trunk unlocking when key does not work .........2-5 closing ................................................................2-10 walk-away locking ...........................................2-5 opening ..............................................................2-10 drive gear ................................................................4-7 drive-away locking ...............................................2-5 ii

book.book Page iii Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX fuses tire pressure .......................................................7-3 accessing ...........................................................7-16 traction control .............................................. 4-22 fuse box 1 ......................................................... 7-20 instrument panel fuse box 2 ..........................................................7-21 charging status .................................................6-8 fuse box 3 .........................................................7-22 cleaning ............................................................. 7-13 fuse box locations ..........................................7-19 indicator lights ................................................. 4-9 replacing ............................................................7-19 overview ............................................................. 4-8 power meter ....................................................4-21 G when car is off ................................................. 4-8 when driving ..................................................... 4-8 garage doors, opening .....................................5-23 interior cleaning .................................................. 7-13 gates, opening .....................................................5-23 interior lights, controlling .................................4-11 GAWR .......................................................................8-4 interior overview ....................................................1-2 gears, shifting ........................................................4-7 interior temperature control ............................5-8 glove box ................................................................2-13 Internet radio ........................................................5-14 Gross Axle Weight Rating ................................8-4 intrusion detection ............................................ 5-22 Gross Vehicle Weight Rating ...........................8-4 ISOFIX child seats, installing ............................3-9 ground clearance .................................................8-5 GVWR .......................................................................8-4 J H J1772 ..........................................................................6-3 Jack mode .............................................................. 5-11 hazard warning flashers ...................................4-14 jacking Model S .................................................. 7-23 head supports ........................................................3-3 headlights ............................................................... 4-11 K after exit ............................................................ 4-13 cornering lights .............................................. 4-13 key headlights, when cornering ............................ 4-13 how to use ..........................................................2-2 heated wipers ...................................................... 4-15 key not inside ................................................... 4-6 heating not detected ......................................................2-5 operating tips ................................................. 5-10 ordering extras .................................................2-3 overview .............................................................5-8 replacing battery .............................................2-3 height adjustments (suspension) keyless entry ...........................................................2-2 automatic ...........................................................5-11 Jack mode ..........................................................5-11 L manual settings ................................................5-11 high voltage label Battery specifications ....................................8-7 Statutory Plate ................................................. 8-4 components, overview of .............................6-2 Tire and Loading Information .....................8-3 safety ..........................................................6-2, 7-2 lane change flash ................................................4-14 hitches ......................................................................8-4 leather care ........................................................... 7-13 HomeLink liftgate programming ..................................................5-23 adjust opening height ....................................2-8 using ...................................................................5-23 closing ..................................................................2-8 hood disabling interior handle ...............................2-5 closing ................................................................ 2-10 interior release ..................................................2-9 opening ............................................................. 2-10 opening ................................................................2-8 horn ............................................................................4-4 opening, no power ..........................................2-9 lifting Model S ..................................................... 7-23 I lights convenience lights .........................................4-11 Ideal range ..............................................................4-8 cornering lights ..............................................4-13 identification number (VIN) .............................8-2 exterior ............................................................... 4-11 indicator lights fog lights ............................................................4-11 ABS ....................................................................4-20 hazard warning ...............................................4-14 air suspension ...................................................5-11 headlights .......................................................... 4-11 airbag ..................................................................3-18 headlights after exit ......................................4-13 Jack mode ..........................................................5-11 interior ................................................................. 4-11 summary of ........................................................4-9 turn signals .......................................................4-14 iii

book.book Page iv Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX INDEX loading N determining load limit ....................................8-4 navigation general information ........................................8-3 entering a destination .................................5-20 information label for .......................................8-3 overview ...............................................5-19, 5-20 lock/unlock status ..................................... 2-4, 4-8 Neutral gear, maintaining ................................. 4-7 locking drive-away ..........................................................2-5 using the touchscreen ...................................2-4 O walk-away ...........................................................2-5 with key ...............................................................2-2 odometer lumbar support ......................................................3-2 on instrument panel ....................................... 4-8 on touchscreen ...............................................4-18 M P maintenance brake fluid ..........................................................7-17 Park Assist daily checks .......................................................7-2 how it works ....................................................4-16 exterior cleaning .............................................7-12 limitations and false warnings ..................4-17 fluid replacement .............................................7-2 turning chimes on and off ..........................4-17 fuse replacement ........................................... 7-19 visual and audio feedback ..........................4-16 inspecting tires .................................................7-4 park gear ................................................................. 4-7 interior cleaning ............................................. 7-13 parking brake .......................................................4-21 monthly checks ................................................7-2 parts replacement .............................................7-24 removing access panel ................................ 7-16 passive unlocking .................................................2-2 replacing wiper blades ................................ 7-15 phone service intervals ...............................................7-2 Bluetooth, general information ................5-17 tire pressures .....................................................7-3 call menu ...........................................................5-18 washer fluid ...................................................... 7-18 connecting ........................................................5-18 windshield washer jets ................................ 7-15 importing contacts and media .................5-17 mats ......................................................................... 7-14 instrument panel menu ................................5-18 media making a call ....................................................5-18 DAB radio ......................................................... 5-13 pairing ................................................................ 5-17 favorites ............................................................ 5-15 receiving a call ................................................5-18 Internet radio .................................................. 5-14 steering wheel buttons .................................4-4 playing audio files ......................................... 5-15 unpairing or disconnecting ........................5-17 radio .................................................................... 5-12 power meter .........................................................4-21 TuneIn radio ..................................................... 5-14 power on ................................................................. 4-6 volume .................................................................4-3 power socket ........................................................5-16 mileage upon delivery ......................................10-2 power windows .....................................................2-7 mirrors powering off Model S ......................................... 4-6 adjusting .............................................................4-5 powering on Model S .........................................4-6 automatic dimming .........................................4-5 preferences, setting ............................................ 5-6 auto-tilt ................................................................4-5 public charging stations .................................... 6-3 rear view .............................................................4-5 when reversing .................................................4-5 R mobile app ........................................................... 5-25 Mobile Connector radio components .......................................................6-3 DAB ..................................................................... 5-13 connecting .........................................................6-5 Direct Tune .......................................................5-13 disconnecting ....................................................6-5 favorite stations ..............................................5-15 modifications ....................................................... 7-24 Internet radio ...................................................5-14 motor specifications ............................................8-6 overview ............................................................ 5-12 traffic alerts ......................................................5-14 TuneIn .................................................................5-14 rain sensor .............................................................4-15 iv

book.book Page v Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX range specifications displayed on instrument panel ...................4-8 12V battery .........................................................8-7 driving tips to maximize .............................4-19 brakes ...................................................................8-6 regenerative braking .................................... 4-21 dimensions .........................................................8-5 Rated range ............................................................4-8 exterior ................................................................8-5 rear facing child seats high voltage Battery .......................................8-7 folding .................................................................3-12 motor ....................................................................8-6 opening ...............................................................3-11 steering ................................................................8-6 safety information ......................................... 3-14 suspension ..........................................................8-7 seating a child ..................................................3-13 tires .......................................................................8-8 usage restrictions ............................................3-11 transmission .......................................................8-6 rear seats weights ................................................................8-5 folding .................................................................. 3-3 wheels ..................................................................8-8 raising .................................................................. 3-3 stability control .................................................. 4-22 rear view camera ...............................................4-24 starting Model S ................................................... 4-6 rear window switches, disabling ....................2-7 Statutory Plate ...................................................... 8-4 regenerative braking ......................................... 4-21 steering specifications ........................................8-6 release notes ....................................................... 5-24 steering wheel remote window opening ...................................2-7 adjusting position ............................................4-3 reverse gear ............................................................4-7 adjusting sensitivity ........................................4-3 roadside assistance .............................................9-2 controls, left .......................................................4-3 controls, right ................................................... 4-4 S sunroof .................................................................... 2-12 suspension safety information automatic adjustments ................................. 5-11 airbags ................................................................3-18 indicator lights ................................................. 5-11 child seats ........................................................ 3-10 Jack mode ......................................................... 5-11 rear facing child seats ................................. 3-14 manual settings ............................................... 5-11 seat belts ............................................................3-6 seat belts T cleaning ..............................................................7-13 fastening .............................................................3-4 telematics ..............................................................10-2 in a collision .......................................................3-5 telephone overview .............................................................3-4 answering a call ............................................... 4-4 pre-tensioners ...................................................3-5 Bluetooth, general information ................ 5-17 safety instructions ...........................................3-6 call menu ........................................................... 5-18 testing .................................................................. 3-5 connecting ........................................................ 5-18 wearing ................................................................3-4 displaying call menu ...................................... 4-4 wearing when pregnant ................................3-4 instrument panel menu ...............................5-18 seat covers ..............................................................3-3 making a call .................................................... 5-18 seat heaters ............................................................5-8 receiving a call ................................................ 5-18 seating capacity ....................................................8-3 steering wheel buttons ................................. 4-4 seating position, driver ......................................3-2 temperature seats Battery (high voltage), limits ..................... 6-4 adjusting .............................................................3-2 cabin, controls for ...........................................5-8 heaters .................................................................5-8 cabin, operating tips .....................................5-10 rear facing, folding .........................................3-12 outside ................................................................ 4-8 rear facing, opening ...........................3-11, 3-12 tie-down straps .................................................... 9-4 rear facing, safety information ................. 3-14 tilt detection ........................................................ 5-22 rear facing, seating a child ..........................3-13 Tire Pressure Monitoring System rear facing, usage restrictions ....................3-11 malfunction ........................................................7-6 security settings .................................................5-22 overview ..............................................................7-6 service data recording ..................................... 10-2 replacing a tire sensor ...................................7-7 service intervals .................................................... 7-2 tire pressure, checking .......................................7-3 Settings ....................................................................5-6 tire repair kit ...........................................................7-8 shifting gears .........................................................4-7 inflating with air only ....................................7-10 software updates .............................................. 5-24 inflating with sealant ......................................7-9 replacing the sealant canister .................... 7-11 v

book.book Page vi Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX INDEX tires trunk, rear asymmetric ........................................................7-5 adjust opening height ....................................2-8 balancing ............................................................7-4 child protection locks .....................................2-5 chains ...................................................................7-6 closing ..................................................................2-8 flat spots .............................................................7-4 disabling interior handle ...............................2-5 inspecting .................................................7-4, 7-5 interior release ................................................. 2-9 installing new ....................................................7-5 opening ................................................................2-8 pressure monitoring .......................................7-6 opening, no power ......................................... 2-9 pressures, how to check ...............................7-3 Ttire and Loading Information label ..............8-3 punctures ............................................................7-4 TuneIn ......................................................................5-14 replacing .............................................................7-5 turn signals ............................................................4-14 replacing a tire sensor ...................................7-7 replacing tire sealant ......................................7-11 U rotation of ...........................................................7-4 specification ......................................................8-8 Units & Format ...................................................... 5-6 tire sealant ..........................................................7-8 unlocking understanding tire markings .....................8-10 passive .................................................................2-2 wear patterns ....................................................7-4 trunk, front ........................................................2-10 winter ...................................................................7-5 trunk, rear ...........................................................2-8 touch up body ..................................................... 7-14 using the touchscreen ................................... 2-4 touchscreen when key does not work ...............................2-5 brightness ...........................................................5-2 with key ...............................................................2-2 cleaning ............................................................. 7-13 USB devices Controls ...............................................................5-4 connecting ........................................................5-16 overview ..............................................................5-2 playing audio files from ...............................5-15 Settings ...............................................................5-6 USB ports ...............................................................5-16 software updates .......................................... 5-24 tow chain, connecting ........................................9-3 Tow mode ...............................................................9-3 V towing Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .............8-2 connecting the tow chain .............................9-3 vehicle loading Jack mode ..........................................................9-3 determining load limit ................................... 8-4 keeping Model S in Neutral ..........................9-3 general information .........................................8-3 securing the wheels ....................................... 9-4 information label ..............................................8-3 towing a trailer ......................................................8-4 load calculation examples ...........................8-4 towing instructions ..............................................9-3 vent, sunroof ......................................................... 2-12 TPMS ventilation ................................................... 5-9, 5-10 malfunction ........................................................7-6 VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) .............8-2 overview ..............................................................7-6 volume control ............................................ 4-3, 5-2 replacing a tire sensor ...................................7-7 traction control .................................................. 4-22 traffic alerts ........................................................... 5-14 W trailer hitches .........................................................8-4 walk-away locking ................................................2-5 transmission specifications ...............................8-6 warning flashers ..................................................4-14 transporting warning lights connecting the tow chain .............................9-3 ABS .................................................................... 4-20 Jack mode ..........................................................9-3 air suspension ................................................... 5-11 keeping Model S in Neutral ..........................9-3 airbag ..................................................................3-18 securing the wheels ....................................... 9-4 Jack mode ......................................................... 5-11 trip information ...................................................4-18 summary of ....................................................... 4-9 trunk, front tire pressure .......................................................7-3 closing ................................................................2-10 traction control ..............................................4-22 inside emergency release .............................2-11 washer fluid, topping up ..................................7-18 opening ..............................................................2-10 washer jets, cleaning .........................................7-15 opening, no power ..........................................2-11 washers ...................................................................4-15 weight specifications ...........................................8-5 vi

book.book Page vii Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM INDEX wheel chocks ..........................................................9-4 wheels alignment of ......................................................7-4 replacing ............................................................. 7-5 specifications ....................................................8-8 windows opening and closing .......................................2-7 opening from outside ....................................2-7 rear, child protection .....................................2-7 rear, locking ....................................................... 2-7 using key to open ............................................ 2-7 using the switch ............................................... 2-7 windshield washer fluid, topping up ............7-18 windshield washer jets ......................................7-15 windshield washers ........................................... 4-15 windshield wiper blades, replacing ..............7-15 windshield wipers, using .................................. 4-15 winter tires .............................................................. 7-5 wiper blades, replacing .....................................7-15 wipers ..................................................................... 4-15 vii

book.book Page viii Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 1 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM

book.book Page 2 Friday, July 19, 2013 12:53 PM Tesla Motors Netherlands B.V. Atlasstraat 7-9, 5047 RG Tilburg, Netherlands